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Maidan Wardak Province

Wardak Province (Pashto: د میدان وردگ ولايت‎, Persian: ولایت میدان وردک‎), also called Wardag or simply Wardak, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 567,600.[1] The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District. The name of the province is called "Wardak" as stated by the Afghan constitution and IDLG approved documents.

Wardak

میدان وردگ
A gathering of people receiving gifts from the Afghan National Army (ANA) during a patrol in the Sayedabad district of Wardak Province in November 2011
A gathering of people receiving gifts from the Afghan National Army (ANA) during a patrol in the Sayedabad district of Wardak Province in November 2011
Map of Afghanistan with Wardak highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Wardak highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4Coordinates: 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4
Country Afghanistan
CapitalMaidan Shar
Government
 • GovernorMuhammad Arif Shah Jahan
Area
 • Total9,934 km2 (3,836 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Total567,600
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeAF-WAR
Main languagesPashto
Persian

HistoryEdit

During the communist times, the people of Wardak never gave significant support to the communist government.[2] Wardak Province was significant during the Civil War in Afghanistan, due to its proximity with Kabul and its agricultural lands. Hezb-e Wahdat had a significant presence in the area. Most of the area was captured by the Taliban around winter 1995.[2] It Remains a major Taliban travel route to Kabul with Maidan Shahr a target for terror.

The security situation rapidly deteriorated in Wardak in 2008 and 2009. According to a report by Mohammad Osman Tariq Elias, both Logar and Wardak, by the end of 2008, were under de facto Taliban control.[2] As of April 2009, the Ministry of the Interior (Afghanistan) had listed the entire province as "High Risk."[3]

In October 2017 US Forces from elements of the 1st Battalion 87 Infantry Regiment and 10th Special Operation Group made the First solid push of US forces to break the Taliban hold of the Province in 5 years.

On January 21, 2019 a Taliban attack on a military base and police training center in the province resulted in 12 deaths. At least 30 people were reported to be injured. The attack came during a time of intense daily violence throughout the country.[4]

GeographyEdit

Wardak province is located in the central and eastern region of Afghanistan; bordering Parwan to the northeast, Kabul and Logar to the east, Ghazni to the south and Bamyan to the west. The capital of Wardak province is Maidan Shar, which is located about 35 km from Kabul. Wardak province covers an area of 9,934 km2. It is mountainous like the rest of the country with plains and many valleys. The majority of its residents live in rural areas. The most heavily populated areas are along the Kabul–Kandahar Highway. The rest of the province is thinly populated, with villages concentrated in areas with available irrigation and water sources (CSO and UNFPA, 2003). Famous passes include the Unai Pass and the Hajigak Pass.

Politics and governanceEdit

The current governor of the province is Mohammad Halim Fidai. His predecessor was Abdul Jabbar Naeemi. The town of Maidan Shar serves as the capital of the province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are conducted by the Afghan National Police (ANP) along with the Afghan Local Police (ALP). The provincial police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by other Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), including the NATO-led forces.

Economics and industryEdit

In terms of industry, one marble factory is working in the province, and there are marble mines in the provincial center and Sayed Abad District although no mining is currently undertaken there due to the government ban. The majority of commercial activity in Maidan Shahr. Wardak is related to trade in agricultural and livestock products, although stone quarrying is also a growing business in the area. The people from Maidan Shahr are also experts in karez cleaning and repair and go to other parts of the country for this purpose. In Wardak, there are many natural resources like petroleum, iron, rubies, emeralds and many historical artifacts including coins from Alexander's era. Silver Coins from the United States dating before 1917 are still held by locals, from when Americans and Europeans traveled here in the 19th Century. Such items are highly coveted by the people. Most anything of value (Coins, Jewels etc.) that came through this Country was buried for safekeeping and rarely ever leaves. Be warned that there is a considerable black market for anything of value and it would behoove you to be well informed of what u are buying. You can buy just about anything you need and someone willing to sell it to you for a price. It may not be the real thing, but it will look exactly like it e.g.:(Beats headphones, cellphones, Monster energy drinks, illegal DVDs of the latest movies, software, Persian rugs). 90% of those living outside the cities like Maiden Shar live on dirt floors. light at night being a car battery wired to a light bulb is not uncommon. For rural area's goat or animal feces spread amongst the rocks to dry in the sun is a common heat source. The cell Phone service is pre-paid cards and subject to Taliban Destroying towers in some rural areas.

Agriculture is a major source of revenue for 43% of households in Maidan Wardak province. Four-fifths (79%) of rural households own or manage agricultural land or garden plots in the province. However, nearly a quarter (24%) of households in the province derive income from trade and services, and around half (45%) of households earn some income through non-farm related labor.

EducationEdit

 
A school being renovated in the Jalrez district of Wardak province in 2009

The overall literacy rate in Wardak province is 25%. There are around 251 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 105,358 students. There are 2909 teachers teaching in these schools.[5]

DemographicsEdit

 
Districts of Wardak province

As of 2013, the total population of Wardak province is about 567,600,[1] which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. According to the Institute for the Study of War, "Roughly 70 percent of the population is Pashtuns, Hazara and Tajiks comprise the remainder of the population. The Tajiks live primarily in northern districts of the province, while the Hazaras live in the western part of the province. Maydan Wardak also has a small population of Qizilbashs, who are ethnically Persian and practice Shi’a Islam. The major Pashtun tribes are the Ghilzai (of the Hotak and Kharoti clans) and Wardak."[6][7]

DistrictsEdit

Districts of Wardak Province
District Capital Population[8] Area[9] Notes
Chaki Wardak Chaki Wardak 83,376 1,273
Day Mirdad Miran 28,865
Hisa-I-Awali Bihsud 25,079
Jaghatu 46,667 Shifted from Ghazni Province in 2005
Jalrez 44,873
Markazi Bihsud Behsud 94,328
Maidan Shar Maidan Shar 35,008
Nirkh 56,354
Saydabad Saydabad 114,793 1,163

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Settled Population of by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Central Statistics Organization. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  2. ^ a b c Elias, Mohammed Osman Tariq (2009). "The Resurgence of the Taliban in Kabul, Logar and Wardak". In Giustozzi, Antonio (ed.). Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field. Hurst & Company. ISBN 978-1-85065-961-7.
  3. ^ British Broadcasting Corporation. Afghanistan: Security Map. 19 August 2009. Accessed at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8194230.stm Accessed on [28 September 2009]
  4. ^ Taliban Attack on Afghan Military Base and Police Training Center Kills 12 21 January 2019. Accessed at: http://time.com/5508503/taliban-attack-afghanistan-military-base-12-dead/ Accessed on [21 January 2019]
  5. ^ "Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  6. ^ "Maydan Wardak Province". Understanding War. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-09-25.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  7. ^ "Paktia Province" (PDF). Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2014-10-20.
  8. ^ http://www.mrrd.gov.af/nabdp/Provincial%20Profiles/Wardak%20PDP%20Provincial%20profile.pdf Wardak Provincial Profile - MRRD
  9. ^ Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers

External linksEdit