Man with No Name

The Man with No Name (Italian: Uomo senza nome) is the antihero character portrayed by Clint Eastwood in Sergio Leone's "Dollars Trilogy" of Spaghetti Western films: A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). He is recognizable by his poncho, brown hat, tan cowboy boots, fondness for cigarillos, and the fact that he rarely talks.[1]

Man with No Name
Dollars Trilogy character
Clint Eastwood1.png
Clint Eastwood as the Man with No Name in the film
For a Few Dollars More (1965)
First appearanceA Fistful of Dollars (1964)
Last appearanceThe Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)
Created byBob Robertson / Sergio Leone
Portrayed byClint Eastwood
In-universe information
Aliases
  • The Stranger
  • The Hunter
  • The Bounty Killer
  • Americano
  • Mister Sudden Death
  • Señor Ninguno
  • Nameless
  • No Name
Nicknames
  • "Joe" (A Fistful of Dollars)
  • "Manco" (For a Few Dollars More)
  • "Blondie"
    (The Good, the Bad and the Ugly)
OccupationBounty hunter
NationalityAmerican

While the character is universally known as "the Man with No Name", he was called "Joe" by another character, and listed in the credits as such, in the first film, and given nicknames by other characters in the other two[2]. Despite this, he never refers to himself with any moniker, and, when asked for a name in the third film, is reluctant to answer as the question is dismissed.

When Clint Eastwood was honored with the American Film Institute's Lifetime Achievement Award in 1996, Jim Carrey gave the introductory speech and said: "'The Man with No Name' had no name, so we could fill in our own."[3] In 2008, Empire chose the Man with No Name as the 43rd greatest movie character of all time.[4]

Concept and creationEdit

A Fistful of Dollars was directly adapted from Akira Kurosawa's Yojimbo (1961). It was the subject of a lawsuit by Yojimbo's producers which was eventually settled out of court.[5] Yojimbo's protagonist, an unconventional rōnin (a Samurai with no master) played by Toshiro Mifune, bears a striking resemblance to Eastwood's character: both are quiet, gruff, eccentric strangers with a strong but unorthodox sense of justice and extraordinary proficiency with a particular weapon (in Mifune's case, a katana; in Eastwood's, a revolver).[citation needed]

Like Eastwood's western setting character, Mifune plays a rōnin with no name. When pressed, he gives the pseudonym Sanjuro Kuwabatake (meaning "Thirty-year-old Mulberry-field"), a reference to his age and something he sees through a window. The convention of hiding the character's arms from view is shared as well, with Mifune's character typically wearing his arms inside his kimono, leaving the sleeves empty.[6] Prior to signing on to Fistful, Eastwood had seen Kurosawa's film and was impressed by the character.[7] During filming, he did not emulate Mifune's performance beyond what was already in the script. He also insisted on removing some of the dialogue in the original script, making the character more silent and thus adding to his mystery. As the trilogy progressed, the character became even more silent and stoic.[citation needed]

The "Man with No Name" sobriquet was actually applied after the films were made, and was a marketing device used by distributor United Artists to promote the three films together in the United States film market.[8]

Actual names or monikersEdit

  • In A Fistful of Dollars, he is called "Joe" by the undertaker, Piripero, and Eastwood's role is credited as "Joe".
  • In For a Few Dollars More, he is called "Manco" (Spanish for "one-armed"; in fact, in the original Italian-language version he is called "il Monco", a dialectal expression meaning "the One-armed one") because he does everything left-handed, except for shooting[citation needed].
  • In The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, Tuco calls him "Blondie" ("il Biondo", meaning "the Blonde one", in Italian) for his light hair. He is also "the Good" ("il Buono", as a writings over freeze frames remember) from which the film receives its name. The original screenplay however uses his name from the first film to refer to him.
  • In the Dollars book series, he is also known as "The Hunter", "The Bounty Killer", "Mister Sudden Death", "Nameless", "No Name" and "Señor Ninguno" or its literal translation "Mr. Nobody".[citation needed]

LiteratureEdit

The popularity of the characters brought about a series of spin-off books, dubbed the "Dollars" series due to the common theme in their titles:

