Mail & Guardian
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa. It focuses on political analysis, investigative reporting, Southern African news, local arts, music and popular culture.
|Type||Weekly newspaper and online|
|Owner(s)||M&G Media Ltd|
|Headquarters||Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa|
The publication began as the Weekly Mail, an alternative newspaper by a group of journalists in 1985 after the closure of two leading liberal newspapers, The Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Express. Weekly Mail was one of the first newspapers to use Apple Mac desktop publishing.
The Weekly Mail criticised the government and its apartheid policies, which led to the banning of the paper in 1988 by then State President P. W. Botha. The paper was renamed the Weekly Mail & Guardian from 30 July 1993. The London-based Guardian Media Group (GMG), the publisher of The Guardian, became the majority shareholder of the print edition in 1995, and the name was changed to Mail & Guardian.
In 2002, 87.5% of the company was sold to the Newtrust Company Botswana Limited, which was owned by Trevor Ncube, a Zimbabwean publisher and entrepreneur. Ncube took over as the CEO of the company.
In 2006 MD Africa became the Mail & Guardian's national distributor. The change resulted in good circulation growth, despite difficult market conditions. In 2013 the newspaper achieved a record period with 51,551 copies circulated. MDA distributes a number of publications including Noseweek and Destiny magazine. However, by the first quarter of 2015, distribution had collapsed to 30,714.
In 2017, Media Development Investment Fund, a New York-based not-for-profit investment fund, announced that it had acquired a majority stake in the Mail & Guardian. The restructured ownership saw the CEO, Hoosain Karjieker, acquire a minority stake in the business as part of a Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) transaction. The former majority shareholder, Trevor Ncube, was disposed of his equity interest.
The Mail & Guardian OnlineEdit
In 1994, the Mail & Guardian Online was launched in conjunction with Media24 (a subsidiary of the Naspers group), becoming the first internet news publication in Africa. It has grown into its own daily news operation with a number of writers, multimedia producers, sub-editors and more. It is run out of the Mail & Guardian offices in Rosebank, Johannesburg. The site focuses on local, international and African hard news, sport and business.
The website began its life as the Electronic Mail & Guardian, which was initially an e-mail subscription service that allowed readers living outside South Africa to receive Mail & Guardian newspaper stories before they reached newspaper subscribers. Soon after, the service expanded into a searchable online archive, published in partnership with Sangonet, the country's oldest internet service provider. A website was added, which in turn progressed from producing a weekly mirror of the printed newspaper to generating its own daily news.
The Mail & Guardian Online was jointly owned by internet service provider MWEB and publishing company M&G Media until M&G Media purchased 100% of the operation in 2008.
It has interactive news photo galleries, discussion forums and special reports on subjects such as Zimbabwe, HIV and South African President Jacob Zuma. It also features regular cartoons by South African political cartoonist Carlos.
M&G Media runs several other sites including:
- 2012: CNN African Journalism award (2012)
- 2012: Standard Bank Sikuvile Journalism Award
- 2011: Vodacom Journalist of the Year
- 2011: Bookmark awards
- 2010: Bookmark awards 
- 2008: Webby Awards Honoree for News in Photos and Political Blog
- 2005: Webby Awards Honoree for Web Best Practices
- 2001: Forbes.com voted the Mail & Guardian Online one of the world's top 175 websites
|Oct – Dec 2018||25 834|
|Oct – Dec 2015||33 210|
|Jun – Aug 2015||30 290|
|Jan – Mar 2015||30 714|
|Jan – Mar 2014||44 267|
|Jan – Mar 2013||45 279|
|Apr – Jun 2013||42 496|
|Jul – Sep 2013||42 242|
|Oct – Dec 2013||51 551|
- Breitenbach, Danette (13 February 2018). "Newspapers ABC Q4 2018: Newspapers ABC Q4 2018: 2018 ends on a low for newspaper industry". Bizcommunity. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Buckland, Matthew (1 January 2002). "Trevor Ncube buys Mail&Guardian". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 September 2005.
- Mckune, Craig (23 August 2013). "Iqbal Survé threatens to 'expose' M&G". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013.
- "Trevor Ncube sets record straight". Newsday. Zimbabwe. 22 July 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2015.
- Prinsloo, Loni and Speckman. Asha (6 September 2015). "Mail & Guardian crippled by cash crunch". Sunday Times. South Africa.
- "Trevor Ncube hits back at 'living it up as staff suffer' report". Nehanda Radio. 14 October 2015. Archived from the original on 15 October 2015.
- Manson, Herman (8 May 2015). "ABC Analysis Q1 2015: The biggest-circulating newspapers in South Africa".
- "MDIF acquires majority stake in South Africa's Mail & Guardian". Mail & Guardian. 12 December 2017.
- "Thought Leader". www.thoughtleader.co.za. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- "South Africans shine at CNN Multichoice African Journalist Awards", TheMediaOnline, 23 July 2012.
- "Finalists of Standard Bank Sikuvile Journalism Award announced", Media Update, 24 July 2012.
- "More Vodacom Journalist of the Year regional winners", 12 October 2011.
- Nur Bremmen, "The Bookmarks Awards strike gold, although few golds awarded", Memeburn.
- "M&G wins two Bookmarks", Media Update, 30 November 2010.
- "Thought Leader". The Webby Awards.
- "News in Photos". The Webby Awards.
- "The Mail & Guardian Online's Interactive Guide to the South African Elections". The Webby Awards.
- "About Us". Mail & Guardian.
- "Missouri Honor Medal winners by year". University of Missouri School of Journalism.
- "The prize paper". Mail & Guardian. 22 December 1995. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Audit Bureau of Circulations (S.A)
- "ABC Q4 Presentation". Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved 29 March 2016.