Mansfield is a small city in, and the parish seat of, DeSoto Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 5,001 at the 2010 census, a decline of more than 10 percent from the 2000 tabulation. Mansfield is 77 percent African American. Mansfield is part of the Shreveport–Bossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area.
|City of Mansfield|
Downtown Mansfield 2019
Location of Mansfield in De Soto Parish, Louisiana.
|• Mayor||Curtis McCoy (D) (began fourth term July 1, 2014)|
|• Total||3.66 sq mi (9.48 km2)|
|• Land||3.65 sq mi (9.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,266.16/sq mi (488.82/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
The Battle of Mansfield, a Confederate victory under General Richard Taylor (son of Zachary Taylor), was fought here on April 8, 1864. This battle turned 42,000 Union troops away from their conquest of the Louisiana Confederate capital, Shreveport, and sent them in retreat to New Orleans. The battle is commemorated at the Mansfield State Historic Site some four miles south of Mansfield off Louisiana Highway 175.
In 1855 the first woman's college west of the Mississippi River, Mansfield Female College, founded by the Methodist Church, opened in Mansfield. A two-year college, its first class graduated in 1856. Financial difficulties and the threat of war closed the college from 1860 to the end of the American Civil War, during which its buildings served as a hospital for soldiers wounded in the battle of Mansfield; it reopened in 1865. In 1930, Mansfield Female College merged with Centenary College of Louisiana in Shreveport and closed its doors permanently. In 2003, the Louisiana State Legislature moved to convert the main building of Mansfield Female College, the Lyceum, into a future museum.
Mansfield received its greatest commercial impetus during the middle 1890s, when the town became the junction of two railroads. The Texas Central, later the Texas Pacific Railroad, was built from Marshall, Texas, to Alexandria and beyond to New Orleans. In 1895 the Kansas City Southern Railroad built through Mansfield en route to Leesville, and by 1908, the Mansfield Railway Transportation Company rails had reached the Sabine River, en route to Center, Texas.
The film The Great Debaters was partially shot in Mansfield and released on December 25, 2007. The story line involves a 1930s debate team from Marshall, Texas. The downtown scenes of Marshall, however, were actually shot on location in downtown Mansfield. The film stars Denzel Washington and Forest Whitaker and was nominated for a Golden Globe award in 2008.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,001 people, 2,500 households, and 1,450 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,515.4 people per square mile (585.7/km2). There were 2,298 housing units at an average density of 623.9 per square mile (241.1/km2).
The racial makeup of the city in 2000 was 64.26% African American, 34.13% White, 0.13% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.59% of the population.
There were 2,054 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 27.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,981, and the median income for a family was $26,683. Males had a median income of $30,239 versus $19,854 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,850. About 27.2% of families and 33.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.1% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over.
In a runoff election held in May 2014, Roy Rogers Jones unseated Republican Troy N. Terrell, a local pastor who ran unsuccessfully in 2011 for the Louisiana State Senate against another Republican, Sherri Smith Buffington of Keithville in southern Caddo Parish. Questions have since arisen about Jones' residence in a different district than the District B, from which he was elected. Jones moved out of the district because of a house fire, but he has not yet returned to the area he represents on the city council. In 2013, he pleaded guilty to four misdemeanor theft counts in connection with a misappropriation of funds at the DeSoto Parish Council on Aging. Jones' wife is the former COA director. Two of her relatives were convicted of felonies in the matter.
Mansfield was the childhood home of Joshua Logan, an award-winning director, producer, playwright and screenwriter for film and stage. He is most famous for directing Hollywood classics such as South Pacific, Picnic, Paint Your Wagon, Sayonara, Bus Stop and Fanny. Logan received the Pulitzer Prize at the age of forty for the libretto of South Pacific, which he cowrote with Oscar Hammerstein II. Logan used Mansfield as the setting for his play The Wisteria Trees.
