Manduul Khan

Manduul (also spelled Manduuluu, Manduyul or Manduyulun; Mongolian: Мандуул; Chinese: 滿都魯), (1438–1479) was a khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty, reigning from 1475 to 1479.[1] He was the younger half-brother of Taisun Khan.

Khagan of the Mongols
PredecessorMolon Khan
SuccessorDayan Khan
Died1479 (aged 40–41)
Full name
DynastyNorthern Yuan

Early lifeEdit

After the death of his nephew Molon Khan, the position remain vacant for nearly a decade as warring Mongol clans fought each other for dominance. Manduul Khan was married to Yeke Qabar-tu, daughter of the Turfan-based warlord Beg-Arslan, sometime between 1463 and 1465.[2] The two disliked each other, and their marriage produced no children.[2] In 1464, he also married Mandukhai, who was only sixteen years old at the time.[2] It was not until 1475 that Manduul Khan was finally crowned as the new khan. Manduul is the earliest Mongol chief known to have actually headed the Chakhar myriarchy.[3]


During his short rule, Manduul Khan successfully strengthened the power of khan and reduced the power of nobles, and paved the way for his adopted son and great-grandnephew Dayan Khan (Batu Möngke) who succeeded him as Manduul Khan had no direct male heirs, and most sources report that he had no children at all.[4]

In FictionEdit

Manduul's later life is also fictionalized in books one and two of the historical fiction Fractured Empire Saga, by Starr Z. Davies, published 2021-2022,[5] a four-book series: Daughter of the Yellow Dragon, Lords of the Black Banner, Mother of the Blue Wolf, Empress of the Jade Realm.

He is also a character who appears in the historical novel "Manduchai" written by German Author Tanja Kinkel in 2014.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Мандуул хаан". Монголын түүх 2016 он.
  2. ^ a b c Weatherford, Jack (2010). The secret history of the Mongol queens : how the daughters of Genghis Khan rescued his empire (1st ed.). New York: Crown Publishers. pp. 155–156. ISBN 9780307407153. OCLC 354817523.
  3. ^ Uradyn Erden Bulag-Nationalism and hybridity in Mongolia, p. 73.
  4. ^ Weatherford 2010, p. 159.
  5. ^ Fractured Empire Saga, by Starr Z. Davies, published 2021-2022
Manduul Khan
 Died: 1475-1479
Regnal titles
Preceded by Khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty
Succeeded by