Manuel N. Flores

Manuel Flores (Jose Manuel Nepomunceno Paublino Flores; ca. 1801–1868) served as a volunteer in the Texas army in 1835–1838. Fighting and commanding, he rose through the ranks to reach sergeant status during the fight for Texas independence and was commissioned a captain during the Republic years.

Manuel Flores
Historic American Buildings Survey, Arthur W. Stewart, Photographer April 30, 1936 NORTHWEST ELEVATION, NORTH FRONT AND WEST END. - Manuel Flores House, Seguin, Guadalupe County, HABS TEX,94-SEGUI,5-1.tif
Manuel N. Flores House, Seguin, Texas
Born1801
Died1868 (aged 67)
MonumentsCourthouse, Floresville
Known forParticipation in Texas Revolution – San Antonio and San Jacinto
Home townAfter Texas independence, Seguin, Texas
Parent(s)Jose Flores De Abrego and Maria Rodriquez
RelativesJuan Seguin, Salvador Flores

Family history – early yearsEdit

Manuel Flores was born in Spanish Texas on June 16, 1799,[Notes 1] in La Villa de San Fernando de Bexar. He was a skilled vaquero and ranchero that lived on the San Antonio River below San Antonio. He married Maria Josefa Courbière in 1835. He married Margarita Garza in 1858.[1]

He was the son of Jose Flores De Abrego and Maria Rodriquez [2][3] They were a prominent family of Bexar, rich in the ranching history of Texas and steeped in the cause of freedom.[4]

Supporting the 1835–1836 Texas independence movement were four Flores De Abrego sons,[2] Captain Salvador Flores[5] Captain Manuel Flores,[6] Lieutenant Nepomuceno Flores,[7] and Private Jose Maria Flores,[8][9] having participated in the Texas Revolution, serving at Bexar[10] and San Jacinto.[11] Manuel was the brother-in-law of Col. Juan Nepomuceno Seguín.[12]

Texas RevolutionEdit

Battle of GonzalesEdit

Anticipating the Battle of Gonzales,[13] a meeting would be held late in September 1835 at the Flores Ranch, that would organize a volunteer force of Texas ranchers that would favor the impending revolution.[14] In Gonzales, immigrants, colonists, and Texian volunteers continued gathering. The Texian Army would become a mixture of all peoples, interested in the cause of democracy. Manuel Flores would be in favor, and volunteer his services to Texas. Manuel Flores would be the courier to inform Stephen F. Austin that Juan N. Seguin's volunteer company would join in at Béxar, against General Cos.[14]

Siege of BexarEdit

The attention of the commander of the Texian volunteer forces, Stephen F. Austin, now focused towards a Béxar campaign. Manuel and his brother, Salvador Flores, along with Manuel Leal, organized 41 volunteers from ranches southwest of San Antonio,[15] where they reinforced the Texan forces on the Salado Creek, in mid-October,[16] a few days after Juan Seguin[17][18][19] and Plácido Benavides[20] of Victoria had also gathered 70 men to aid Commander Stephen F. Austin.[15][21][22] Manuel Flores entered the company with Juan Seguin elected as commander. In December 1835, after a two-month siege of Bexar, that finally ended in ferocious house-to-house fighting, Manuel Flores participated in the removal of Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos at the Siege of Bexar.[23]

Battle of the AlamoEdit

Seguin stated that he brought 15 men into the Alamo along with him. Lindley believed that the Flores brothers were defending the Alamo some time near the beginning of the siege. Manuel and the volunteers entered the Alamo on February 23.[24] His brother had been one of the 100 or so that had served at the Siege of Bexar and remained in the Alamo with Colonel James C. Neill. At some point later in the siege, after Seguin's departure as a courier, the Flores brothers exited the Alamo, thus making them survivors of the Alamo siege. In 1907, Alamo survivor Enrique Esparza stated that Santa Anna called an armistice for three days and he remembers the Flores brothers leaving at that time.[25] They had entered the Alamo hastily when the Mexican army arrived and now they took the chance to check on the condition of their families, who had been left alone in their homes. After securing the safety of their families, they regrouped and recruited a few more men from the area, gaining a few more Flores brothers. They then rendezvoused with Seguin in Gonzales. There, the native Texan defenders were joined by other men from Gonzales and proceeded westward to reinforce the Alamo.[26] There, on the Cibolo, they waited to team up with Fannin's army. Fannin never made it to the Cibolo, thus the Alamo fell before they could reach it.[27]

Battle of San JacintoEdit

A company was reorganized in Gonzales during the first week of March 1836, and Manuel Flores became Captain Seguin's first sergeant.[28] This force would now split up. Salvador Flores formed the western rear guard and would maintain this position offering protection from Mexican and Indian attack,[29] while Sergeant Manuel Flores, with his brothers and brother-in-law gathered their company to follow Houston eastward. This company blocked the Mexican army from crossing the Brazos river, preventing them from overtaking the Texians.[30] Sergeant Manuel Flores[6] together with Captain Juan Seguin, Corporal Nepomuceno Flores,[31] Private Jose Maria Flores[32] and their Tejano company would then join in with Houston and Rusk to overtake Santa Anna's army, in the rout at the Battle of San Jacinto.[33]

