Mamluk Ali Nanautawi

Mamluk Ali Nanautawi (also written as Mamluk al-Ali Nanautawi) (1789–7 October 1851) was an Indian Sunni Muslim scholar who served as the Head Teacher of Arabic language at the Zakir Husain Delhi College. His notable students include Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi, Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi.

Mamluk Ali Nanautawi
Grave of Mamluk Ali Nanautawi.jpg
Gravestone of Nanautawi
Personal
Born1789
Died7 October 1851(1851-10-07) (aged 61–62)
Resting placeMehdiyan, Delhi, India
ReligionIslam
ChildrenMuhammad Yaqub Nanautawi (son)
CitizenshipMughal India
DenominationSunni Islam
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi
RelativesKhalil Ahmad Saharanpuri (grandson)
Muslim leader

Birth and educationEdit

Mamluk Ali Nanautawi was born in 1789 into the Siddiqi family of Nanauta.[1][2] Not much has been found on the primary education of Nanautawi. However it is said that he may have completed his primary education from the elders of his family. Nūr al-Hasan Rāshid Kāndhlawi assumes that Nanautawi's studies might have taken place under the supervision of Nanautawi students[a] of Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh namely Abdur Rahmān and Abdur Raheem.[2] He completed his middle studies under Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh Kāndhlawi and Muhammad Qalandar Jalālābadi. He is reported to have studied one discourse with Shah Abdul Aziz. There is another narration stating that he studied from Abdullah Khan Alvi. He completed his higher studies under Rasheed-ud-Dīn Khan.[3]

CareerEdit

After completing his studies, Mamluk Ali started teaching in Delhi.[4] In June 1825, he was appointed as a lecturer of Arabic in Zakir Husain Delhi College and was promoted to the post of head teacher on 8 November 1841.[5] He continued as the head teacher of this college throughout his life. Besides teaching the books on rational sciences, Arabic language, fiqh, he also taught the books of Sihah Sittah.[4]

According to Asir Adrawi, Nanautawi spent his entire career teaching in Delhi. The known scholars of that era are reported to have studied alongside him.[6]

StudentsEdit

His notable students include:[7][8][9]

Death and legacyEdit

Nanautawi died of jaundice on 7 October 1851 and was buried in Munhadiyan, New Delhi near the graveyard of Shah Waliullah Dehlawi.[10][11] His son Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi served as the first Principal of Darul Uloom Deoband.[12] Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi, the founder of Darul Uloom Deoband studied most of his books with Mamluk Ali.[13] Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, the author of Badhl al-Majhud, an eighteen volume commentary on Sunan Abu Dawud was Nanautawi's grandson.[14]

Syed Ahmad Khan, the founder of Aligarh Muslim University commended him saying that, "the memory that Mamlūk Ali possessed was so profound that if per chance the entire library of knowledge was lost, Mawlāna would have once again written it all down from the treasure chest of his memory."[15]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nanautavi students here refers to the students of Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh who hailed from Nanuata, namely Abdur Rahmān and Abdur Raheem.
  2. ^ This claim has however been rejected by Nūr al-Hasan Rāshid Kāndhlawi. He says that, "some scholars have stated that Syed Ahmad Khan also studied under Mamlūk Ali, but it is baseless and we could not trace any proof to prove it.[9]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ KZN 2020, p. 35.
  2. ^ a b Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 125.
  3. ^ Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 127.
  4. ^ a b KZN 2020, p. 37.
  5. ^ Kāndhlawi 2000, pp. 136–137.
  6. ^ Adrawi 2016, p. 246.
  7. ^ Khan, pp. 455–456.
  8. ^ Rizwi 1980, pp. 73–75.
  9. ^ a b Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 149.
  10. ^ Kāndhlawi 2000, p. 150.
  11. ^ KZN 2020, p. 40.
  12. ^ Rizwi 1981, p. 126.
  13. ^ Adrawi 2015, p. 59.
  14. ^ Muhammad Zakariya Kandhalawi. "Hadhrat Aqdas Mawlāna al-Haaj Khalīl Ahmad". Tarikh-i Mashā'ikh-i Chisht [The Mashāyikh of Chisht: The Spiritual Tree (Shajarah) and Life Episodes of the Noble Auliya and Mashāyikh of Chisht]. Translated by Majlisul Ulama of South Africa.
  15. ^ KZN 2020, p. 38.

BibliographyEdit