Malanje Province

Malanje is a province of Angola. It has an area of 97,602 km² and a 2014 census population of 986,363.[1] Malanje is the provincial capital.

The Black Rocks of Pungo Andongo
The Black Rocks of Pungo Andongo
Malanje, province of Angola
Malanje, province of Angola
 • GovernorNorberto Fernandes dos Santos
 • Vice-Governor for the Political, Economic and Social SectorDomingos Manuel Eduardo
 • Vice-Governor for Technical Services and InfrastructuresGabriel Domingos António Pontes
 • Total97,602 km2 (37,684 sq mi)
 (2014 census)[1]
 • Total986,363
 • Density10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeAO-MAL
HDI (2018)0.555[2]
medium · 7th


The Malanje Province is located in the north of Angola, the provincial capital and largest town of Malanje located 383 kilometres (238 mi) by road east of the national capital of Luanda.[3] It is bordered to the northwest by Uige Province, to the northeast by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the east by Lunda Norte Province and Lunda Sul Province, to the south by Bié Province and Cuanza Sul Province, and in the west by Cuanza Norte Province. The extreme north of the province is covered with savannah, while the southern part is largely dry savannah. The main rivers are the Cuanza River in the southwest and Kwango River in the northeast, and there is a mountainous area known as the Malanje Plateau.[4] The Cuije River and Cuanza flow in the vicinity of Cangandala National Park.[5] Large areas north and southeast of the city of Malanje have been declared protected areas. Of note is the Milando Reserve Park (Reserva Especial do Milando) in the north and the Reserva Natural Integral do Luando at the headwaters of Cuanza.[3]


The province of Malanje consists of fourteen municipalities (Portuguese: municípios):[6]


The province of Malanje contains the following 66 communes (Portuguese: comunas); sorted by their respective municipalities:


The province is predominantly agricultural. The most intensively used area in the province of Malanje is the area around the provincial capital, where cotton and sugarcane are the most important industries. The cotton industry was once of vital importance to the national economy, but the years of the Angola Civil War have badly stagnated it. Agriculture in Malanje Province is gradually taking off again, and numerous international investors have been involved, including US$30 million from Brazil to develop the maize and sugarcane industry in the Pungo Andongo area.[7] Malanje Province is also a producer of cassava, sweet potatoes, peanuts, rice, soybeans, sunflowers and various vegetables. The province also has significant reserves of diamonds, limestone, manganese (with 4,682 metric tons exported in 1973),[8] uranium and phosphate.

City centre of Malanje

Tourism has become more important, largely due to its diverse natural attractions, including the Kalandula Falls, the black rock formation of Pungo Andongo, two nature reserves and the Cangandala National Park. Cangandala National Park, the smallest national park in the country,[5] was originally established under Portuguese rule in 1963 to protect the Giant Sable Antelope, before being declared a national park on 25 June 1970.

List of governors of MalanjeEdit

Name Years in office
Eusébio Sebastião 1977–1978
Domingos Afonso Neto 1978–1980
Col. Ludy Kissassunda 1980–1986
Lt.Col. João Ernesto dos Santos Liberdade 1986–1992
João Filipe Martins 1992
João Manuel Bernardo 1992–1993
Flávio João Fernandes 1993–2002
Cristóvão Domingos Francisco da Cunha 2002–2008
Norberto Fernandes dos Santos Kwata Kwanawa 2012–


Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner


  1. ^ a b "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b Google (22 September 2014). "Malanje Province" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  4. ^ Goetz, Philip W..; Sutton, Margaret (1983). The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 892. ISBN 978-0-85229-400-0.
  5. ^ a b James, W. Martin (5 May 2011). Historical Dictionary of Angola. Scarecrow Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-8108-7458-9.
  6. ^ "Angola". Geohive. Archived from the original on 30 September 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  7. ^ Stead, Mike; Rorison, Sean (2013). Angola. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 295. ISBN 978-1-84162-443-3.
  8. ^ Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. 2003. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-85743-183-4.
  9. ^ "Histórico dos Governadores" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 March 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 9°32′00″S 16°21′00″E / 9.53333°S 16.35000°E / -9.53333; 16.35000