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Malegaon is a city and a municipal corporation in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Malegaon is known as the Textile Hub of Maharashtra. Malegaon is the second largest city of Nashik district after Nashik city and one of the largest cities in North Maharashtra.
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Malegaon Municipal Corporation|
|• MLA||Mohammed Ismail|
|• Total||68.56 km2 (26.47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||438 m (1,437 ft)|
|• Official||Marathi, Urdu,|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
423203 City and Soygaon & and 423105 for Camp area
On the road linking Mumbai and Agra – now national highway No 3, NH3 – it used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi (hamlet of gardens). It quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area. As the fort took 25 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area.
After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north move here, and the pattern repeated over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and 1950s saw a similar exodus to the town. Communal riots, especially from the 1960s onward, have undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.
Malegaon is at the confluence of the Girna and Mausam rivers, at elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet) at .
It is 280 km northeast of the state capital Mumbai. It has good connectivity with nearby cities like Nashik, Manmad, Mumbai and Dhule.
- State Highway 10 (Maharashtra)
- National Highway 3 (India, old numbering) (Asian Highway no. 10) (Mumbai - Agra)
|Climate data for Malegaon (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2008)|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.0
|Average high °C (°F)||30.5
|Average low °C (°F)||10.7
|Record low °C (°F)||0.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||4.1
|Average rainy days||0.4||0.1||0.3||0.5||1.4||5.4||7.4||6.5||6.9||3.3||1.0||0.4||33.8|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||30||24||18||17||23||48||64||69||64||44||37||36||40|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
Malegaon is a major hub for cloth weaving using early 20th century power looms. The era of power looms in the city emerged after 1935. Malegaon was a traditional handloom-weaving centre in Maharashtra. Most of the preparatory work before weaving like starching the yarn, transferring it over the tubes, and preparing tana bana was done by the women. Even after power looms were introduced, women continued to help men in the weaving procedure.
With the introduction of power looms, the cloth industry in Malegaon flourished due to increased productivity. Many people bought power looms and very few were left with handlooms. It has an estimated 3 lakh power looms producing about 1 crore (10 million) meters of cloth every day. It attracts workers from around India, majority of migrants from U.P., Khandesh and Deccan, due to lower cost of living and Muslim dominance.
In recent times, the power loom industry is going through difficult phase due to factors like fluctuating government policies, frequent electricity outage, lack of political will, middleman at every stage and reluctance to migrate to advanced machines. Though it is still a major source of employment, most of workers struggle to make a living. As a result, the city has observed a change in migration pattern wherein the worker prefer to move to metros compared to Malegaon for better and stable job opportunities.
Malegaon of late[when?] has been diversifying and new industries are rapidly expanding. PVC pipe manufacturing is one such industry. Malegaon is soon becoming a regional centre for PVC pipes.
Mollywood film industryEdit
Malegaon's famous and self-made film spoof industry has introduced many classic Hollywood and Bollywood characters to the satellite town of Malegaon by giving them its quintessential dialogue, looks, circumstances, and food. After having conquered local imagination with such cult spoofs as Malegaon ki Sholay, Malegaon ke Karan arjun, Malegaon ka James Bond and Supermen of Malegaon, the impoverished film-maker[who?] invaded national television with his second version of Malegaon Ka Chintu, Chintu ban gaya Gentleman, a mute comedy based loosely on Mr. Bean.
A crew named Sky View Pictures in Malegaon produce and make movies. They have made several short films like Dillage, Caller Tunes, The Lost Lover, and Independence. The crew is currently working on their next feature film.
Mollywood artists work on daily wages. They earn a livelihood selling vegetables, working in the textile factories in Malegaon, or running eateries or tea stalls. In the credits their names reflect their professions, like Salim Electrician, Iqbal Chaiwala, badshah khan, or Zaheer Cyclewala. Since Mollywood films are not released all over India, they don't make much money. The urge to make the movies is almost always personal passion. Malegoan Ke Karan Arjun, for example, was made on a budget of Rs 50,000 and made around Rs 2.50 lakh.
