Manpo (Korean pronunciation: [man.pʰo]) is a city of northwestern Chagang Province, North Korea. As of 2008, it had an estimated population of 116,760. It looks across the border to the city of Ji'an, Jilin province, China.

Manpo
만포시
Manpho
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha滿
 • McCune-ReischauerManp'o si
 • Revised RomanizationManpo-si
View of Manpo from the Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge
View of Manpo from the Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge
Map of Chagang showing the location of Manpo
Map of Chagang showing the location of Manpo
Manpo is located in North Korea
Manpo
Manpo
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 41°09′25″N 126°17′24″E / 41.157°N 126.290°E / 41.157; 126.290Coordinates: 41°09′25″N 126°17′24″E / 41.157°N 126.290°E / 41.157; 126.290
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceChagang Province
Administrative divisions11 tong, 15 ri
Government
 • Party Chairman of ManpoO Myong Chol [1]
Population
 (2008)
 • Total116,760
 • Dialect
P'yŏngan
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

HistoryEdit

Manp'o was incorporated as a city in October 1967. Earlier, in October 1949, it had been combined into a single county consisting Manpo-myon, Kosan-myon, Oegwi-myon, Iso-myon and Sijung-myon, which were split from Kanggye-gun.[2] Manpo had first been mentioned in 1424, in the Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty. During the Joseon Dynasty, fortresses and camps were built in this area, for which the city is now named after.[3]

GeographyEdit

Along the shores of the Yalu River, which various tributaries flow into, and the Kŏnp'o River are the small Kosan Plain and the Kŏnha Plain.

The yearly average temperature is 6.5 °C (43.7 °F); the January average temperature, −14.4 °C (6.1 °F); and the July average temperature, 23.6 °C (74.5 °F). The yearly average rainfall is 947.8 millimetres (37.31 in), generous due to the mountainous terrain.

The majority of Manpo are located at a lower height than the rest of Jagang Province, though the northeast and east do have areas of higher elevation, which gradually slopes down to the much lower areas along the banks of the Yalu River. Around 75.6% of the city is covered by forests.[4]

ClimateEdit

Manpo has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Manpo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
5.9
(42.6)
15.8
(60.4)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.3
(82.9)
27.8
(82.0)
22.2
(72.0)
15.4
(59.7)
4.9
(40.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
13.1
(55.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.9
(8.8)
−8.6
(16.5)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
15.4
(59.7)
20.1
(68.2)
23.4
(74.1)
22.9
(73.2)
16.2
(61.2)
8.8
(47.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
7.1
(44.7)
Average low °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.9
(35.4)
8.3
(46.9)
14.0
(57.2)
18.6
(65.5)
18.0
(64.4)
10.3
(50.5)
2.2
(36.0)
−5.1
(22.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
1.1
(34.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
20
(0.8)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
116
(4.6)
236
(9.3)
220
(8.7)
90
(3.5)
44
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
16
(0.6)
921
(36.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org [5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Manp'o is divided into 11 tong and 15 ri:

  • Kang'an-dong
  • Kogae-dong
  • Kunmak-tong
  • Kuo 1-dong
  • Kuo 2-dong
  • Kwanmun-dong
  • Mun'ak-dong
  • Ponghwa-dong
  • Pyŏl'o-dong
  • Saemaŭl-dong
  • Saemmul-dong
  • Segŏm-dong
  • Hambu-ri
  • Kosal-li
  • Kŏnha-ri
  • Kŏnjung-ri
  • Kŏnsang-ri
  • Mit'a-ri
  • Namsang-ri
  • Samgang-ri
  • Sipridong-ri
  • Songhak-ri
  • Tŭnggong-ri
  • Yŏnha-ri
  • Yŏnp'o-ri
  • Yŏnsang-ri

EconomyEdit

Lumber processing and transportation are well developed.

TransportationEdit

Man'po is connected to other cities in North Korea by road, and by the Unha, Manpo and Pukbunaeryuk lines of the Korean State Railway.

A new trolleybus line opened with its first phase in December 2019 from Kunmak-dong to Pyolo-dong.[6][7] The total length is around 5 km.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ . Pyongyang: Rodong Sinmun. April 10, 2020 https://rodong.rep.kp/ko/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_01&newsID=2020-05-30-0011. Retrieved 10 January 2021. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "북한지역정보넷". www.cybernk.net. Retrieved 2021-12-02.
  3. ^ "북한지역정보넷". www.cybernk.net. Retrieved 2021-12-02.
  4. ^ "북한지역정보넷". www.cybernk.net. Retrieved 2021-12-03.
  5. ^ "Climate: Manpo". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  6. ^ "목숨처럼 지켜야 할 본태". www.uriminzokkiri.com. Retrieved 2021-01-25.
  7. ^ "당의 령도업적을 빛내이는 사업에 힘을 넣어". Rodong Sinmun.
  8. ^ "Manpo". transphoto.org. Retrieved 2021-01-25.

Further readingEdit

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External linksEdit