Ocie Lee Smith was an American singer, who performed with Count Basie's band from 1961 to 1965 and sang on the 1969 Grammy Award-winning recording of the song "Little Green Apples". He was born in Mansfield on June 21, 1932.
Mansfield is the birthplace of major league baseball player Vida Blue (born Vida Rochelle Blue, Jr. on July 28, 1949), a left-handed starting pitcher. In a 17-year career, he played for the Oakland Athletics, San Francisco Giants, and Kansas City Royals. Also Jesse Hudson, New York Mets pitcher. They graduated Mansfield High School in 1967 together.
Mansfield is also the birthplace of Albert Lewis (born Albert Ray Lewis on October 6, 1960). Lewis made his professional debut in the NFL in 1983 with the Kansas City Chiefs. He played for the Kansas City Chiefs, Oakland Raiders, and Los Angeles Raiders over the course of his 16-year career. NFL cornerback Fakhir Brown (born Fakhir Hamin Brown on September 21, 1977) initially attended Mansfield High School.
Others affiliated with Mansfield by birth or residence include:
- Sylura Barron (1900-1997), first African-American woman delegate to a national political convention (1948)
- Joe T. Cawthorn (1911-1967), lawyer, businessman, and politician affiliated with Long faction
- John H. Eastman (1861–1938), mayor of Shreveport from 1910 to 1914, was born in Mansfield in 1861.
- Charles Wheaton Elam (1866–1917), state representative from 1892 to 1896
- Joseph Barton Elam, Sr. (1821–1885), state representative, U.S. representative
- Riemer Calhoun (1909-1994), state senator from DeSoto and Caddo parishes from 1944 to 1952
- Kenny Ray Cox (born 1957), African-American state representative for Natchitoches, DeSoto, and Red River parishes; retired United States Army lieutenant colonel residing in Mansfield
- Jeff Hall, accountant in Alexandria and Democratic member of the Louisiana House for District 26 since 2015; former Mansfield resident
- William Pike Hall, Sr. (1896-1945), attorney and state senator from 1924 to 1932; born in Mansfield
- Charles Johnson (born 1956), American football player
- Walter C. Lee (born 1934) former Desoto Parish school superintendent; elected member of the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education
- Sidney Maiden (1923-1970), country blues musician, a singer and harmonica player who played with the guitarist K.C. Douglas
- Sammy Joe Odom (1941–2001), professional football player. Odom was a college football standout at Northwestern State University in Natchitoches and played a season for the Houston Oilers in 1964.
- Arthur T. Prescott (1863-1942), founding president of Louisiana Tech University, born in Mansfield but reared in St. Landry Parish
- Mack Charles Reynolds (1935–1991), professional football player
- C. O. Simpkins, Sr. (1925–2019), African-American dentist, state representative, and civil rights activist in Shreveport
- Mayor Curtis McCoy is listed among the state and local officials who have endorsed the reelection in 2014 of Democrat U.S. Senator Mary Landrieu.
- "Landrieu's GOP Endorsements Pale In Comparison To 2008 Election". thehayride.com. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- W. T. Block (1908-05-02). "Story of Mansfield, La: p. 4, col. 6". Beaumount Enterprise.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Vickie Welborn. "New Mansfield alderman's residency questioned". Shreveport Times. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Joe T. Cawthorn". Many, Louisiana: Sabine Index. November 16, 1967. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Kenny Ray Cox". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
- "Jeffrey W. Hall". intelius.com. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- "Funeral for Pike Hall at 11 A.M. Today – Prominent Attorney, Civic Leader Succumbs After Brief Illness". The Shreveport Times. December 17, 1945. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- Al Campbell. "Sidney Maiden : Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Henry E. Chambers, A History of Louisiana, Vol. 2 (Chicago and New York City: American Historical Society, 1925), pp. 313-314
- "C. O. Simpkins, Sr.: Civil Rights Champion". cosimpkins.com. Retrieved September 1, 2015.