Marco de Gregorio
Marco de Gregorio
Capri, painting by Marco De Gregorio
|Born||12 March 1829|
Resina, near Naples
|Education||Academy of Fine Arts of Naples|
|Lo Zappatore (1873)|
|Style||School of Resina; Republica de Portici|
He was born in Resina (present day Ercolano) near Naples. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts of Naples after 1850, where he was influenced by Gonsalvo Carelli and Giacinto Gigante. An ardent patriot, in 1860 he joined Garibaldi and even participated in the Battle of Volturnus.
On his returning to Campania in 1860-1861, he moved to Resina, where Giuseppe De Nittis, Adriano Cecioni, and Federigo Rossano were also soon working. These would constitute the nucleus of the School of Resina (or in Italy known as the Republica di Portici), an artists' group founded by de Greggorio, Rossano and Nittis. Sometime later, the painters Raffaele Belliazzi, Alceste Campriani, Antonio Leto and Edoardo Dalbono also joined the group. De Greggorio was the most vibrant personality in the group. Working in the Neapolitan countryside, members of this group were isolated from other art groups or movements and tended to focus on Morellism and folklore painting. Although an active member of the group, de Greggorio always imparted an individual finesse to his work, an avant-garde style rich in the synthesis of various styles, yet revealing a profound sense of the artist's individual feelings and poetry. 
In around 1870, he travelled to Egypt, and some of his subsequent paintings have Orientalist themes. the Arab Market and Egyptian Boys, now in the San Martino Art Museum, are examples of his later work.  He died in Naples in 1875.
Critics have praised de Greggorio's painting, Lo Zappatore (pictured) as a fine example of portraits of the labouring poor. The digger's emaciated features under a straw hat and the tattered clothes is a tribute to the stoicism with which the subject faces daily hard work. It neither idealises nor protests the nature of the working poor, but simply presents it as an objective reality.
- Olson, R.J.M., Ottocento: Romanticism and Revolution in 19th-century Italian Painting,American Federation of Arts, 1992, p.25
- "De Greggorio, Marco," [Brief Biography], Raccolta Rassegna Storica dei Comuni, Vol. 6, 1974, p. 142 (translated from Italian)
- Olson, R.J.M., Ottocento: Romanticism and Revolution in 19th-century Italian Painting,American Federation of Arts, 1992, p.77
- Encyclopedia Treccani, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 36 (1988), entry by Mariantonietta Picone Petrusa.
- White, J., Italian Cultural Lineages, University of Toronto Press, 2007, p. 260