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Marceline Loridan-Ivens (née Rozenberg; 19 March 1928[1] – 18 September 2018)[2] was a French writer and film director who was married to Joris Ivens.[3] Her memoir But You Did Not Come Back details her time in Auschwitz-Birkenau.[4]

Marceline Loridan-Ivens
Koningin Beatrix, Joris Ivens, en Marceline Loridan (1989).jpg
Marceline Loridan-Ivens (right) and Joris Ivens with Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
Born
Marceline Rozenberg

(1928-03-19)19 March 1928
Épinal, France
Died18 September 2018(2018-09-18) (aged 90)
Paris, France
OccupationWriter and filmmaker
Years active1962–2014
Spouse(s)Joris Ivens

BiographyEdit

Marceline Rozenberg was born to Polish Jewish parents who emigrated to France since 1919. At the beginning of World War II, her family settled in Vaucluse,[5] where she joined the French Resistance. She and her father, Szlama, were captured by the Gestapo [6][7] and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau by Convoy 71 on 13 April 1944[8], along with Simone Veil[9][10] and Anne-Lise Stern, then to Bergen-Belsen, and eventually to Theresienstadt. The camp was liberated on 10 May 1945.[11] by the Red Army.

She married[when?] Francis Loridan, an engineer. Years later they divorced, but she was allowed to keep his surname.[12]

She joined the French Communist Party in 1955 and left it a year later. She then encountered "deviationists", such as Henri Lefebvre and Edgar Morin[13], wrote manuscripts for intellectuals, worked in the reprographic service of a polling institute, was bag carrier for the Algerian National Liberation Front and frequented Saint-Germain-des-Prés[14]

In 1961, Edgar Morin cast her in the film Chronique d'un été, thus making her film debut. In 1963, she met and married the documentary director Joris Ivens. She assisted him in his work and co-directed some of his films, including 17th Parallel: Vietnam in War (1968).[15] They left together for Vietnam, where they met Ho Chi Minh[14]

From 1972 to 1976, during the Cultural Revolution, Joris Ivens and Marceline Loridan worked in China and directed How Yukong Moved the Mountains, a series of 12 films[16] Criticized by Jiang Qing, they had to quickly leave China[17]

She gave lectures and testified in colleges and high schools on the Holocaust.[14]

Partial filmographyEdit

As directorEdit

As actressEdit

ScreenwriterEdit

Awards and nominationsEdit

PublicationsEdit

  • 17e parallèle : la guerre du peuple: deux mois sous la terre, cowritten with Joris Ivens, Paris, les Éditeurs français réunis, 1969 (44 illustrations)
  • Ma vie balagan, story written with journalist Élisabeth D. Inandiak, Robert Laffont, 2008 ISBN 978-2-221-10658-7
  • Et tu n'es pas revenu, story written with Judith Perrignon, Grasset, 2015 ISBN 978-2-246-85391-6
  • L'amour après, story written with Judith Perrignon, Grasset, 2018, 162 p.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Article by Andrew Goldstein in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
  2. ^ Filmmaker Loridan-Ivens, Auschwitz companion of Simone Veil, dies
  3. ^ Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
  4. ^ Publishers Weekly
  5. ^ Klarsfeld, 2012.
  6. ^ Klarsfeld, 2012.
  7. ^ Steven Erlanger. "Jewish Deportee on Persecution, Past and Present", The New York Times, 1 January 2016.
  8. ^ Klarsfeld, 2012.
  9. ^ Klarsfeld, 1978.
  10. ^ Plus tard, elles deviennent amies. Catherine Durand. «Marceline Loridan-Ivens : "Simone Veil, ma jumelle contradictoire»", Marie Claire; accessed 21 September 2018.
  11. ^ Interview with Marceline Loridan-Ivens, France Inter, 18 April 2012.
  12. ^ Loridan, Marceline (2008). Laffont (ed.). Ma vie balagan (in French). p. 171. ISBN 9782221106587. OCLC 262426758..
  13. ^ « La clé des camps », Libération, 11 November 2003.
  14. ^ a b c Jacqueline Remy, "La vie est belle", Vanity Fair, April 2018, pages 78-85.
  15. ^ « Marceline la tornade », Le Monde, 25 July 2005.
  16. ^ CANNES CLASSICS - « Joris Ivens et Marceline Loridan, regards sur la Chine en mutation », 21 May 2014.
  17. ^ Marceline Loridan a filmé la Chine de Mao « Je fus dupée par mon époque », Rue89, 15 June 2014.

BibliographyEdit

  • Serge Klarsfeld, Le Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France, Beate and Serge Klarsfeld, 1978; New Edition: Association des Fils et Filles des Déportés Juifs de France (FFDJF), 2012

See alsoEdit