Manolo Fortich

Manolo Fortich, officially the Municipality of Manolo Fortich (Bukid and Higaonon: Banuwa ta Manolo Fortich; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Manolo Fortich; Tagalog: Bayan ng Manolo Fortich), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 100,210 people. [3]

Manolo Fortich
Municipality of Manolo Fortich
Mangima Canyon at Maluko, Manolo Fortich
Mangima Canyon at Maluko, Manolo Fortich
Official seal of Manolo Fortich
Adventure Capital of Bukidnon
Map of Bukidnon with Manolo Fortich highlighted
Map of Bukidnon with Manolo Fortich highlighted
Manolo Fortich is located in Philippines
Manolo Fortich
Manolo Fortich
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°22′11″N 124°51′52″E / 8.36972°N 124.86444°E / 8.36972; 124.86444Coordinates: 8°22′11″N 124°51′52″E / 8.36972°N 124.86444°E / 8.36972; 124.86444
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao (Region X)
District1st District
FoundedApril 4, 1946
Barangays22 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorClive D. Quiño
 • Vice MayorMiguel D. Demata
 • CongressmanMa. Lourdes O. Acosta-Alba
 • Electorate60,755 voters (2019)
 • Total413.60 km2 (159.69 sq mi)
504 m (1,654 ft)
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total100,210
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence35.73% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱289,969,702.89 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesBinukid
Ata Manobo

Manolo Fortich used to be known as Maluko; it was renamed in 1957. Maluko also happens to be the name of one of the municipality's barangay.[5]


Before the coming of the Spaniards, the term "Bukidnon" referred to as the semi-sedentary indigenous inhabitants of the high plateaus and rugged mountain ranges of central Mindanao. The more prominent of these peoples were the "Manobos" who were the earliest settlers of this region. Located on the northern part of Bukidnon, is the Municipality of Manolo Fortich.

The MacArthur Monument in Barangay Diclum, the site of the World War II Del Monte Airfield from which Douglas MacArthur was evacuated to Australia from the Philippines after the fall of Corregidor and Bataan

The great pre-historic Asiatic migration was believed to have brought the early settlers of Bukidnon. It was theorized that they came from places of what is now known as Indonesia. Traveling by the sea, these migrants reached the gulf of Davao where some ventured further to areas of what is now known as Bukidnon and Misamis Oriental. The Asiatic beginnings of these people can be seen from their oral tradition and folktales, like the "Kalikat Hu Mga Elaw Dini Ta Mindanao" (Origin of the People of Mindanao). This folktale revolved on the story of two brothers from Asia "who crossed the seas" in their long journey "towards the east" which refers to the islands of the Philippines. The brothers reportedly landed in the island of Mindanao. With the region experiencing a drought, one of the brothers was forced to venture Northward in order to survive. He did this by following a dried up river to its almost dried up source, a lake. He settled and inter-married with the local inhabitants in the upstream of what is now known as Pulangi River. He and his family were considered as the ancestors of the present Bukidnons.

The Forest Camp in barangay Dahilayan

During the pre-historic era, the Bukidnons, also called Montesses or mountain-people, had settled in the area of what is now the Province of Bukidnon. These people have remained traditional till 1860 preserving most of their customs and traditions. Furthermore, these people had not been significantly influenced by the Spanish colonizers because of their isolation. The rugged mountain ranges and high plateaus which serve as home to these people presented an overwhelming obstacle to these colonizers. The Bukidnons undoubtedly have links to the culture predominant in the Southeast Asian region as evidenced by the similar customs and traditions. Their presence here can be traced to the early migration of these Asians throughout the region. Today, the surviving tribes inhabiting the mountains of Bukidnon still bear the culture they have inherited from their ancestors.

Manolo Fortich is named after Don Manolo Fortich, a provincial resident of Barrio Damilag being the first Governor (1902-1914) of the District of Bukidnon.

The original name of the Municipality is Maluko, was governed by Santiago Mambinonsad who was appointed as Alcalde de Barrio from 1922 to 1924. It was during the term of Ciriaco Asilan as Presidente del Barrio from 1926 to 1928, that the seat of government was transferred in Tankulan, which became the permanent seat of Municipal Government. Mayor Mateo Gumaling, was the first appointed mayor of Manolo Fortich and in 1940 Margarito Cabang became the first elected Mayor.

World War IIEdit

Manolo Fortich was captured by Japanese forces of the Kawamura Detachment on Cagayan on 6 May 1942. They advance further eastward two days later.


On August 16, 2018, Representative Maria Lourdes Acosta-Alba of Bukidnon's First District filed House Bill 8115, which aims for the cityhood of Manolo Fortich as a component city.[6]


Del Monte Pineapple fields with the Kitanglad Mountain Range in the background from Camp Phillips

The municipality of Manolo Fortich has a total area of 506.64 square kilometres (195.61 sq mi), accounting 6.1% of the total land area of the province of Bukidnon.

Manolo Fortich is situated in the northern part of the Province of Bukidnon. It is about 40 minutes away from the bustling commercial center of Cagayan de Oro City.

It is bounded in the north by Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental, and the Municipality of Malitbog. In the east by the Municipality of Sumilao, in the west by the Municipality of Libona and Baungon and in the south by the rugged ranges of Mount Kitanglad.


The climate is classified as belonging to type IV or Intermediate. It is characterized by a moderate dry season with average rainfall of about 2,000 millimetres (79 in). Its temperature is relatively cool and humid making the place suitable for production of any kind of crops. Production of high valued crops, which include vegetables, cut flowers and ornamentals is a big potential in the area.

