Mamuret-ul-Aziz Vilayet

  (Redirected from Mamuretülaziz Vilayet)

The Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz,[dn 1] also referred to as Harput Vilayet (Armenian: Խարբերդի վիլայեթ Kharberd) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was also one of the Six vilayets. The vilayet was located between Euphrates and Murat river valleys. To the northwest was Sivas Vilayet.

Mamuret-ul-Aziz Vilayet
ولايت معمورة العزيز
Vilayet-i Ma'muretül'aziz
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
1879–1923
CUINET(1892) 2.339 Mamuret-ul-Aziz Vilayet.jpg
The Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz in 1892
CapitalMezereh[1]
Population 
• Muslim, 1914[2]
446,379
• Greek, 1914[2]
971
• Armenian, 1914[2]
79,821
History 
• Established
1879
• Disestablished
1923
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Diyarbekir Vilayet
Turkey

HistoryEdit

The vilayet was created in 1879-80 from a part of the Diyarbekir Vilayet that included Malatya.[3] In 1888 by an imperial order Hozat Vilayet was joined to Mamuret ul-Aziz.[4]

Rev. Dr. Herman N. Barnum account of Harpoot in the 1800s,

DemographicsEdit

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 14,614 square miles (37,850 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 575,314.[6] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[6]

In 1912, according to the Russian statistics the vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz had 450,000 residents; 168,000 were Armenians, 182,000 were Turks, 95,000 were Kurds and 5,000 were Syriac Orthodox.[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sanjaks of the vilayet:[8]

  1. Mamuret-ul-Aziz Sanjak (Elâzığ, Kemaliye, Arapgir, Pütürge)
  2. Malatya Sanjak (Malatya, Besni, Adıyaman, Kâhta, Akçadağ)
  3. Dersim Sanjak (Hozat, Tunceli, Çemişgezek, Akpazar, Ovacık, Nazımiye, Mazgirt)

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz, Redhouse Yeni Türkçe-İngilizce Sözlük, On İkinci Basım, Redhouse Yayınevi, 1991, ISBN 975-413-022-1, p. 729, Ma'mûretü'l-Azîz, Ma'muretül Aziz or Mamûretü'l-Azîz (Ottoman: ولايت معمورة العزيزVilâyet-i Ma'muretül'azizor معمورة العزيز ولايتىMa'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti, Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti Salnamesi (The Yearbook of the Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz), 1894, Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti Salnamesi "Yearbook of the Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz"), Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyet matbaası, [Elazığ], 1312 [1894]. in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Library.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World. Concept Publishing Company. p. 1104. ISBN 978-81-7268-012-1. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "1914 Census Statistics" (PDF). Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  3. ^ Mesrob K. Krikorian (1 January 1977). Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire: 1860-1908. Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-7100-8564-1. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  4. ^ Mesrob K. Krikorian (1 January 1977). Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire: 1860-1908. Routledge. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7100-8564-1. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  5. ^ Rev. Dr.Herman Norton Barnum. The Missionary Herald vol. 88. pp. 144–147.
  6. ^ a b Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
  7. ^ "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1916" by JAMES VISCOUNT BRYCE, London, T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1916
  8. ^ Mamûretu’l Aziz (Elazığ) Vilâyeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet

External linksEdit

Hogarth, David George (1911). "Kharput" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 772–773.