Manuel Flores is credited for taking the lead in the final charge against Santa Anna's army at San Jacinto. Although originally a cavalry company, they would fight with Sidney Sherman's force as infantry. José Maria Rodriquez states in his book Memoirs of Early Texas, that during the final charge, the Texans fired and fell to the ground waiting for a volley from the Mexican camp, but Manuel Flores remained standing and challenged the Texican Army to "get up" and follow his lead, for the Mexicans were running. They got up and pursued the Army, taking many prisoners.[34]

Republic of TexasEdit

After the Texas Revolution, he was commissioned as first lieutenant in Company B of the Second Regiment of Cavalry. Next he was commissioned the captain of a cavalry company in defense of the new republic, participating in much the same way a ranger company would.[35][Notes 2] In 1838 he established a ranch on the south side of the Guadalupe River near a natural rock waterfalls and directly across from Seguin, Texas. Being one of the larger operating ranches of the time, it was visited in 1846 by German geologist Ferdinand von Roemer, who described the home and the Flores Falls in his works Die Kreidebildungen von Texas and ihre organischen Einschlüsse (1852).

In 1842, San Antonio was overrun twice, by Santa Anna's forces. During March 1842, the citizens of San Antonio sought refuge at Manuel Flores Ranch in the city of Seguin, Texas.[36] There, a counterattack was planned and Manuel Flores was a member of the party that pursued the army of Ráfael Vásquez.[37] Even though his brother-in-law, Juan Seguin had also joined in the pursuit that chased the invaders from Texas,[38] Seguin was doomed to be blamed for the invasion.[39] The Flores ranch in Seguin would again become a base camp when General Adrian Woll attacked San Antonio in September 1842.

LegacyEdit

In later years, the Flores descendants were the ones to donate the land for the establishment of the City in Texas that bears their name: Floresville, Texas.[40]

A Texas State Historical Marker was placed at the Floresville courthouse during the 1986 Texas sesquicentennial. It now stands in honor to Manuel Flores and his family for their service to Texas.

Tejanos who served under Juan SeguínEdit

Tejano volunteers under Juan Seguín

Tejano volunteers under the command of Juan Seguín for all or part of their service in the Texas Revolution and the Republic of Texas

Sources:

  • MacDonald, L. Lloyd (2009). Tejanos in the 1835 Texas Revolution. Pelican Publishing. pp. 260–262. ISBN 9781589806382.
  • Teja, Jesus F. De la; Matovina, Timothy; Poché, Justin (2013). Recollections of a Tejano Life: Antonio Menchaca in Texas History. University of Texas Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0292748651.
  • Texas State Archives, Republic of Texas Claims
  • Texas A & M professor Wallace L. McKeehan, also on the school's Board of Regents website: Hispanic Texian Patriots in the Struggle for Independence
  • Handbook of Texas Online


See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Birth date most commonly used and referenced in the Handbook of Texas, is 1801
  2. ^ He is often confused with the Mexican emissary also named Manuel Flores, who was killed at the battle of the San Gabriels in 1838.

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Descendants of Pedro Flores de Abrego by S. Gibson June 24, 2007
  2. ^ a b de la Teja (1991), p. 18.
  3. ^ "Fort Tours - Wilson County Historical Markers". Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  4. ^ Handbook of Texas
  5. ^ SRT77 (2001) Pg.77
  6. ^ a b Handbook of Texas Online, s.v., FLORES, MANUEL [1801-1868] | The Handbook of Texas Online| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), accessed September 28, 2016.
  7. ^ Banks (2001), p. 51.
  8. ^ TAMU Dewitt, Pvt. Jose (Manuel) Maria Flores [1] Archived December 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine - 2nd Regiment Volunteers 9th Company
  9. ^ 1735 MILITARY ROSTER OF SAN ANTONIO DE BEXAR PRESIDIO Bexar Genealogy Flores
  10. ^ Matovina (1995), p. 34.
  11. ^ Texas Historical Society [Marker 5335 Floresville, Texas (1986)]
  12. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 97.
  13. ^ Handbook of Texas
  14. ^ a b de la Teja (1991), p. 77.
  15. ^ a b de la Teja (1991), p. 24.
  16. ^ Tovares (2004), pbs/wgbh/american experience/alamo/timeline/1835 American Experience | Remember the Alamo | Timeline | PBS.
  17. ^ Brands (2005), p. 274.
  18. ^ Edmonson (2000), p. 218.
  19. ^ Handbook of Texas
  20. ^ Handbook of Texas
  21. ^ Barr (1990) p.18
  22. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 133.
  23. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 66.
  24. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 134.
  25. ^ Matovina (1995), p. 82.
  26. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 107.
  27. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 98.
  28. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 136.
  29. ^ Moore (2004), p. 60.
  30. ^ Groneman (1998), p. 98.
  31. ^ Louis W. Kemp, Nepomuceno Flores bio. 1930-1952
  32. ^ TAMU Dewitt (Pvt. Manuel Maria Flores) San Jacinto Veterans-Unit Archived December 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine - 2nd Regiment Volunteers 9th Company
  33. ^ Hardin (1994), pg. 209
  34. ^ Rodriquez (1913), pg. 3–15
  35. ^ Lozano (1985), p. 43.
  36. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 116.
  37. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 94–95.
  38. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 44&117.
  39. ^ de la Teja (1991), p. 118.
  40. ^ "The Flores de Abrego Family and Floresville - Texas Historical Markers on Waymarking.com". Retrieved September 28, 2016.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," [2] (accessed April 27, 2013).