In the early days of Mollywood, local actors from Malegaon were excited to work in film with no fees. Later it was a trend that actors were not paid for the work. Owner of "ADD Films" production Atul Dusane was the first in Malegaon who started to pay actors, crew, and cast. Since then actors are being paid for the work.
The male actors are locals, Some of the biggest stars, such as superstar Sarthak Nagpal, Jainya, Shafique Chotu, Badshah Khan, Ramzan Shahrukh. but Malegaon's conservative society does not allow local women to act in films, so actresses are mostly from Jalgaon.
Villages near Malegaon and towards Satana, Nampur, Sonaj, Talwade and Vadel are indulged into agriculture and major producers of onions. Pomegranate is another crop of commercial importance that is cultivated by farmers in nearby pockets. Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) of Malegaon has a front office at Malegaon and research farm at Vadel. There is also a campus of Mahatma Gandhi Vidyamandir's H. H. Sri Sri Murlidhara Swamiji College of Agriculture in the Malegaon Camp area.
Religion and demographicsEdit
As of 2011[update] India census, Malegaon city had urban/metropolitan population of 576,642. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 87.61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 90.35% and female literacy is 84.81%. About 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
In Malegaon City Islam is the most popular religion with approximately 75.53% following it. 22.44% of the population following Hinduism as their religion. In Malegaon city, Christianity is followed by 0.10%, Jainism by 0.82%, Buddhism by 1.42%, and Sikhism by 0.04%. Around 0.02% stated 'other religion' and approximately 0.15% stated 'no particular religion'. The exact numbers are as follows: Muslims 435,071, Hindu 101,108, Buddhist 10,463, Jain 5,622, Not Stated 725, Christian 806, Sikh 324, others 273.
The vast city's education system has been able to support the native language Marathi as well as English and Urdu through numerous institutions. There are enough schools for primary, secondary, and higher secondary education. There are junior colleges and senior colleges affiliated by Pune University. The students of Malegaon travel to nearby cities for higher education.
Schools and colleges in Malegaon include:
- A.T.T. High School & Junior College
- J.A.T Girl High School & Junior College
- Z.P. Kakani Vidyalaya
- Karmavir Bhausaheb Hiray Secondary High School Malegaon (Camp)
- Malegaon Education Society's Kakani Vidyalaya & Junior College
- The Malegaon High School and Junior College
- LVH Academy
- M.S.G. Arts, Science & Commerce College Malegaon (Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikawad)
- K.B.H. Polytechnic Malegaon Camp
- Maseeha Pri Primary School
- Jamhoor High School & Junior College
- Royal College of Pharmaceutical Education and Research
- New English School, Sonaj
- Rajiv Ghandhi International School
- Daulati International English Medium School
- P.E.S. English Medium School
- NEW ERA English Medium School #Malegaon #NEEMS
- T.M. High School
- New Adinath English Medium School
- Kidzee - Preschool, Malegaon
- Smt. A.B. Jaju English Medium School
- Vidya Vikas International School
- Little Angels School
- Shivsanskar Semi English School Tehere, Malegaon
- Gulshan-e-Amena High School
- Y.N.Jadhav School, Golden Nagar, Malegaon
- Hera English Medium School
- Sanskar English Medium School, Malegaon Camp
- Kino Urdu Primary School
- Kilbil School
- Aadhar School Malegaon
- Bharat Vidyalaya
- Tahzeeb High School Malegaon
- Moti Pri Primary & High School
- Sarvodaya Vidyalaya
- Sir Sayyed Ahmad Khan High School
- Adinath English Medium High School
- Phoenix Nursery School Malegaon
- Smt. Shalinitai Pawar English Medium School Talwade
- T.M. High School
- The Knowledge English Medium School
- Mother Ayesha High School
- Vardhman Education Society, Ratila Virchand High School and Sau. Kantaben Ratilal Shah Primary School
- Vardhman Junior College
- Vardhaman English Medium School
- Jamia Mohamadiya Mansora Arabic School and Junior College
- Sardar High School And Junior College
On 29 September 2008, three bombs exploded in the States of Gujarat and Maharashtra killing eight people and injuring 80. During the investigation in Maharashtra, a Hindu group was responsible and alleged to have been involved in the blasts. Three of the arrested suspects were identified as Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur, Shiv Narayan Gopal Singh Kalsanghra, and Shyam Bhawarlal Sahu. All three were produced before the Chief Judicial Magistrate's court in Nashik, which remanded them to custody till 3 November. On 28 October, the Shiv Sena, came out in support of the accused saying that the arrests were political in nature., the sectarian Hindutvadi Shiv Sena chief, Uddhav Thackeray, propounded a potential conflict of interest in political rivalry as the secular Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) controlled the relevant ministry. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has found evidence against Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur and it has recommended the court to act against all charges against her which was proven incorrect.
