Malachia Ormanian

Malachia Ormanian

Malachia Ormanian (Armenian: Մաղաքիայ Օրմանեան; 11 February 1841 – 19 November 1918) was the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople from 1896 to 1908. He was also a theologian, historian, and philologist.

LifeEdit

Boghos Ormanian (baptismal name), originated from an Armenian Catholic family. He joined the Armenian Catholic Church, then studied in Rome, serving as an Armenian teacher to The Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide and was present at First Vatican Council.[1] In 1879, he left the Armenian Catholic Church and was accepted as a priest in the Armenian Apostolic Church.[2] By 1880, he was Primate of the Armenians in Erzerum. On 8 June 1886, he was arrested in Vagharshapat. From 1888 to 1896 he was head of the Armenian Seminary of Armash near Izmit, following the forced resignation of Patriarch Matheos III.[3]

Ormanian was elected as Patriarch of Constantinople, of the Armenian Orthodox Church, on 6 November 1896. He was removed due to pressure from the Armenian Assembly and suffered a stroke. Following his rehabilitation, he worked for 2 years in Jerusalem, where the Patriarch chair was vacant, apparently hoping for the appointment. In November 1917 he was deported to Damascus and by May 1918 moved to Constantinople, where he died a few months later.

WritingsEdit

  • Հայոց եկեղեցին եւ իր պատմութիւնը, վարդապետութիւնը, վարչութիւնը, բարեկարգութիւնը, արարողութիւնը, գրականութիւն, ու ներկայ կացութիւնը [Hayotsʻ ekeghetsʻin : ew ir patmutʻiwnĕ, vardapetutʻiwnĕ, araroghutʻiwnĕ, grakanutʻiwnĕ, u nerkay katsʻutʻiwnĕ] (in Armenian). Constantinople. 1911. view online
    • English publication: The Church of Armenia: her history, doctrine, rule, discipline, liturgy, literature, and existing condition. 1st ed. Oxford view online, 2nd. ed. Mowbray, London 1955; 3. ed Mowbray, London 1955; 3rd ed. St. Vartan Press, New York 1988. ed St. Vartan Press, New York 1988.
  • Azgapatum (Ազգապատում, „Nationalgeschichte“). Azgapatum (Ազգապատում, "National History"). 3 Bde., Tp. S. Jakobean, Jerusalem 1913-27, 2. 3 vols, Tp. P. Jakobean, Jerusalem 1913-27, 2 Aufl. Beirut 1959, Neuauflage Etschmiadsin 2001 Aufl Beirut in 1959, reprint Etschmiadsin 2001
  • Ծիսական Բառարան, Մաղաքիա արքեպիսկոպոս Օրմանեան։ Կաթողիկոսութիւն Հայոց Մեծի Տանն Կիլիկիոյ, Անթիլիաս, 1979։
  • A Dictionary of the Armenian Church. St. A Dictionary of the Armenian Church. St. Vartan Press, New York 1984 (Nachdruck 2006). ISBN 0-934728-12-7 Vartan Press, New York 1984 (reprint 2006). ISBN 0-934728-12-7
  • Dictionary of Rituals (arm.). Hayastan Publ., Yerevan 1992. ISBN 5-540-01482-0

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Religious titles
Preceded by
Matdeos II
Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople
1896–1908
Succeeded by
Yeghishe Tourian