  • A Fistful of Dollars, film novelization by Frank Chandler
  • For a Few Dollars More, film novelization by Joe Millard
  • The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, film novelization by Joe Millard
  • A Coffin Full of Dollars by Joe Millard
  • A Dollar to Die For by Brian Fox
  • The Devil's Dollar Sign by Joe Millard
  • The Million-Dollar Bloodhunt by Joe Millard
  • Blood For a Dirty Dollar by Joe Millard

A Coffin Full of Dollars provides some background history; when he was young, The Man with No Name was a ranch hand who was continually persecuted by an older hand named Carvell. The trouble eventually led to a shootout between the two with Carvell being outdrawn and killed; however, an examination of Carvell's body revealed a scar which identified him as Monk Carver, a wanted man with a $1,000 bounty. After comparing the received bounty with his $10-a-month ranch pay, the young cowhand chose to change his life and become a bounty hunter.

In July 2007, American comic book company Dynamite Entertainment announced that they were going to begin publishing a comic book featuring the character, titled The Man With No Name. Set after the events of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, the comic is written by Christos Gage. Dynamite refers to him as "Blondie", the nickname Tuco uses for him in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.[9] The first issue was released in March 2008, entitled, The Man with No Name: The Good, The Bad, and The Uglier.[10] Luke Lieberman and Matt Wolpert took over the writing for issues #7-11.[11][12] Initially, Chuck Dixon was scheduled to take over the writing chores with issue #12, but Dynamite ended the series and opted to use Dixon's storyline for a new series titled The Good, The Bad and The Ugly.[13] The new series is not an adaptation of the movie, despite its title. After releasing eight issues, Dynamite abandoned the series.[citation needed]

