Manimuzhakkam (lit. 'The Tolling of Bells') is a 1976 Malayalam-language film directed by P. A. Backer and starring Harikeshan Thampi, Veeran, Johnson, Sankaradi, Saritha, Urmila, Vani, Charulatha, Santhakumari and Meena Ganesh. This is the debut film of Sreenivasan.[1][2] The film was scripted by Backer based on the novel Murippaadukal by Sarah Thomas.[3] It won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam and the Kerala State Film Award for Best Film. The film was shot in black-and-white even though colour films were common during those times.

Directed byP. A. Backer
Produced byCartoonist Thomas
Written byP. A. Backer (screenplay)
Sarah Thomas (story & dialogues)
StarringHarikeshan Thampi
Music byDevarajan
Edited byRavi Kiran
Release date
  • 30 April 1976 (1976-04-30)

Plot summaryEdit

Jose Paul is a young man brought up in a Roman Catholic orphanage and later transferred to his Hindu ancestral home, where he is subtly persuaded to conform to Hindu religious beliefs. The film chronicles Jose's attempts to establish an identity for himself in a situation full of conflicts.



  1. ^ Narwekar, Sanjit (1994). Directory of Indian film-makers and films. Flicks Books. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-313-29284-2.
  2. ^ Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Paul Willemen (1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-85170-455-5.
  3. ^ J.Ajith Kumar (14 September 2004). "Writing for all of humanity ". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 January 2013.

External linksEdit