María Luisa Penne

María Luisa Penne Rullan de Castillo (11 September 1913 – 6 October 2005), born in Ponce, Puerto Rico, was a painter, artist, and educator who taught and influenced the work of well-known artists such as Noemí Ruiz, Jaime Carrero, Rafael Rivera Garcia, and printmaker Susanna Herrero among others.

María Luisa Penne Rullan de Castillo
María Luisa Penne Rullan

11 September 1913
Died6 October 2005
NationalityPuerto Rican
EducationPratt Institute
University of Puerto Rico
Art Institute of Chicago
Columbia University
Known forPainter, Artist, and Educator
Notable work
"Las Tres Luisas"
AwardsInstitute of Puerto Rican Culture
Patron(s)Institute of Puerto Rican Culture
Museum of Art of Puerto Rico

Early lifeEdit

Doña María Luisa was born in Ponce, Puerto Rico on September 11, 1913.


Doña Maria Luisa attended the Pratt Institute in New York from 1932 to 1935[1] and became the first Puerto Rican woman to graduate from the prestigious art and design institute.[2] She continued her studies, obtaining a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Puerto Rico in 1939 and a master's in Art from the Art Institute of Chicago in 1947. Her doctoral studies were conducted at Columbia University in New York.[3]

After returning to Puerto Rico, Mrs. Castillo or "la teacher" - as she was known to her disciples - began to work for the empowerment of women in the art world, a field traditionally reserved for male members of society. She firmly believed in the importance of education as a means to achieve such empowerment. Therefore, she decided to get involved in the field of art education.

Penne Rullan designed and implemented the art curriculum for the Polytechnic Institute of San Germán (now known as the Inter-American University of Puerto Rico) and for the Colegio de Mayaguez also known as the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez. She was Head of the Department of Fine Arts at both institutions from 1940–1961 and 1961–1980, respectively.

Personal lifeEdit

Penne Rullan married Don Francisco Castillo Amy and had two children.


Penne died in San Juan, Puerto Rico in October 2005.


Among Penne's students was Rafael Rivera Garcia.

Artist work and legacyEdit

Some of her art work can be seen at the collection of the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture and at the Museum of Art of Puerto Rico.

Important expositions in her honorEdit

Name of Exposition Sponsor Date
Pinturas y Artes Applicadas de María Luisa P. de Castillo University of Puerto Rico 1948
Cuadros para el hogar: Acuarelas de María Luisa P. de Castillo Hotel Condado 1952
Exposición de acuarelas de María Luisa P. De Castillo Colegio de Agricultura y Artes Mecánicas de Mayaguez 1961
Retrospectiva de María Luisa P. de Castillo Departamento de Instrucción Pública 1972
Exposición Homenaje a María Luisa Castillo Universidad Interamericana, Recinto de San Germán 1979
Exposición Homenaje a María Luisa Castillo Ateneo Puertorriqueño 1985
Exposición Retrospectiva: María Luisa Penne de Castillo Museo Casa Roig 1998
Las Tres Luisas Universidad del Sagrado Corazon 2010

Some collective expositionsEdit

Name of Exposition Sponsor Date
Primera Exposición Arte Independiente de Puerto Rico en la UPR Universidad de Puerto Rico 1939
Liga de Artistas Americanos Ateneo Puertorriqueño 1945
El paisaje de Puerto Rico Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña 1961
Museo de Arte de Ponce Museo de Arte de Ponce 1968
IV Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano 1979
Exposición Colectiva de Mujeres Artistas dedicada a la Prof. María Luisa Castillo La Fortaleza 1979
Pintura y gráfica de los años 50 Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña 1985
Mujeres Artistas de Puerto Rico Museo de Bellas Artes del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña 1986
De Oller a los Cuarenta: La pintura en Puerto Rico 1898–1948 Museo de Historia, Antropología y Arte de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 1988
Mujeres Artistas: Protagonistas de los Ochenta Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Puerto Rico 1990
Los tesoros de la pintura puertorriqueña Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico 2000

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit