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The 1954 Maine gubernatorial election took place on September 13, 1954. Incumbent Republican Governor Burton M. Cross was seeking a second term which would have made him the fifth consecutive Governor (all Republicans) to be elected twice. Democratic state representative Edmund Muskie, widely viewed as the underdog due to Maine's solidly Republican history, was able to pull an upset victory and become the first Democrat to be elected to the Blaine House since Louis J. Brann in 1934, and only the fourth Democrat in the 20th century. His election is widely viewed as the first step in making Maine a two-party state.

Maine gubernatorial election, 1954

← 1952 September 13, 1954 1956 →
  MuskieEd.jpg BurtonMCross.jpg
Nominee Edmund Muskie Burton M. Cross
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 135,673 113,298
Percentage 54.49% 45.51%

County results
  Counties won by Muskie
  Counties won by Cross

Governor before election

Burton M. Cross

Elected Governor

Edmund Muskie


1954 Gubernatorial Election, Maine[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Edmund Muskie 135,673 54.49% -
Republican Burton M. Cross (Incumbent) 113,298 45.51% -
Majority 22,375 8.99%


  1. ^ Guide to US Elections, Fifth Edition, Volume II. CQ Press. 2005. pp. 1497–1499. ISBN 978-1-56802-981-8. Retrieved 2009-05-12.