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Maidan Shar (Pashto: میدانښارMaidānshār/Maidānkhār;[2][3][4] Persian: میدان شهر‎), also Maidan Shahr or simply Maidan, is the capital of Maidan Wardak Province in central Afghanistan. Its population was estimated to be 35,008 in 2003,[5] of which 85% are Pashtuns, and a smaller number of Hazaras and Tajiks forming the rest.[6]

Maidan Shar

میدانښار
Maidan Shar is located in Afghanistan
Maidan Shar
Maidan Shar
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 34°23′50″N 68°52′11″E / 34.39722°N 68.86972°E / 34.39722; 68.86972Coordinates: 34°23′50″N 68°52′11″E / 34.39722°N 68.86972°E / 34.39722; 68.86972
Country Afghanistan
ProvinceMaidan Wardak Province
Area
 • City345 km2 (133 sq mi)
Elevation
2,225 m (7,300 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • City2,400
 • Density7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Urban
14,265 [1]
Time zoneUTC+4:30

The city of Maidan Shar has a population of 14,265.[1] It has 4 districts and a total land area of 3,347 hectares.[7] The total number of dwellings in Maidan Shar is 1,585.[7]

Contents

ClimateEdit

With a cold and temperate climate, Maidan Shar features a cool-summer humid continental climate (Dsb) under the Köppen climate classification. It has warm, dry summers and cold, snowy winters. The average temperature in Maidan Shar is 8.8 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 373 mm.

July is the warmest month of the year, with an average temperature of 21.2 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of -6.4 °C.

Climate data for Maidan Shar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.6
(34.9)
9.6
(49.3)
16.3
(61.3)
19.9
(67.8)
27.7
(81.9)
29.4
(84.9)
28.8
(83.8)
25.7
(78.3)
18.2
(64.8)
11.6
(52.9)
4.1
(39.4)
16.0
(60.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.4
(20.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.9
(39.0)
10.2
(50.4)
12.5
(54.5)
19.4
(66.9)
21.2
(70.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.8
(62.2)
9.7
(49.5)
4.2
(39.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
8.8
(47.8)
Average low °C (°F) −12.5
(9.5)
−9.9
(14.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.1
(39.4)
5.1
(41.2)
11.1
(52.0)
13.0
(55.4)
11.9
(53.4)
7.9
(46.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−8.4
(16.9)
1.6
(34.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

Land useEdit

Maidan Shar is an urban village located 40 km west of Kabul.[7] The majority of the land is not occupied or utilized with barren land and vacant plots combining for 81% of total land use.[7] Institutional land is the second largest built-up land use (22%).[7] Residential dwellings are concentrated in Districts 1 and 2.[7]

GeographyEdit

Maidan Shar is located in the north eastern part of Maidan Wardak Province. It is surrounded by the Arghandeh and Paghman mountains of Kabul Province and the Jalrez and Nirkh districts of Maidan Wardak Province.

It has an area of 345 km2. Its elevation above sea level is 2,225 meters.

The district consists of 59 main villages and 1 sub-village.

EconomyEdit

The majority of people in Maidan Shar are engaged in agriculture, livestock, gardening and trade. The overall economical status of the people of Maidan Shar is poor.

EducationEdit

By the end of 2008, there were a total of 14 schools serving approximately 9,268 students. There were around 275 teachers teaching in these schools.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The State of Afghan Cities report2015". Archived from the original on 2015-10-31.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2009-07-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
  4. ^ "Home" (PDF).
  5. ^ http://www.mrrd.gov.af/nabdp/Provincial%20Profiles/Wardak%20PDP%20Provincial%20profile.pdf Wardak Provincial Profile - MRRD
  6. ^ aims.org.af
  7. ^ a b c d e f The State of Afghan Cities report 2015.
  8. ^ "Climate: Maidan Shar - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  9. ^ http://www.mwardag.gov.af/media/Maidan%20Wardak%20Province%20Three%20years%20Report(English).pdf[permanent dead link]