Manon des Sources (1986 film)
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Manon des Sources (French pronunciation: [manɔ̃ de suʁs]; meaning Manon of the Spring) is a 1986 French language period tragedy[excessive citations] film. Directed by Claude Berri, it is the second of two films adapted from the 1966 two-volume novel by Marcel Pagnol, who wrote it based on his own earlier film of the same title. It is the sequel to Jean de Florette. It won an award[specify] in 1989 as best French film.
|Manon des Sources|
|Directed by||Claude Berri|
|Produced by||Pierre Grunstein|
|Written by||Claude Berri|
|Music by||Jean-Claude Petit|
|Edited by||Hervé de Luze|
|Distributed by||Pathé Distribution (EU)|
Orion Classics (USA)
|Box office||56.4 million €|
Following the events of Jean de Florette, Manon, the daughter of Jean, is living in the countryside of Provence near Les Romarins, the farm that her father once owned. She has taken up residence with an elderly Piedmontese squatter couple who teach her to live off the land, tending to a herd of goats and hunting for birds and rabbits. Ugolin Soubeyran, also called Galinette (only by his uncle César), has begun a successful business growing carnations at Les Romarins with his uncle, César Soubeyran—also known as Papet—thanks to the water provided by the spring there.
After seeing her bathe nude in the mountains, Ugolin develops an interest in Manon. When he approaches her, she seems disgusted by his vileness and almost certainly by the memory of his involvement in her father's downfall. But Ugolin's interest in Manon becomes obsessive, culminating in sewing a ribbon from her hair onto his chest. At the same time, Manon becomes interested in Bernard, a handsome and educated schoolteacher recently arrived in the village. As a small child, Manon had suffered the loss of her father, who died from a blow to the head while using explosives in an attempt to find the water source. César and Ugolin then bought the farm cheaply from his widow—Manon's mother—and unblocked the spring. Manon witnessed this as a child. The two men profited directly from his death.
When she overhears two villagers talking about it, Manon realises that many in the village knew of the crime but had remained silent, for the Soubeyran family was locally important. While searching for a goat that fell into a crevice above the village, Manon finds the underground source of the spring that supplies water to the local farms and village. To take her revenge on both the Soubeyrans and the villagers, who knew but did nothing, she stops the flow of water using the iron-oxide clay and rocks found nearby.
The villagers quickly become desperate for water to feed their crops and run their businesses. They come to believe that the water flow had been stopped by some Providence to punish the injustice committed against Jean. Manon publicly accuses César and Ugolin, and the villagers admit their own complicity in the persecution of Jean. They had never accepted him, as he was an outsider and was physically deformed. César tries to evade the accusations, but an eyewitness, a poacher who was trespassing on the vacant property at the time, steps forward to confirm the crime, shaming both César and Ugolin. Ugolin makes a desperate attempt to ask Manon for her hand in marriage, but she rejects him. The Soubeyrans flee in disgrace. Rejected by Manon, Ugolin commits suicide by hanging himself from a tree, apparently ending the Soubeyran line.
The villagers appeal to Manon to take part in a religious procession to the village's fountain, hoping that acknowledging the injustice will restore the flow of water to the village. With the assistance of Bernard, Manon unblocks the spring in advance, and the water arrives at the village at the moment that the procession reaches the fountain. Manon marries Bernard.
Meanwhile, César has been broken by his nephew's suicide. Delphine, an old acquaintance of his, returns to the village and tells him that Florette, his sweetheart from that period, had written to him to tell him she was carrying their child. Receiving no reply from him, she had tried to abort it. Florette left the village, married a blacksmith from nearby Créspin, and the child was born alive but a hunchback.
César, away on military service in Africa, never received her letter and did not know that she had given birth to his child. In a cruel twist of fate, Jean, the man he drove to desperation and death without having met him, was the son he had always wanted. Realizing now she is related to him, César sadly watches a pregnant Manon hurry home at night, wishing to reconcile with his only grandchild, but knowing it will never happen.
Devastated, and lacking the will to live any longer, César dies quietly in his sleep. In a letter he leaves his property to Manon, whom he recognises as his natural granddaughter and the last of the Soubeyrans.
The film was a domestic and international success, grossing nearly $4 million in US sales.
- Austin, Guy (1996). Contemporary French Cinema: An Introduction. Manchester University Press. Retrieved 17 April 2019 – via Google Books.
- Pagnol, Marcel (1963). Jean de Florette and Manon Des Sources. Retrieved 17 April 2019 – via Google Books.
- Sheehan, Sean (8 May 2012). Sophocles' 'Oedipus the King': A Reader's Guide. Bloomsbury Publishing. Retrieved 17 April 2019 – via Google Books.
- Rabel, Robert. "Oedipus in Provence: Jean De Florette and Manon of the Spring". muse.jhu.edu. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- Bernstein, Richard (21 July 1987). "FILM; FRANCE'S SAVORY TALE OF FATE". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
Mr. Berri, speaking of the two-part novel by Pagnol, said that it is on the level of the Greek tragedies. Its main characters toil and scheme, cheat and betray -and are then crushed by a fickle, unavoidable, ironic and tragic fate. But, being Pagnol, the novels, and Mr. Berri's movies, are Greek tragedies done in southern French style, set amid the pressed-flower landscapes and the dark, cluttered interiors of the parched hill country behind Marseilles, whose truculent, rude, individualistic peasants provided Pagnol with his best material.
- "THE WATER OF THE HILLS". www.siskelfilmcenter.org. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
A model of superb, carefully constructed storytelling, the two films were co-scripted by frequent Roman Polanski collaborator Gerard Brach (REPULSION, THE TENANT), who no doubt helped to keep the edge in Pagnol’s rural tragedy.
- Robinson, Tasha (8 August 2007). "Jean De Florette / Manon Of The Spring". avclub.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
Manon takes up the story much later, when the hunchback's young daughter is a grown woman (Emmanuelle Béart), embittered by what she's learned about Montand and Auteuil, but not realizing the full extent of their treachery. When Auteuil sees her bathing naked and helplessly falls for her—positioning her as Montand's one chance to extend his beloved bloodline—the conspirators suddenly need their victim's goodwill, and the stage is set for a tragedy of Greek proportions, with a heavy dose of poetic justice.
- Alexander, Theo (30 May 2013). "Jean de Florette and Manon de Sources". www.unsungfilms.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
A tale of tragedy; a demonstration of life’s worst and of injustice at its purest, undiluted and unrelenting – and shortly afterwards, a deeply satisfying revenge.
- Ebert, Roger (23 December 1987). "MANON OF THE SPRING". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
All of this takes place with the implacable pace of a Greek tragedy.
- "MANON OF THE SPRING". www.institut-francais.org.uk. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
The characters can no longer escape their destiny, one worthy of a great Greek tragedy.
- "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema – 60. Jean de Florette". Empire.
- KLADY, LEONARD (8 January 1989). "Box Office Champs, Chumps : The hero of the bottom line was the 46-year-old 'Bambi'". Retrieved 16 December 2017 – via LA Times.