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The Maratha–Mysore Wars was a conflict in the 18th century India, between the Maratha Empire and the Kingdom of Mysore.

Maratha-Mysore Wars (Hyder Ali)Edit

Maratha-Mysore Wars (Tipu Sultan)Edit

Although there were clashes between Hyder Ali and the Peshwa the actual war broke out in February 1785.

In the aftermath of the Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-1784), Mysorean ruler Tipu Sultan sought to forestall offensive moves by the Marathas, who had established a military alliance with the Nizam of Hyderabad to recover territories both had lost to Mysore in previous conflicts. Much of the desired territory was subject to marches, countermarches, and sieges of fortified points. The Marathas also attempted to draw the British East India Company into the pending conflict, but a neutrality policy implemented by the new governor-general, Lord Charles Cornwallis made its participation impossible. The Maratha-Mysore War ended after the Maratha's faced defeat in the final conflict during the Siege of Bahadur Benda in January 1787, and later settled for peace with the victorious kingdom of Mysore, to which Tipu Sultan obliged with the signing of the treaty of Gajendragad in April 1787 in which he had pay an annual tribute of 12 lakhs per year to the Marathas, thus ending hostilities with the Marathas and allowing Tipu Sultan to focus on his rivalry with the British.[3][4]

Maratha–Mysore War
Date1785-1787
Location
Result Maratha victory [5][4]
Belligerents
  Maratha Empire  Kingdom of Mysore
Commanders and leaders
Hari Pant
kolapant Pethe
Vyankatro Bhave
Mushir-ul-Mulk
Tipu Sultan
Strength
100,000 soldiers 40,000-50,000 soldiers

Major conflictsEdit

Post war treatiesEdit

Maratha-Mysore war ended in April 1787, following the finalizing of treaty of Gajendragad, as per which, Tipu Sultan of Mysore was obligated to pay 4.8 million rupees as a war cost to the Marathas, and an annual tribute of 1.2 million rupees, In addition to returning all the territory captured by Hyder Ali.[6][7] Tipu also agreed to pay 4 year's arrears of the tribute, which Mysore owed to the Marathas, which Tipu's father, Hyder Ali had undertaken to pay.[8]

BibliographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jaques, Tony (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A-E. ISBN 9780313335372.
  2. ^ Jaques, Tony (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: P-Z. ISBN 9780313335396.
  3. ^ Hasan, Mohibbul (2005). History of Tipu Sultan. ISBN 9788187879572.
  4. ^ a b Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 175. ISBN 9788131300343.
  5. ^ Hasan, Mohibbul (2005). History of Tipu Sultan. ISBN 9788187879572.
  6. ^ Naravane, M. S (1 January 2006). Battles of the Honourable East India Company: Making of the Raj. ISBN 978-81-313-0034-3.
  7. ^ Anglo-Maratha relations, 1785-96
  8. ^ Sailendra Nath Sen (1994). Anglo-Maratha Relations, 1785-96, Volume 2. ISBN 9788171547890.