Mamluk Ali Nanautawi
Mamluk Ali Nanautawi (also written as Mamluk al-Ali Nanautawi) (1789–7 October 1851) was an Indian Sunni Muslim scholar who served as the Head Teacher of Arabic language at the Zakir Husain Delhi College. His notable students include Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi, Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi.
Mamluk Ali Nanautawi
|Died||7 October 1851(aged 61–62)|
|Resting place||Mehdiyan, Delhi, India|
|Children||Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi (son)|
|Relatives||Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri (grandson)|
Birth and educationEdit
Mamluk Ali Nanautawi was born in 1789 into the Siddiqi family of Nanauta. Not much has been found on the primary education of Nanautawi. However it is said that he may have completed his primary education from the elders of his family. Nūr al-Hasan Rāshid Kāndhlawi assumes that Nanautawi's studies might have taken place under the supervision of Nanautawi students[a] of Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh namely Abdur Rahmān and Abdur Raheem. He completed his middle studies under Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh Kāndhlawi and Muhammad Qalandar Jalālābadi. He is reported to have studied one discourse with Shah Abdul Aziz. There is another narration stating that he studied from Abdullah Khan Alvi. He completed his higher studies under Rasheed-ud-Dīn Khan.
After completing his studies, Mamluk Ali started teaching in Delhi. In June 1825, he was appointed as a lecturer of Arabic in Zakir Husain Delhi College and was promoted to the post of head teacher on 8 November 1841. He continued as the head teacher of this college throughout his life. Besides teaching the books on rational sciences, Arabic language, fiqh, he also taught the books of Sihah Sittah.
- Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi, Founder of Darul Uloom Deoband
- Syed Ahmad Khan, Founder of Aligarh Muslim University. [b]
- Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, Hanafi jurist.
- Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi, First Principal of Darul Uloom Deoband.
- Nazir Ahmad Dehlvi, Father of Urdu novel.
- Muhammad Mazhar Nanautawi
- Ahmad Ali Saharanpuri, Hadīth scholar
- Zulfiqar Ali Deobandi (Co-founder of Darul Uloom Deoband and father of Mahmud Hasan Deobandi)
- Fazlur Rahman Deobandi (Co-founder of Darul Uloom Deoband and father of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani)
- Muhammad Munir Nanautawi (Former VC of Deoband)
- Zakaullah Dehlvi
Death and legacyEdit
Nanautawi died of jaundice on 7 October 1851 and was buried in Munhadiyan, New Delhi near the graveyard of Shah Waliullah Dehlawi. His son Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi served as the first Principal of Darul Uloom Deoband. Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi, the founder of Darul Uloom Deoband studied most of his books with Mamluk Ali. Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, the author of Badhl al-Majhud, an eighteen volume commentary on Sunan Abu Dawud was Nanautawi's grandson.
Syed Ahmad Khan, the founder of Aligarh Muslim University commended him saying that, "the memory that Mamlūk Ali possessed was so profound that if per chance the entire library of knowledge was lost, Mawlāna would have once again written it all down from the treasure chest of his memory."
- Nanautavi students here refers to the students of Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh who hailed from Nanuata, namely Abdur Rahmān and Abdur Raheem.
- This claim has however been rejected by Nūr al-Hasan Rāshid Kāndhlawi. He says that, "some scholars have stated that Syed Ahmad Khan also studied under Mamlūk Ali, but it is baseless and we could not trace any proof to prove it.
- KZN 2020, p. 35.
- Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 125.
- Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 127.
- KZN 2020, p. 37.
- Kāndhlawi 2000, pp. 136–137.
- Adrawi 2016, p. 246.
- Khan, pp. 455–456.
- Rizwi 1980, pp. 73–75.
- Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 149.
- Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 150.
- KZN 2020, p. 40.
- Rizwi 1981, p. 126.
- Adrawi 2015, p. 59.
- Muhammad Zakariya Kandhalawi. "Hadhrat Aqdas Mawlāna al-Haaj Khalīl Ahmad". Tarikh-i Mashā'ikh-i Chisht [The Mashāyikh of Chisht: The Spiritual Tree (Shajarah) and Life Episodes of the Noble Auliya and Mashāyikh of Chisht]. Translated by Majlisul Ulama of South Africa.
- KZN 2020, p. 38.
- Adrawi, Asir (April 2016). Karwān-e-Rafta: Tazkirah Mashāhīr-e-Hind [The Caravan of the Past: Discussing Indian scholars] (in Urdu) (2nd ed.). Deoband: Darul Muallifeen.
- Adrawi, Asir (2015). Mawlāna Muhammad Qāsim Nanautawi: Hayāt awr Kārnāme [Mawlāna Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi: Life and Works]] (in Urdu). Deoband: Shaykhul Hind Academy.
- Kāndhlawi, Mawlāna Nūr al-Hasan Rāshid (January 2000). "Hadhrat Mawlāna Mamlūk al-Ali Nanautawi". In Deobandi, Nawaz (ed.). Sawaneh Ulama-e-Deoband (in Urdu). 1. Deoband: Nawaz Publications. pp. 122–150.
- "Hadhrat Moulana Mamlook Ali Saahib". Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Qaasim Nanotwi: A Glimpse Into His Life (1st ed.). Isipingo: Jamiatul Ulama (KZN). January 2020. pp. 35–41. ISBN 978-0-6398423-0-1.
- Rizwi, Syed Mehboob (1980). History of Dar al Ulum Deoband. 1. Translated by Murtaz Hussain F Qureshi (1st ed.). Darul Uloom Deoband: Idara-e-Ehtemam.
- Rizwi, Syed Mehboob (1981). History of Dar al-Ulum Deoband. 2. Translated by Murtaz Hussain F Qureshi (1st ed.). Darul Uloom Deoband: Idara-e-Ehtemam.
- Khan, Syed Ahmad. Shahjahanpuri, Abu Salman (ed.). Tazkirah Khānwāda-e-Wali'ullāhi (in Urdu). Hyderabad, Sindh: University of Sindh.