Mangal Bagh

Mangal Bagh (1973-2021),[1] also known as Mangal Bagh Afridi, was the leader and founder of Lashkar-e-Islam, a militant group operating in Pakistan and Afghanistan.[2] He was killed in a roadside bomb attack in Nangarhar, Afghanistan on 28 January 2021.

Personal lifeEdit

Bagh is from the Bara tehsil, and belongs to the Sepah Afridi tribe.[1] In his youth, he was ideologically affiliated with the Awami National Party (ANP) and used to wash cars at a taxi stand in Peshawar. Bagh then became a conductor of a bus operating between Bara and Peshawar and later became its driver.[3]

Bagh was not very educated as he attended only primary school in his native town.[3]

Militant activityEdit

Bagh was said to be a successor of Mufti Munir Shakir, a Deobandi cleric who established a pirate radio in Khyber Agency in 2004 after being ejected from Kurram Agency by tribal elders for inciting sectarian hostility. When Shakir was ejected from Khyber Agency, he turned over his radio station to Bagh, a local driver, and Bagh then formed the militant group Lashkar-e-Islam.[4]

Bagh-led Lashkar-e-Islam allied itself with Tehreek-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP). In 2008, Bagh and his militant group retreated to Afghanistan following a series of military operations conducted by the Pakistan army in Bara and later Tirah valley.[5]

During his stay in Afghanistan, Lashkar-e-Islam allied itself with Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS).[5] In 2016, an Afghan news outlet, Pajhwok News reported that Lashkar-e-Islam was gaining strength in Nangarhar after they allied themselves with ISIS. Nangarhar intelligence chief Maj. Gen. Dad Mohammad Harifi, however, said they had no evidence to prove if Mangal Bagh-led militants had ever attacked Afghan security posts in Nangarhar.[6]

Afghan Taliban sources said Mangal Bagh had once joined forces with the Afghan government-backed militia known as Arbaki to fight the Afghan Taliban in Nangarhar province.[5]


Bagh was killed in a roadside bomb attack in Nangarhar, Afghanistan on 28 January 2021.[7] No group or individual took responsibility for assassinating Bagh. Bagh's death was confirmed by Nangarhar’s Governor Zia-ul-Haq Amarkhel.[5]

His funeral was offered in Achin District, Afghanistan. A few of Bagh's close associates attending his funeral.[3]

Previous reports of deathEdit

On 22 July 2016, Mangal Bagh was reported to have been killed in a drone attack in Nangarhar province, Afghanistan.[8]

However, in May 2017, Inter-Services Public Relations tacitly admitted that reports of Bagh's death were false when they announced that Pakistani forces conducted an operation in Khyber Agency, killing several militants after receiving a tip-off relating to the presence of Bagh.[9]

Reports of Bagh's death were proven false when the United States added Bagh to the U.S. State Department's Rewards for Justice wanted list on March 7, 2018.[10]


  1. ^ a b Zaidi, Syed Manzar Abbas (2008-11-01). "A Profile of Mangal Bagh" (PDF). The Long War Journal. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  2. ^ Mir, Amir (Nov 2, 2011). "Khyber's new fanatical face under attack". Asia Times Online. Archived from the original on November 1, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2013.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ a b c "Blast in Afghanistan kills Mangal Bagh". Dawn News.
  4. ^ Sonya Fatah FM Mullahs Columbia Journalism Review August 2006 Archived September 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b c d "Mangal Bagh killed in Afghanistan". The News. 29 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Mangal Bagh group gaining strength in Nangarhar". Pajhwok News. 19 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Pakistan's top fugitive militant commander killed in Afghanistan blast". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  8. ^ "Mangal Bagh 'is dead'". 25 July 2016.
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