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The three genera of mangabeys are:
- Lophocebus, the crested mangabeys
- Rungwecebus, the highland mangabey (kipunji)
- Cercocebus, the white-eyelid mangabeys
Lophocebus and Cercocebus were once thought to be very closely related, so much so that all the species were in one genus. However, the species within genus Lophocebus are now thought to be more closely related to the baboons in genus Papio, while the species within genus Cercocebus are more closely related to the mandrill.
The single species in Rungwecebus was discovered in 2003.
- Jones, Trevor; Carolyn L. Ehardt; Thomas M. Butynski; Tim R. B. Davenport; Noah E. Mpunga; Sophy J. Machaga; Daniela W. De Luca (2005). "The Highland Mangabey Lopocebus kipunji: A New Species of African Monkey". Science. 308 (5725): 1161–1164. Bibcode:2005Sci...308.1161J. doi:10.1126/science.1109191. PMID 15905399. S2CID 46580799.