Marcus Claudius Marcellus (consul 166 BC)

Marcus Claudius Marcellus (died c. 148 BC) was Roman consul for the years 166 BC (together with Gaius Sulpicius Gallus), for 155 BC (with Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum), and for 152 BC (with Lucius Valerius Flaccus).

Statue of Claudio Marcelo in Córdoba (Spain)

FamilyEdit

He was apparently the son of Marcus Claudius Marcellus (consul 196 BC), censor in 189 BC and the grandson of Marcus Claudius Marcellus, the five-times consul.

CareerEdit

In 169 BC, he served as a praetor, being assigned to Hither and Farther Spain.[1]

In 155 BC, he celebrated a triumph against the Apuani.

In 152 BC he assumed his third Consulship and replaced the previous Consul, Quintus Fulvius Nobilior, in his command against the Celtiberians in Spain.[2] Having arrived with reinforcements, he negotiated the surrender of Ocilis and defeated the Nergobriges, before they and the other Celtiberian tribes of the Arevaci, the Belli, and the Titthi, sued for peace with Rome. Marcellus sent ambassadors back to the Senate in Rome, urging them to accept the peace proposals and end the long war in Spain. The Senate however, refused and began gathering a new army to be again sent to Spain the following year, appointing Lucius Licinius Lucullus, Consul-Elect for 151 BC, to replace Marcellus once his term as Consul expired.[3] Upon learning of this, Marcellus nevertheless remained resolved to make peace in Spain and end the war before Lucullus' arrival. However, the Arevaci then attacked Nergobriga, the city of the Nergobriges, and broke the truce agreed with Marcellus. In retaliation, the Romans marched to besiege the Arevaci capital of Numantia; however, before the assault could begin, the Numantines re-opened negotiations for peace and, in a conference with Marcellus, the Numantine leader, Litenno, offered to make peace with Rome on behalf of the Arevaci, Belli and Titthi. Delighted, Marcellus accepted the offer and, the tribes having handed over the required hostages and money as guarantees that they would not break their promise, concluded the war in Spain before Lucullus and his army arrived.[4]

City founderEdit

He founded Corduba (Córdoba, Spain) in 169 BC.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Livy, XLIII.14-15
  2. ^ Appian, Roman History, Book 6 'The Wars in Spain,' s.48
  3. ^ Appian, Roman History, Book 6 'The Wars in Spain,' s.49
  4. ^ Appian, Roman History, Book 6 'The Wars in Spain,' s.50
Political offices
Preceded by Consul of the Roman Republic
166 BC
with Gaius Sulpicius Gallus
Succeeded by
Preceded by Consul of the Roman Republic
155 BC
with Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum II
Succeeded by
Preceded by Consul of the Roman Republic
152 BC
with Lucius Valerius Flaccus
Succeeded by