The Indian Army officer Prasad Shrikant Purohit was also Falsely accused of being involved in the blast. His counsel alleged that he was being falsely framed for political reasons because he has intelligence data of a sensitive nature pertaining to the operations of Sanathan sanstha, and bajrang Dal which could embarrass some quarters . He was sent on bail by the Supreme Court after nine years of trial on 21 August, 2017.
MLAs from Malegaon Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly:
- 1952: Mohammad Sabir Abdul Sattar, Indian National Congress (First MLA after independence)
- 1962: Haroon Ansari, Indian National Congress
- 1967: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman, Praja socialist
- 1972: Aysha Hakeem Saheba, Indian National Congress
- 1978: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman, Janata Party
- 1980: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman, Janata Party
- 1985: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman, Janata Party
- 1990: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman, Janata Dal(S)
- 1995: Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman, Janata Dal(S)
- 1999: Shaikh Rashid Haji Shaikh Shaffi, Indian National Congress
- 2004: Shaikh Rashid Haji Shaikh Shaffi, Indian National Congress
- 2009: Mufti Mohammad Ismail, Jan Surajya Shakti
- 2014: Shaikh Aasif Shaikh Rashid, Indian National Congress
- 2019: Mufti Mohammad Ismail,
All India Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen...
MLAs from Malegaon Outer Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly:
- 1978: Hiray Baliram Waman, INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (I) (INC(I))
- 1980: Hiray Baliram Waman, INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (I) (INC(I))
- 1985: Hiray Pushpatai Vyankatrao, INDIAN CONGRESS (SOCIALIST) (ICS)
- 1990: Hiray Pushpatai Vyankatrao, Indian National Congress, INC
- 1995: Hiray Pushpatai Vyankatrao, Indian National Congress, INC
- 1999: Hire Prashant Venkatrao, Nationalist Congress Party, NCP
- 2004: Dadaji Bhuse, Independent (IND)
- 2009: Dadaji Dagadu Bhuse, Shiv Sena, SHS
- 2014: Dadaji Dagadu Bhuse, Shiv Sena, SHS
- 2019: Dadaji Dagadu Bhuse, Shiv Sena, SHS
- Wright, George Newenham (1837). "A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer". G.N. Wright, 1837. See entry for MULLIGAUM, p216.
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malegaon". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Station: Malegaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 467–468. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M145. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- Smriti Irani has taken charge as Textile Minister when the industry is in its worst phase http://ummid.com/news/2016/July/13.07.2016/smriti-irani-takes-charge-as-textile-minister.html
- "Caller Tunes Official Trailer". Jayesh Sonar. Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- https://www.censusindia2011.com/maharashtra/nashik/malegaon-population.html. Missing or empty
- https://www.censusindia2011.com/maharashtra/nashik/malegaon-population.html. Missing or empty
- "Arrests of framed 'Hindu terrorists' embarasses BJP". Hindustan Times. 28 October 2008. Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- "Sadhvi in jail for Malegaon blast". The Times of India. 25 October 2008. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- "Front Page : Malegaon blast; three remanded to custody". The Hindu. 25 October 2008. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- "Real masterminds still at large, sadhvi Pragya a victim: Sena — Mumbai — City". The Times of India. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- "NIA set to drop case against Sadhvi Pragya, others arrested by MP Police".
- "Malegaon blast: ATS says Purohit main conspirator". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
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