Mamady Doumbouya

Mamady Doumbouya (N'Ko: ߡߊ߬ߡߊߘߌ߫ ߘߎ߲ߓߎߦߊ߫‎) is a Guinean military officer serving as the interim president of Guinea since 1 October 2021. Doumbouya led a coup d'état on 5 September 2021 that overthrew the previous president, Alpha Condé. He is member of the Guinean Special Forces Group and a former French legionnaire. On the day of the coup, Doumbouya issued a broadcast on state television declaring that his faction had dissolved the government and constitution. On 1 October 2021, Doumbouya was sworn in as interim president.[1]

Mamady Doumbouya
Mamady-Doumbouya.jpg
Doumbouya in 2021
President of Guinea
Interim
Assumed office
1 October 2021
Preceded byAlpha Condé
Chairman of the National Committee of Reconciliation and Development
Assumed office
5 September 2021
Preceded byAlpha Condé (as President)
Personal details
BornKankan Region, Guinea
Spouse(s)Lauriane Doumbouya
Children3
Military service
Allegiance France (formerly)
 Guinea
Branch/service French Foreign Legion (formerly)
 Guinea Army
RankMali-Army-OF-5.svg Colonel

Early lifeEdit

Doumbouya was born in the Kankan Region of Guinea.[2][3] He is of Mandinka origins.[2]

Military careerEdit

Doumbouya was a French legionnaire holding the rank of corporal before he returned to Guinea to lead the Special Forces Group, an elite military unit created by President Alpha Condé.[2][4] When he took office, receiving promotion to the rank of battalion commander, his international experience was cited, including training he had completed in a number of different countries.[2][4] In 2018, he met Assimi Goïta, from Mali, in Burkina Faso at a US army training session for regional special forces commanders. Both he and Assimi Goïta would later launch military coups against their governments.[5]He worked in this role for country's intelligence services, based in Forécariah.[3] He was further promoted to lieutenant colonel in 2019 and to colonel in 2020.[4][6] In 2021, he was said to have been seeking more authority for the Special Forces Group.[2]

Doumbouya was deployed on missions to Afghanistan, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Central African Republic, Israel, Cyprus, the UK and Guinea, during his 15 year career. [7]

He was one of 25 officials from Guinea that the European Union threatened to sanction over allegations of human rights abuses.[3]

In May 2021, there were rumors stemming from the government of a possible arrest of Doumbouya while he was in Conakry on unknown accusations or charges.[8]

2021 coup d'étatEdit

Doumbouya was the instigator of the 5 September 2021 Guinean coup d'état, in which the president of Guinea, Alpha Condé, was detained.[9] Doumbouya issued a broadcast on state television declaring that his faction had dissolved the government and constitution.[10] He also said that the "National Committee of Reconciliation and Development (CNRD), [was forced] to take its responsibility" after "the dire political-situation of our country, the instrumentalization of the judiciary, the non-respect of democratic principles, the extreme politicization of public administration, as well as poverty and corruption."[11] In justifying the military's actions, Doumbouya quoted the former Ghanaian president Jerry Rawlings, who said that "if the people are crushed by their elites, it is up to the army to give the people their freedom."[12]

As leader of GuineaEdit

On 18 September 2021, Doumbouya downplayed possible economic sanctions by ECOWAS, saying through a spokesman that "as soldiers, their work is in Guinea and there is nothing to freeze in their accounts."[13] The ECOWAS representatives also urged the junta to allow ousted president Condé to leave Guinea; the junta has refused to do so.[13]

On 1 October 2021, Doumbouya was sworn in as interim president at Mohammed V Palace [fr] in Conakry.[14] He announced plans to "refound the state" introducing "free, credible and transparent" elections and respecting "all the national and international commitments to which the country has subscribed".[15]

Under the current roadmap to restoring civilian rule, Doumbouya will not be allowed to run in future elections.[15]

Personal lifeEdit

Doumbouya is married to Lauriane Doumbouya, who is an active duty member of the French National Gendarmerie.[16] The couple have three children.[16][17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Guinea swears in coup leader Mamady Doumbouya as interim president
  2. ^ a b c d e "Guinée : portrait du colonel Mamady Doumbouya, auteur du putsch du 5 septembre 2021" [Guinea: portrait of Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, instigator of the putsch of September 5, 2021]. Africa 24. 5 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Guinea coup: Who is Col Mamady Doumbouya?". BBC News. 6 September 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Independent, The (5 September 2021). "Focus on Lt Col Mamady Doumbouya in Guinea 'coup'". The Independent (Uganda). Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Mamady Doumbouya: Guinea coup leader sworn in as president".
  6. ^ "Guinean rebel leader Colonel Doumbouya announces president's arrest". TASS. 5 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Mamady Doumbouya: Guinea coup leader sworn in as president".
  8. ^ Kaledzi, Isaac (5 September 2021). "Colonel Mamady Doumbouya is Guinea's coup leader". Africa Feeds. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Soldiers say Guinea constitution, gov't dissolved in apparent coup". Yahoo! News. Reuters. 5 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Putschist say Guinea's president arrested, constitution and government dissolved". Shafaq. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  11. ^ Kasraoui, Safaa (5 September 2021). "Coup d'Etat Confirmed in Guinea, Special Forces Capture President Alpha Conde". Morocco World News. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Guinean coup leader Col.Doumbouya: Why we struck, quotes Rawlings - P.M. News". pmnewsnigeria.com. PM News. 5 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  13. ^ a b "Guinea junta brushes off impact of ECOWAS sanctions". Reuters. 18 September 2021. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Guinea coup leader Mamady Doumbouya sworn in as interim president | News | Al Jazeera". Al Jazeera. 1 October 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  15. ^ a b "Mamady Doumbouya: Guinea coup leader sworn in as president". BBC. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  16. ^ a b Thomas, Abdul Rashid (6 September 2021). "Is dissent an act of faith in a democracy? Lessons from the Guinean military coup". Sierra Leone Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 September 2021. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  17. ^ "12 Quick Facts about Guinea's coup leader Mamady Doumbouya - P.M. News". pmnewsnigeria.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
Political offices
Preceded by President of Guinea
2021–present
Incumbent