Marcus Livius Drusus (consul)

Marcus Livius Drusus (155–108 BC) was a Roman politician who served as consul in 112 BC.[2] He was also governor of Macedonia and campaigned successfully in Thrace against the Scordisci.[2]

Marcus Livius Drusus
Born155 BC[1]
Died108 BC (aged 46–47)
NationalityRoman
OfficeTribune of the plebs (122 BC)
Consul (112 BC)
Censor (109 BC)
Spouse(s)Cornelia
ChildrenMarcus Livius Drusus
Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus
Livia
Parent(s)

Early lifeEdit

Drusus was a son of Gaius Livius Drusus.[3] He had a brother named Gaius Livius Drusus[3] and a sister named Livia.[4]

TribunateEdit

Drusus was set up as tribune of the plebs by the Senate in 122 BC to undermine Gaius Gracchus' land reform bills. To do this (according to the record of Appian), he proposed creating twelve colonies with 3,000 settlers each from the poorer classes, and relieving rent on property distributed since 133 BC. He also said the Latin allies should not be mistreated by Roman generals, which was the counteroffer to Gaius' offer of full citizenship. These were known as the Leges Liviae, but they were never enacted, because the Senate simply wanted to draw support away from Gracchus.

Their plan was successful, and Drusus had just enough support to veto Gaius' bill.

Consulship and later careerEdit

Drusus was later consul in 112 BC and fought in Macedonia defeating the Scordisci,[2] even pushing them out of Thrace across the Danube.

In 109 BC he was elected censor along with the elder Marcus Aemilius Scaurus.[5] He died in office.[5]

FamilyEdit

Drusus was married to a Cornelia, they had three known children:


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sumner, G.V. (1973). The Orators in Cicero's Brutus: Prosopography and Chronology. University of Toronto Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-8020-5281-9.
  2. ^ a b c Broughton 1951, p. 538.
  3. ^ a b http://www.strachan.dk/family/livius.htm
  4. ^ Dennison, Matthew (2011). Livia, Empress of Rome: A Biography. St. Martin's Publishing Group. ISBN 9781429989190.
  5. ^ a b Broughton 1951, p. 545.
  6. ^ a b c Treggiari, Susan (3 January 2019). Servilia and her Family. p. 40. ISBN 9780192564658.

Sources

  • Broughton, TRS (1951). Magistrates of the Roman Republic. Vol. 1. American Philological Association.
Political offices
Preceded by Roman consul
112 BC
With: Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus
Succeeded by