Manuchihr I of Shirvan

Manuchehr I was the eleventh Shah of Shirvan. He is considered to be first fully Persianized ruler of the dynasty. Starting from his rule, the Shirvanshahs favoured names from the pre-Islamic Iranian past and claimed descent from characters such as the Sasanian monarch Bahram V Gur (r. 420–438).[1]

Manuchehr I
Shah of Shirvan
Reign1027-1034
PredecessorYazid II
SuccessorAli II
Died1034
Shamakhi
ConsortSitta
IssueHurmuz
HouseHouse of Shirvanshah
FatherYazid II

ReignEdit

In 1027, Manuchehr succeeded his father Yazid II as the Shah of Shirvan. Two years later, he declared war against the Hashimids of Derbent. He was, however, defeated by an Hashimid army which ravaged his land. The following year, his kingdom was invaded by a Rus' army under Ingvar the Far-Travelled. Manuchehr tried to repel them from Caucasus, but was soundly defeated at Baku; many prominent men of Shirvan were killed, such as certain Ahmad ibn Khasskin. Manuchehr then had the Araxes river closed in order to stop the Rus'. However, this resulted in the death of a number of Muslims.[2]

Nevertheless, some time later, Manuchehr managed to finally repel the Rus'.[3] In 1032, an combined army from Sarir and Alania invaded Shirvan and seized its capital Shamakhi. Many people were massacred and many riches were seized by them. During their withdrawal from Shirvan, however, they were attacked and defeated by the people of Derbent.[4]

DeathEdit

In 1034, Manuchehr was betrayed and stabbed by his younger brother Ali, who had with the help of Manuchehr's wife Sitta entered the latter's house.[4] Ali thus became the new Shirvanshah.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bosworth, C.E. (11 February 2011). "ŠERVĀNŠAHS". Archived copy. Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Archived from the original on 10 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Minorsky 1958, p. 31.
  3. ^ Madelung 1975, p. 248.
  4. ^ a b Minorsky 1958, p. 32.

SourcesEdit

Manuchihr I of Shirvan
Born: ? Died: 1034
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Yazid II
Shirvanshah
1027-1034
Succeeded by
Ali II