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Manifesta, the roving European Biennial of Contemporary Art, is a European pan-regional contemporary cultural biennale.[1]

Manifesta - European Biennial of Contemporary Art
Manifesta logo Large B&WII.jpg
Genrebiennale, focus on contemporary art
Frequencybiennial, every two year.
Organised byInternational Foundation Manifesta



The Manifesta Biennial Festival was created in 1994.

The 2006 edition of Manifesta was set to happen in Nicosia, Cyprus under the direction of Florian Waldvogel, Mai Abu ElDahab, and Anton Vidokle. In June 2006, Nicosia for Art, the city-run nonprofit organization sponsoring the exhibition, cancelled the event due to political turmoil around the green line of Nicosia.[2]

The 10th edition of Manifesta in Saint Petersburg in Russia created tensions as the government had just prohibited "gay propaganda".[3]


Year Edition Place Theme Curated by
1996 1st Rotterdam Katalyn Neray
Rosa Martinez
Viktor Misiano
Andrew Renton
Hans-Ulrich Obrist
1998 2nd Luxembourg Robert Fleck
Maria Lind
Barbara Vanderlinden
2000 3rd Ljubljana "Borderline Syndrome. Energies of Defence" Francesco Bonami
Ole Bouman
Maria Hlavajová
Kathrin Rhomberg
2002 4th Frankfurt Iara Boubnova
Nuria Enguita Mayo
Stéphanie Moisdon
2004 5th San Sebastián Massimiliano Gioni
Marta Kuzma
2006 6th Nicosia Cancelled[2] Florian Waldvogel
Mai Abu ElDahab
Anton Vidokle
2008 7th Fortezza/Franzenfeste




"100 Miles in 100 Days"[4] Adam Budak

Anselm Franke
Hila Peleg

Raqs Media Collective

2010 8th Murcia Alexandria Contemporary Arts Forum (ACAF)
Chamber of Public Secrets (CPS)
2012 9th Limburg Cuauhtémoc Medina
Dawn Adès
Katerina Gregos
2014 10th Saint Petersburg Kasper König[3][5]
2016 11th Zurich "What People Do for Money: Some Joint Ventures" Christian Jankowski
Francesca Gavin[6]
2018 12th Palermo "The Planetary Garden. Cultivating Coexistence" Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli
Mirjam Varadinis
Andrés Jaque
Bregtje van der Haak
2020 13th Marseille[7]
2022 14th Prishtina [8]


The Manifesta Biennial is owned and organized by Amsterdam-based International Foundation Manifesta (IFM).


  1. ^ Schroeder, Mariana (15 October 2010). "Touching the Taboo". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b Augustine Zenakos (7 June 2006). "Manifesta no more". Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b Coline Milliard (30 April 2014). "Controversial Manifesta 10 Organizers Condemn Artists Boycotts". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Italian Hours". 24 July 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  5. ^ Adrian Searle (30 June 2014). "The art world takes on Russia's regressive LGBT laws at Manifesta 10". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  6. ^ Tess Thackara (5 April 2016). "Michel Houellebecq and the Zurich Fire Brigade Are Among Unlikely Artists of Manifesta 11". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  7. ^ Mark Robert (6 May 2016). "Marseilles to host Manifesta in 2020". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Manifesta 14 to be hosted in Pristina, Kosovo, in 2022 « MANIFESTA". Retrieved 2019-05-03.

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