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Mahlon Morris Garland

Mahlon Morris Garland (May 4, 1856 – November 19, 1920) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Mahlon M. Garland
Mahlon Morris Garland.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1919 – November 19, 1920
Preceded byThomas S. Crago
Succeeded byThomas S. Crago
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 36th district
In office
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1919
Preceded byArthur Ringwalt Rupley
Succeeded byJoseph McLaughlin
Personal details
Born(1856-05-04)May 4, 1856
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
DiedNovember 19, 1920(1920-11-19) (aged 64)
Washington, D.C.
Political partyRepublican


Garland was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He moved with his parents to Alexandria, Pennsylvania. He learned the trade of puddling and heating, and joined the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers, and later became president for the organization. He was a member of the select council of Pittsburgh in 1886 and 1887. He was appointed by President William McKinley as the United States Collector of Customs (then called surveyor of customs) at Pittsburgh in 1898. He was reappointed by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1902 and 1906 and by President William Taft in 1910, serving until March 3, 1915. He served as vice president of the American Federation of Labor, as member of the Pittsburgh School Board, and as a member of the borough council of Edgewood, Pennsylvania.

Garland was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, and Sixty-sixth Congresses and served until his death. He served as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Mines and Mining during the Sixty-sixth Congress. He had been reelected to the Sixty-seventh Congress, but died in Washington, D.C. before the session began. Interment in Woodlawn Cemetery in Pittsburgh.

See alsoEdit


  • United States Congress. "Mahlon M. Garland (id: G000068)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • The Political Graveyard
  • Mahlon M. Garland, late a representative from Pennsylvania, Memorial addresses delivered in the House of Representatives and Senate frontispiece 1922
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Arthur R. Rupley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 36th congressional district

Succeeded by
Joseph McLaughlin
Preceded by
Thomas S. Crago
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by
Thomas S. Crago