Major John André Monument

Major John André Monument, also known as the Site of Major John André's Hanging and Burial, is a historic monument located at Tappan in Rockland County, New York; it's only a few yards away from the New Jersey border. It is a gray granite monument erected in 1879 and approximately 40 inches square and 58 inches tall. It is located in a circular plot approximately 31 feet in diameter. It commemorates the site of the hanging of Major John André on October 2, 1780.[2]

Major John André Monument
JohnAndreMemorial 2007 02.jpg
Major John André Monument
Major John André Monument is located in New York
Major John André Monument
Major John André Monument is located in the United States
Major John André Monument
Location42 Andre Hill, Tappan, New York
Coordinates41°1′17″N 73°57′17″W / 41.02139°N 73.95472°W / 41.02139; -73.95472Coordinates: 41°1′17″N 73°57′17″W / 41.02139°N 73.95472°W / 41.02139; -73.95472
Arealess than one acre
Built1879
ArchitectTaseman & Co.; Olmstead, B.S.
NRHP reference No.06001001[1]
Added to NRHPNovember 8, 2006

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.[1]

The monument was constructed in 1879 by millionaire Cyrus W. Field. It was dedicated on October 2, 1879.[2] It was quite controversial when it was first constructed, and there were three attempts to destroy the monument:[2]

  • On February 22, 1882, the monument was hacked and mutilated by George Hendrix, of New York City.
  • On March 30, 1882 at 11:35 PM, an explosion slightly damaged the monument.
  • On November 3, 1885 at 10:00 PM, an explosion destroyed the iron fence surrounding the monument and toppled the monument.

It was felt that a monument to a British spy was an insult to George Washington; for this reason, a bronze tablet was later added to commemorate the bravery of Washington and his generals during a crisis of the war.[2]

After Cyrus Field's death, his heirs refused to pay the taxes of $6.38 on the property. George Dickey of Nyack bought the land in a tax auction in October 1895. Mr. Dickey sold the land to the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society for $250 on November 13, 1905.[3] After the Society disbanded in 1983, the property was conveyed to Rockland County NY.[4]

GalleryEdit

InscriptionEdit


HERE DIED OCTOBER 2, 1780.
MAJOR JOHN ANDRE, OF THE BRITISH ARMY
WHO ENTERED THE AMERICAN LINES
ON A SECRET MISSION TO BENEDICT ARNOLD
FOR THE SURRENDER OF WEST POINT,
WAS TAKEN PRISONER TRIED AND CONDEMNED AS A SPY.
HIS DEATH
THOUGH ACCORDING TO THE STERN CODE OF WAR
MOVED EVEN HIS ENEMIES TO PITY,
AND BOTH ARMIES MOURNED THE FATE
OF ONE SO YOUNG AND BRAVE.
IN 1821 HIS REMAINS WERE REMOVED TO WESTMINSTER ABBEY,
A HUNDRED YEARS AFTER HIS EXECUTION.
THIS STONE WAS PLACED ABOVE THE SPOT WHERE HE LAY,
NOT TO PERPETUATE THE RECORD OF STRIFE
BUT IN TOKEN OF THOSE BETTER FEELINGS
WHICH HAVE SINCE UNITED THE NATIONS
ONE IN RACE, IN LANGUAGE AND IN RELIGION,
WITH THE EARNEST HOPE THAT THIS FRIENDLY UNION
WILL NEVER BE BROKEN.


Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, Dean of Westminster

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d "Cultural Resource Information System (CRIS)". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Archived from the original (Searchable database) on July 1, 2015. Retrieved 2016-04-01. Note: This includes Nancy J. Goblet and William E. Krattinger (November 2003). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Major John André Monument" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-04-01.
  3. ^ "First-thirtieth Annual Report ... 1896-1925 to the Legislature of the State of New York". 1916.
  4. ^ "County of Rockland, New York :: Andre Monument".

External linksEdit