Climate data for Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
Average low °C (°F) 21
Average precipitation mm (inches) 271
Average rainy days 23.2 19.5 22.0 22.8 29.6 28.9 30.3 29.8 28.1 28.8 26.1 24.1 313.2
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.)[7]


Manolo Fortich political map

Manolo Fortich is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[8]
101314001 Agusan Canyon 10.0% 9,985 9,850 0.26%
101314002 Alae 9.1% 9,135 8,552 1.26%
101314003 Dahilayan 1.7% 1,743 1,527 2.55%
101314004 Dalirig 4.8% 4,844 3,541 6.15%
101314005 Damilag 11.7% 11,713 11,385 0.54%
101314006 Dicklum 4.0% 4,033 3,731 1.49%
101314007 Guilang‑guilang 1.2% 1,247 1,152 1.52%
101314008 Kalugmanan 3.7% 3,684 2,986 4.08%
101314009 Lindaban 2.3% 2,325 2,017 2.74%
101314010 Lingion 6.3% 6,336 5,496 2.75%
101314011 Lunocan 7.3% 7,346 6,341 2.84%
101314012 Maluko 4.1% 4,125 3,871 1.22%
101314013 Mambatangan 4.3% 4,349 3,248 5.72%
101314014 Mampayag 1.3% 1,334 1,312 0.32%
101314015 Minsuro 1.0% 981 870 2.31%
101314016 Mantibugao 3.2% 3,185 2,678 3.36%
101314017 Tankulan (Poblacion) 8.7% 8,711 7,907 1.86%
101314018 San Miguel 4.9% 4,867 4,524 1.40%
101314019 Sankanan 3.7% 3,737 3,287 2.47%
101314020 Santiago 1.6% 1,554 2,066 −5.28%
101314021 Santo Niño 3.7% 3,704 3,445 1.39%
101314023 Ticala 1.3% 1,272 1,240 0.49%
Total 100,210 91,026 1.85%


Population census of Manolo Fortich
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 3,780—    
1939 7,677+3.43%
1948 9,560+2.47%
1960 16,833+4.83%
1970 27,159+4.89%
1975 31,840+3.24%
1980 42,493+5.94%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 61,329+3.74%
1995 67,400+1.78%
2000 74,252+2.10%
2007 82,051+1.39%
2010 91,026+3.85%
2015 100,210+1.85%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]

In the 2015 census, the population of Manolo Fortich was 100,210 people, [3] with a density of 240 inhabitants per square kilometre or 620 inhabitants per square mile.

In the 2010 census, the population of the municipality was 91,026 people, up from 82,051 in 2007. Manolo Fortich belongs to a very low-density area which has only approximately 162 persons per square kilometre. The urban population is confined in barangays Agusan Canyon, Damilag and Tankulan.

Ethnic originEdit

There are three major ethnic groups in Manolo Fortich and they are the Higaonon, Talaandig and the Cebuano-Bohol ethnic groups. the latter were mostly migrants from Cebu and Bohol who came to work as agricultural laborers in the plantation and orchard farms of the highland plateau, about 55% of the residents are Higaonons who are indigenous people in the area.


Cebuano, a Visayan language, is the major spoken language of the town. In the upland barangay plateau areas of Dahilayan, Guilang-guilang, Kalugmanan, Santiago and Ticala, the Higa-onons and Talaandigs speak their indigenous language called "Binukid".


Del Monte in Camp Phillips

While Del Monte Philippines' manufacturing plant is located in nearby Cagayan de Oro, yet its pineapple plantation is located in the municipality specifically in Camp Phillips Road, Barangay Agusan Canyon while the company's clubhouse is located at Barangay San Miguel, still in Camp Phillips Road. The Del Monte Golf Course & Country Club on the other hand is located in Sitio Cawayanon, Barangay San Miguel. Just a few meters from the golf course is the Del Monte School, still located in Sitio Cawayanon. The Cawayanon Compound also located in Sitio Cawayanon is a residential area mostly inhabited by Del Monte employees.

Natural resourcesEdit

The Dahilayan Adventure Park is located in the municipality. The park is popular for its single and dual zip-lines, drop zones, Sky Tower Base Jump (the highest of its kind in the country), "Python Roller Zipride" (the first of its kind in Asia) and the "Flying Lizard" canopy glider. The park's dual zipline has 840 meters in length making it Asia's longest dual zip-line.

Water/drainage systemsEdit

Manolo Fortich has three major river systems crisscrossing the upstream and downstream agricultural lands. These are the Tagoloan, Mangima and Agusan Rivers, which serve as natural boundaries and drainage of excess water and run-off from around the municipality. The other rivers of the municipality are, among others: Dicklum, Kumaykay, Guihian, Tasaon and Kulaman Rivers. The river systems also serve as sources of potable water supply for domestic use. About 26 creeks spread across nine barangays in the municipality.


Forest areas in Manolo Fortich are found in two barangays along the Mt. Kitanglad Range. Mt. Kitanglad hosts a diverse species of flora and fauna, many of them rare and endemic, making it a potential for tourism and bio-diversity research.


The major metallic mineral found in the municipality is chromite and the non-metallic includes semi-precious stones. Also available are clay, limestone, feldspar, silica quartz and schist.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Municipality of Manolo Fortich | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Bukidnon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Maluko, Province of Bukidnon, to Municipality of Manolo Fortich". Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  6. ^ Sablad, Jo Ann (August 21, 2018). "Lawmaker files bill to make Manolo Fortich a city". SunStar. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  7. ^ "Manolo Fortich: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Bukidnon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit