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The Manili massacre refers to the mass murder of 70[1]-79[2] Moro Muslims, including women and children, committed in a mosque in Manili, Carmen, North Cotabato, Philippines on June 19, 1971.[3] The Muslim residents of the town had gathered in their mosque to participate in a supposed peace talk with Christian groups when a group of armed men dressed in uniforms similar to those worn by members of the Philippine Constabulary opened fire on them.[3]

Manili massacre
Part of the Moro conflict
Carmen, North Cotabato is located in Philippines
Carmen, North Cotabato
Carmen, North Cotabato
Carmen, North Cotabato (Philippines)
LocationManili, Carmen, North Cotabato, Philippines
Coordinates7°23′N 124°49′E / 7.38°N 124.82°E / 7.38; 124.82Coordinates: 7°23′N 124°49′E / 7.38°N 124.82°E / 7.38; 124.82
DateJune 19, 1971 (UTC +8)
TargetFilipino Muslims
Attack type
Mass shooting
WeaponsSmall arms, hand grenade, bladed weapons
Deaths70[1]-79[2]
Injuries
17[1]
PerpetratorsIlaga
MotiveRevenge killing in retaliation for purported killing of Christians in earlier incidents[3]

It was suspected that the Ilaga militant group were the attack's perpetrators,[1] but there were also allegations that the Philippine Constabulary had collaborated with the Ilaga. No one was found culpable for the incident; Feliciano Lucas, also known as "Commander Toothpick", the Ilaga leader who was the prime suspect in the crime, was released after he "surrendered" to Ferdinand Marcos at the Malacañang Palace.[1] The incident resulted in increased hostilities between Moro Muslims and Christians.[4] In response to the incident, former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi provided military aid to the secessionist group Moro National Liberation Front.[4][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Mariveles, Julius D. "Mindanao: A memory of massacres". Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b Arguillas, Carolyn O. (28 January 2010). "De Lima: "Oooops, sorry, it's Ampatuan Massacre not Maguindanao Massacre". MindaNews. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Larousse, William (2001). A Local Church Living for Dialogue: Muslim-Christian Relations in Mindanao-Sulu, Philippines 1965-2000. Gregorian Biblical BookShop. p. 136. ISBN 8876528792.
  4. ^ a b Amer, Ramses (2013). Conflict Management and Dispute Settlement in East Asia. Ashgate Publishing. p. 66. ISBN 1409489345.
  5. ^ McKenna, Thomas M. (1998). Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. University of California. p. 155. ISBN 0520919645.