References and homages in other worksEdit

  • The 1992 Commodore CDTV video game The Town with No Name has the main character named after the famous Clint Eastwood character, though he bears no actual resemblance to him. Another unnamed character is actually based on the character.
  • A 1998 TV movie called Dollar for the Dead, was advertised as a "tribute to Sergio Leone". Emilio Estevez stars as a nameless gunslinger similar to the Man with No Name.
  • The character who is initially only referred to as "Stranger" from the game Oddworld: Stranger's Wrath, bears several similarities to The Man with No Name. He is a bounty hunter with a very similar costume, has stoic, mysterious personality, and speaks only when needed.
  • Jotaro Kujo, protagonist of Part 3 of the long-running manga series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, "Stardust Crusaders", was inspired by The Man with No Name. Author Hirohiko Araki met Eastwood in 2012 as part of the series' 25th anniversary celebration and presented him with an original framed Jotaro Kujo illustration; in return, Eastwood recreated one of the character's signature poses.[14]
  • Boba Fett, an antagonist from George Lucas' Star Wars film series, was based on The Man with No Name, according to Jeremy Bulloch, the actor who portrayed him, from his mannerisms to his green-on-white armor that has the same color scheme as The Man's poncho.[15]
  • The Back to the Future trilogy (1985-1990) notoriously references Eastwood's portrayal of the Man with No Name, especially in the third film, in which's 1885 setting Marty McFly inspires himself to Eastwood (also using the actor's name as a pseudonym), most notably during the gunfight against Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen, in which Marty imitates the Man with No Name's notorious bulletproof vest technique from his famous gunfight with Ramòn Rojo in A Fistful of Dollars (which is also featured, in an edited version, in the preceding film).[16]
  • Vincent Canby described Fred Williamson's character in the blaxploitation film Boss Nigger as "an immensely self-assured parody" of the Man with No Name character.[17]
  • Roland Deschain, the primary protagonist of Stephen King's The Dark Tower book series, is heavily inspired by The Man with No Name. In The Dark Tower VI: Song of Susannah, King, who appears as a character in the book, makes the comparison when he calls Roland a "fantasy version of Clint Eastwood."[18]
  • The 2011 animated Western film Rango mentions multiple times a character named "the Spirit of the West", a sort of mythical figure among the inhabitants of the town of Dirt, who conducts an "alabaster carriage", protected by "golden guardians". Near the end of the film, the titular character meets the Spirit (voiced by Timothy Olyphant) who appears to him as what is implied to be an elderly version of either Eastwood or the Man with No Name (although that is not explicitly stated, except for Rango mentioning that that was once the Spirit's appearance's moniker), with the carriage being a golf cart and the guardians being Academy Awards-like statuettes.[19]
  • An episode of The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh called "The Good, the Bad, and the Tigger" slightly parodies the character, with Tigger declaring himself as "The Tigger with No Name", while Pooh declares himself as "The Pooh with A Name".
  • In Adam and the Ants' video for their single Prince Charming, Eastwood as the Man With No Name is one of four characters (along with Alice Cooper, Rudolph Valentino as Sheik Ahmed Ben Hassan and Marlon Brando as Vito Corleone) all portrayed by lead singer Adam Ant, seen delivering the concluding refrain "Prince Charming, Prince Charming, Ridicule is nothing to be scared of," directly to the camera.
  • Eastwood's son, Scott who bears a striking resemblance to his father, dressed up as his father's character in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly for a Halloween charity event in 2016.[20]
  • Flint Shrubwood, the bounty hunter hired by Duke Ightorn from an episode of Adventures of the Gummi Bears, called "For a Few Sovereigns More", is a parody of both The Man with No Name and Clint Eastwood.[21]
  • An episode of Time Squad called "Billy The Baby" features The Man with No Name as a ruthless sheriff chasing the Time Squad, who is teaching Billy the Kid to be a proper bandit.[22]
  • The Man With No Name was featured in Disney Hollywood Studios’ “The Great Movie Ride” until its closure in 2017.
  • The 2018 video game Red Dead Online features a bounty hunter known as the "Woman With No Name", who is reminiscent of the Man With No Name in both moniker and profession.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Christos Gage on The Man With No Name".
  2. ^ Curti, Roberto (August 2, 2016). Tonino Valerii: The Films. McFarland. p. 208. ISBN 9781476626185. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  3. ^ Ditka, Elaine (March 2, 1996). "In the Line of Clint's Praises at AFI Salute". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  4. ^ "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters". Empire. 5 December 2006. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015.
  5. ^ "A Fistful of Dollars and Yojimbo". Side B Magazine. 14 April 2011. Archived from the original on January 7, 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  6. ^ Ebert, Roger (10 April 2005). "Yojimbo". RogerEbert.com.
  7. ^ From an interview conducted for a DVD documentary on Kurosawa
  8. ^ Prickette, James (2012). Actors of the Spaghetti Westerns. p. 287. ISBN 9781469144290.
  9. ^ Brady, Matt (15 August 2008). "Christos Gage on The Man With No Name". Newsarama. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  10. ^ Brady, Matt (28 April 2009). "First Look: Dynamite's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly #1". Newsarama. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  11. ^ Brady, Matt (19 August 2008). "The Man With No Name's New Team: Lieberman & Wolpert". Newsarama. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  12. ^ Phegley, Kiel (23 October 2008). "New Writers on The Man With No Name". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  13. ^ Brady, Matt (20 August 2008). "Chuck Dixon to Write The Man With No Name". Newsarama. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  14. ^ Sherman, Jennifer (14 October 2012). "Jojo's Bizarre Adventure Creator Meets Clint Eastwood". AnimeNewsNetwork. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  15. ^ Young, Bryan. "THE CINEMA BEHIND STAR WARS: THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY". StarWars.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  16. ^ https://backtothefuture.fandom.com/wiki/A_Fistful_of_Dollars
  17. ^ Canby, Vincent (1975-02-27). "'Boss Nigger,' Black Western, Proves a Surprise". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  18. ^ 1947-, King, Stephen (2004). Song of Susannah. Anderson, Darrel. (1st trade ed.). Hampton Falls, N.H.: Donald M. Grant, Publisher. ISBN 9781416521495. OCLC 55492007.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  19. ^ Breznican, Anthony (2011-03-06). "Johnny Depp's 'Rango': Its top six riffs on classic movies". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  20. ^ "You Gotta See Scott Eastwood's Halloween Costume Inspired by His Dad". E! Online.
  21. ^ "Disney's Adventures of The Gummi Bears: Volume 1 DVD Review". DVDizzy.com. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Time Squad Talkback: "Billy The Baby/Father Figure of Our Country" (Spoilers Here!)". Anime Superhero. Retrieved 3 March 2020.