Maratha titles

The following list includes a brief about the titles of nobility or orders of chivalry used by the Marathas of India and by the Marathis/Konkanis in general.

Titles used by the Maratha RoyalsEdit

  • Chhatrapati: Chhatrapati is an Indian royal title most equivalent to a King. It means the 'Lord of the Parasol'[1] and is a title conferred upon the founder of Maratha Empire, Shivaji. The title is also used by Shivaji's descendants.
  • Maharaj: The English equivalent of Maharaj is great king. It is a title first conferred upon Shivaji's father Shahaji Raje Bhosale by Adilshah.
  • Maharani: The English equivalent of Maharani is great queen. It is a title first used by Tarabai, as regent of marathas empire .
  • Raje: The English equivalent of Raje is Your Majesty. It is a title first conferred upon Shivaji's grandfather Maloji Raje Bhosale
  • Kshatriya Kulavantas: It means 'The Head of the Kshatriya caste' and was a title first given to Shivaji at the time of his coronation[2]
  • Sinhasanadheeshwar: It means 'the enthroned King' and was a title first given to Shivaji at the time of his coronation[2]
  • Peshwa: It is a word of Persian origin and means 'Foremost' or 'the first minister'[3] or 'Premier' (or Prime Minister). It was a title given to the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire or sometimes to a male member of the Peshwa's family (as a suffix for a member of the Peshwa family and as a prefix for the Peshwa himself.) For example:
    ->Peshwa:Shrimant Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao Bhat.
    ->Member:Shrimant Vishwasrao Bhat, Peshwa.
  • Peshwin: The wife of a Peshwa[4] or a female member of the Peshwa's family.
  • Daria Sarang: It means the Chief or Admiral of the Maratha Navy[5]
  • Senakhaskhel: It means the Commander of the armies of the state. It is a designation created by Rajaram I.
  • Shamsher Bahadur: It is a title conferred upon the Mohhameden Branch of Peshava at Banda . After 1857 , The Maharajas of Baroda (the Gaekwads) were title holders , which means a distinguished swordsman[6]


Titles given by the BritishEdit

Other titlesEdit

  • Rao: It is an honorary title used by men as a suffix to their first name, example Malhar Rao Holkar, the prince of Indore
  • Sinh: It is a word derived from the Sanskrit word siḿha, meaning 'lion'.[23] It is used as a suffix to the first name, example Maharaja Pratapsinh Gaekwad[24] or H.H. Meherban Shrimant Raja Vijaysinhrao Madhavrao Patwardhan, Raja of Sangli[citation needed]
  • Shett/Sheth: Shett/Sheth is a name given to the Daivajnas of Konkani origin residing on the west coast of India. For example, the Saldanha-Shet family is one of the well known Konkani Catholic families from Mangalore.[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alain Daniélou (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 257–. ISBN 978-1-59477-794-3.
  2. ^ a b "Chhatrapati Shivaji".
  3. ^ Temple, Sir Richard Carnac (1953-01-01). Sivaji and the rise of the mahrattas. Susil Gupta.
  4. ^ Yule, Henry; Burnell, A. C.; Teltscher, Kate (2013-06-13). Hobson-Jobson: The Definitive Glossary of British India. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780199601134.
  5. ^ Sardesai, HS (2002). Shivaji, the Great Maratha, Volume 3. Cosmo Publications. p. 649. ISBN 9788177552874.
  6. ^ http://coinindia.com/galleries-baroda.html
  7. ^ Singh, Ravindra Pratap (1987-01-01). Geography and Politics in Central India: A Case Study of Erstwhile Indore State. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170220251.
  8. ^ a b Lethbridge, Sir Roper (2005). The Golden Book of India. ISBN 9788187879541.
  9. ^ Social Science. FK Publications. 2006-01-01. ISBN 9788179730423.
  10. ^ Kapoor, Subodh (2002-01-01). The Indian Encyclopaedia: Biographical, Historical, Religious, Administrative, Ethnological, Commercial and Scientific. Cosmo Publications. ISBN 9788177552577.
  11. ^ a b Ahmed, Farooqui Salma (2011). A Comprehensive History of Medieval India. ISBN 9788131732021.
  12. ^ Copeman, Jacob; Ikegame, Aya (2012-01-01). The Guru in South Asia: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Routledge. ISBN 9780415510196.
  13. ^ India, Central (1908). "The Central India State Gazetteer Series".
  14. ^ Madan, T.N. (1988). Way of Life: King, Householder, Renouncer : Essays in Honour of Louis Dumont. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 129. ISBN 9788120805279. Retrieved 2015-07-04.
  15. ^ Russell, Robert Vane (1916). "pt. II. Descriptive articles on the principal castes and tribes of the ... - Robert Vane Russell - Google Books".
  16. ^ O'Hanlon, Rosalind (22 August 2002). Caste, Conflict and Ideology. ISBN 9780521523080.
  17. ^ Gokhale, Balkrishna Govind (1988). "Poona in the eighteenth century".
  18. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1992-01-01). Fall of the Mughal Empire. Sangam. ISBN 9780861317493.
  19. ^ "No. 22523". The London Gazette. 25 June 1861. p. 2622.
  20. ^ https://www.deccanchronicle.com/lifestyle/viral-and-trending/180816/picturing-the-beloved.html
  21. ^ a b Rajarshi Shahu Chhatrapati papers. 1997.
  22. ^ http://www.britishmilitarymedals.co.uk/kaiser-i-hind-medal/
  23. ^
    • Saheb: It is an honorary title used by men as a suffix to their first name, example AnnaSaheb Magar, a politician in Maharashtra
    • Bai: It is an honorary title used by women as a suffix to their first name, example Rani Laxmibai, the Queen of Jhansi
    • Devi: It is an honorary title used by women as a suffix to their first name.
  24. ^ Sawhney, Clifford (2004-12-01). Strange But True Facts. Pustak Mahal. ISBN 9788122308396.
  25. ^ Farias, Kranti (1999), The Christian impact in South Kanara, Church History Association of India, p. 279