Madras Music Season
Chennai Music Season is an event hosted every December–January in the Chennai (formerly known as Madras) Tamil Nadu. Spanning some six weeks, a number of large and small kutcheris (Carnatic music concerts) are performed by highly competent musicians. The traditional role of the Music Season is to allow aficionados of Carnatic music to appreciate performances by renowned artists, and to allow promising young artists to display their talent and skill. Audiences and artists come from across India, from the international Indian diaspora and internationally those who have been exposed to and appreciate Classical Indian Music, to be part of the event. It is touted to be the largest music festival in the world, with a total of around 1500 individual performances by various renowned and amateur artists across the span of one and a half months. In 2015, the celebrations were slightly postponed, a first of its kind, due to the 2015 South Indian Floods that devastated Chennai.
The Madras Music Season was first created in the 1927 by a group of individuals who later went on to establish the Madras Music Academy. Concerts would be held at various venues at different places every year, before the Madras Music Academy settled on its present venue at T.T.K. Road. Although the season was initially held during March/April (the Tamil month of Panguni), the timing of the season was later changed to December (the Tamil month of Maargazhi) due to more favourable weather conditions and the likelihood of attracting more tourists during this period.
The All India Music Conference was held in 1927 concurrently with the annual session of Indian National Congress in Madras. A resolution was passed at the conference to formally establish the Madras Music Academy. From 1928, the academy started organizing the Music Season every year during the month of December.
Previously it was a traditional month-long Carnatic music festival solely consisting of Carnatic music concerts, harikathas, lecture demonstrations (otherwise known as lec-dems) and award/title ceremonies. However, over the years it has also diversified into dance and drama, as well as non-Carnatic art forms, and is now of a duration of at least six weeks.
The Music Season has grown over the years, and has been described as one of the world's largest cultural events. Generally, the concerts take place in the afternoons and nights, and consists of all sorts of Carnatic music compositions and improvisations. In 2004-2005, there were over 1200 performances by about 600 artists (about 700 vocal, 250 instrumental, 200 dance, 50 drama and others).
Sabhas and HallsEdit
The performances are typically organised by sabhās. A Carnatic sabha is an organisation that helps conduct concerts and bestow titles and awards to artists to recognise talent. Most sabhas own a hall (or two). Some smaller sabhas rent a hall during the season. Generally, the main halls, on average, can accommodate about 300 people while the mini can take no more than 75 people. Most performances are held in such halls.
The following prominent sabhas have regularly organised concerts during the Music Season:
- Brahma Gana Sabha: Sivagami Pethachi Auditorium
- Chennai Cultural Academy Trust
- Indian Fine Arts Society: Bala Mandir German Hall
- Kalarasana: Rani Seethai Hall
- Kala Pradarshini: Bharathiya Vidya Bhavan Auditorium, Mylapore
- Kartik Fine Arts
- Madras Music Academy: T. T. Krishnamachari Auditorium
- Mudra : Freedom Hall
- Mylapore Fine Arts Club
- Nadha Inbam : Raga Sudha Hall
- Narada Gana Sabha: Sathguru Gnanananda Hall
- Rasika Ranjani Sabha : Dakshinamoorthy Auditorium
- Sri Krishna Gana Sabha: Sri Krishna Gana Sabha
- Sri Parthasarathy Swami Sabha : Vidya Bharathi
- Sri Thyaga Brahma Gana Sabha: Vani Mahal
- Tamil Isai Sangam: Raja Annamalai Chettiar Hall
- Hamsadhwani NRI Sabha
- Singapore Indian Fine Arts Society : Tatvaloka, Teynampet
- Triplicane Music Festival; NKT Muthu Hall
- TAPAS Music and Dance Festival
- Sat Sangam Sabha - Madipakkam
- Chennaiyil Thiruvaiyaru - Kamarajar Arangam
Most of the Sabhas have free concerts in the morning and afternoon slots. Only the evening slots starting from around 4 pm are ticketed in most Sabhas.
All Concerts at Bharathi Vidya Bhavan are free. They start the season a bit ahead but all popular artists sing here. SIFA holds concerts at Tattvaloka, Teynampet and all concerts are free Concerts at Narada Gana Sabha mini hall, Obul reddy hall at Vani Mahal and Kamakoti hall in Krishna Gana Sabha are also usually free.
Season tickets and tickets for Individual concertsEdit
Season tickets are available at various denominations in all major Sabhas. At the music academy, season tickets are mostly sold out on the first day, which is mostly in the first week of December. Individual concerts tickets are available only starting from morning on the day of the concert
Most of the other Sabhas have advance booking for individual concerts, at the respective venues, mostly starting from First week of December. Brahma Gana Sabha and the Chennaiyil Thiruvayyaru have online ticket booking facility.
- Nettl (2005), p38
- Lakshmi (2004), p123
- Knight (2010), p78
- The Hindu : Opinion / Editorials : MUSIC MUSINGS
- Nettl (1995), p90
- Chennai Music Season 2004 - 2005
- Sri Shanmukhananda Fine Arts & Sangeetha Sabha - Shanmukha 1986, p44
- Another bastion breached, dalit Christian awarded - Times of India
- Lakshmi, C. S. (2004). The Unhurried City: Writings on Chennai. Chennai: Penguin Books India.
- Nettl, Bruno (2005). The Study of Ethnomusicology: Thirty-one Issues and Concepts. Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
- Nettl, Bruno (1995). Heartland Excursions: Ethnomusicological Reflections on Schools of Music. Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
- Knight Jr., Douglas M. (2012). Balasaraswati: Her Art and Life. Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 9780819569066.