Mandi State

Mandi State was a native state of British India, within the Punjab;[1] with Mandi, Himachal Pradesh as its capital. The state of Mandi (the name means "market" in Hindi), which included two towns and 3,625 villages, was part of the States of the Punjab Hills. It was located in the Himalayan range, bordering to the west, north, and east on the British Punjabi district of Kangra; to the south, on Suket; and to the southwest, on Bilaspur. As of 1941, population of Mandi State was 232,598 and area of the state was 1,139 square kilometres (440 sq mi).[2]

Mandi State
मण्डी रियासत
Princely State of British India
1290–1948
Flag of Mandi
Flag
Chamba Kangra Bilaspur Mandi Kulu 1911.jpeg
Princely States of the Shimla Hills, Mandi in the south (1911)
Area 
• 1941
2,950 km2 (1,140 sq mi)
Population 
• 1941
232,598
History 
• Established
1290
1948
Succeeded by
India
Today part ofHimachal Pradesh, India
Portrait of Ishwari Sen of Mandi

HistoryEdit

After 1204 once the Islamic invaders defeated the Sena dynasty in Gaur (Bengal), the royal family members fled to the hills and raja Bir Sen carved the state of Suket first. Later due to family feud Suket and Mandi were turned into two separate states. The last ruler of Mandi signed the accession to the Indian Union thus being incorporated into the State of Himachal Pradesh as Mandi district on 15 April 1948 with an area of 2,950 square kilometres (1,140 sq mi).[citation needed]

Ruling familyEdit

 
Playing horn at Palace Temple. Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India
 
Playing trumpet at temple. Mandi, Himachal Pradesh

The rulers bore the title of Raja.[3][4]

  • Raja Chhatar Sen, 2nd Raja of Mandi 1534/1554, married and had issue.
  • Raja Sahib Sen, 3rd Raja of Mandi 1554/1575 or 1534/1554, married Rani Prakash Devi, daughter of the Raja of Bilaspur, and had issue.
  • Raja Narain Sen, 4th Raja of Mandi 1575/1595 or 1554/1574
  • Raja Keshab Sen, 5th Raja of Mandi 1595/1616 or 1574/1604, married and had issue.
  • Raja Hari Sen, 6th Raja of Mandi 1616/1637 or 1604/1637, married and had issue. He died 1637 or 1623.
  • Raja Suraj Sen, 7th Raja of Mandi 1637/1664 or 1623/1658, married (amongst others), a daughter of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur, and had issue. He died March 1664.
  • Kumari (name unknown), married 1658
  • Raja Shyam Sen, 8th Raja of Mandi 1664/1679 or 1658/1673, married and had issue. He died in 1673 (or 1679), when five Ranis, two concubines and 37 slave girls committed sati.
  • Raja Gaur Sen, 9th Raja of Mandi 1679/1684 or 1673/1678, married (amongst others), a daughter of Raja Budhi Chand of Sirmur, and had issue, as well as illegitimate issue. He died 1684.
  • Raja Sidhi Sen, 10th Raja of Mandi 1684/1727 or 1678/1719, married and had issue. He died 1727.
  • Tikka Shiv Jawala Sen, married (amongst others), a daughter of the Rana of Hatli, and had issue. He died in 1703 or 1722.
  • Raja Shamsher Sen (by a daughter of the Rana of Hatli)
  • Raja Shamsher Sen, 11th Raja of Mandi 1727/1781, born 1722, married (amongst others), the daughter of Raja Ugar Singh of Chamba, and had issue. He died 1781.
  • Raja Surma Sen, 12th Raja of Mandi 1781/1788, married and had issue, as well as illegitimate issue. He died 1788.
  • Raja Ishwari Sen, 13th Raja of Mandi 1788/1826, born 1784, first marriage, a daughter of Mian Fateh Chand Katoch, second marriage, a daughter of Raja Uggar Singh of Bashahr. He died in 1826.
  • Raja Zalim Sen, 14th Raja of Mandi 1826/1839. He died in June 1839.
  • Raja Balbir Sen, 15th Raja of Mandi 1839/1851, born about 1817, married several wives, and had issue, as well as illegitimate issue. He died on 26 January 1851.
  • Raja Bijai Sen, 16th Raja of Mandi 1851/1902, born 1846; first marriage, 21 July 1859, a daughter of Raja Jagat Chand of Datarpur, second marriage, 25 July 1859, a daughter of Raja Jai Singh of Guler, third marriage, (name unknown), fourth marriage, a sister of Mian Kishan Singh Guleria, fifth marriage, a daughter of Mian Jagat Singh, sixth marriage, a daughter of Mian Hira (or Udham) Chand of Datarpur, and had issue, as well as natural issue. He died on 10 December 1902.
  • Raja Bhawani Sen, 17th Raja of Mandi 1902/1912, born 17 April 1883, educated at Aitchison Chiefs College, Lahore; married 1stly, a daughter of Kanwar Balbir Singh of Sirmur, married 2ndly, a daughter of Mian Surat Singh of Suket, married 3trdly, 1907, Rani Lalit Kumari, died 4 May 1938, daughter of Raja Prithvi Dhwaj Shah, Talukdar of Khairigarh-Singhai, and had issue. He died on 9 February 1912.
  • Interregnum 1912/1913
  • Maj. HH Raja Sir Joginder Sen Bahadur, 18th Raja of Mandi 1913/1986, son of Mian Kishan Singh Sahib, born 20 August 1904, educated at Queen Mary's College and Aitchison College, Lahore; Indian Ambassador to Brazil 1952/56; Member of Lok Sabha 1957/62; Honorary Lt.-Col. 3rd/17th Dogra Regiment and Bengal Sappers and Miners, married 1stly, about 1911, a daughter of Thakur Devi Singh of Delath, married 2ndly, 8 February 1923, HH Rani Amrit Kaur, born 1904, died 1948, daughter of Col. HH Farzand i-Dilband Rasikhul-Itiqad Daulat-i-Inglishia *Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala, and his wife, Rani Kanari, married 3rdly, 13 May 1930, Kumari Kusum Kumari [HH Rani Kusum Kumari of Mandi], born 27 August 1913, died June 1998, daughter of Kunwar Prithiraj Sinhji of Rajpipla, and had issue, two sons and two daughters. He died on 16 June 1986.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mandi" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 564.
  2. ^ Mandi Princely State (11 gun salute)
  3. ^ "Indian Princely States K-Z". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Indian states before 1947 K-W". www.rulers.org. Retrieved 29 August 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 31°42′25″N 76°55′54″E / 31.70694°N 76.93167°E / 31.70694; 76.93167