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María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías

María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías (30 June 1912 – 11 March 2009) was a Mexican architect who worked for close to 50 years in the Federal District of Mexico City, primarily designing single-family homes and apartment buildings.[1] She was the first Mexican woman to graduate with a degree in architecture.

María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías
Born30 June 1912
Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Died11 March 2009(2009-03-11) (aged 96)
Mexico City, Mexico
NationalityMexican
Other namesMaría Luisa Dehesa de Millán
OccupationArchitect
Years active1939–1989
Spouse(s)Manuel Millán

BiographyEdit

María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías was born on 30 June 1912[2] in Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico to Ramón Dehesa[3] and María Luisa Gómez Farías y Canedo, daughter of the Mexican Minister in London, Benito Gómez Farías [es]. She was the granddaughter of Teodoro A. Dehesa Méndez on her paternal side and great-granddaughter of Valentín Gómez Farías on her maternal side.[2]

In 1933 she enrolled at the Academia de San Carlos (the National School of Architecture) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico.[3] In her class of 113 students, only five were women[1] and they were required to study in a separate workshop from the men.[3] She graduated in 1937, the first Mexican woman to graduate with a degree in architecture. Her thesis, which won honorable mention from the jurors,[3] was entitled Artillery Barracks Type. It was accepted in 1939 and she attained her professional designation.[4]

After she finished school, Dehesa married Manuel Millán and they subsequently had four children.[2] She joined the Public Works Department in Mexico City and served for nearly 50 years in various divisions,[1] primarily designing single-family homes and apartment buildings.[2] In 1974, she was announced as a joint winner of the Ruth Rivera Prize, together with the first Mexican female civil engineer, Concepción Mendizábal Mendoza.[5] In 2006, the College of Architects of Mexico City, honored her for her contributions.[3]

Notimex published Dehesa's memoirs, entitled Los Años Valientes, with illustrations by her daughter Elizabeth Millán de Guerra, a graphic designer.[2] Dehesa died in Mexico City in 2009.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Prieto Soldevilla, Alain (8 March 2013). "Las arquitectas mexicanas que vencieron la contracorriente" (in Spanish). Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico: Obrasweb. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Pallais, María Lourdes (11 November 2006). "Cumple María Luisa Dehesa más de medio siglo como arquitecta" (in Spanish). Mexico: MLP's Grand Central. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e Mendoza, Ángel (1 March 2007). "María Luisa Dehesa" (in Spanish). Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico: Obrasweb. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Maria Luisa Dehesa, Primera Mujer Arquitecta en Mexico" (in Spanish) (2398). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico: Gaceta. 20 July 1989. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Dos Universitarias Recibieron el Premio "Ruth Rivera" 1974" (in Spanish) (8). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico: Gaceta. 2 December 1974. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  6. ^ María Luisa Dehesa Architectuul profile