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Mabel "Madea" Simmons is a character created and portrayed by Tyler Perry. She is a tough, elderly black woman.[1]

Madea
Madea photo.png
Madea serving time in prison for committing a series of crimes in Madea Goes to Jail
First appearance1999 I Can Do Bad All by Myself (stage play)
2005 Diary of a Mad Black Woman (film)
Last appearance2019 A Madea Family Funeral (film)
Madea's Farewell (stage play)
Created byTyler Perry
Portrayed byTyler Perry
Information
Full nameMabel Earlene Simmons
Family"Big Mabel" Murphy (mother)
Frederick (brother)
Joe (brother)
Irene Andrews (sister; deceased)
Heathrow (brother)
Helen McCarter (granddaughter)
Orlando (grandson in law; via Helen)
Gina (granddaughter)
Maylene "Maylee" Griffith (granddaughter)
Vianne (granddaughter)
Bobby (grandson in-law) via Vianne
Lisa (granddaughter)
Tina (granddaughter)
Jackie (granddaughter)
LaKeisha Griffith (great-granddaughter)
Shemar (great-granddaughter)
SpouseJohnny Simmons (deceased)
16 unnamed husbands
ChildrenMichelle Griffin (deceased)
William Simmons (deceased)
Cora Jean Simmons
RelativesVickie (niece)
Shirley (niece)
Angela (niece)
Mike (great-nephew)
Sonny (nephew)
Brian Simmons (nephew)
Tiffany Simmons (great-niece)
BJ Simmons (great-nephew)
Victoria Breaux (niece)
Lisa Breaux-Henderson (great-niece)
Vanessa Breaux (great-niece)
Nima (great-niece)
Jonathan (great-nephew)
Ruby (aunt) Eileen Murphy (niece)
Lacey Murphy (great-niece)
George Needleman (nephew)

Vindictive in nature, Madea gets even in a bad crazy way.[2] When asked by Dr. Phil why she felt the need to get somebody all the time, Madea answered: "Well when you gettin' got and somebody done got you and you go get them, when you get 'em, everybody's gon' get got."[3] Additionally, Madea has a tendency to overreact[4] and is willing to threaten to use deadly weapons,[5] destroy property, use physical violence, take on the law, and use any and all means necessary to show up an offending party.[6] Incorrigible in her overreactive ways, Madea has repeatedly landed herself in court (usually before Judge Mablean), anger management classes, house arrest, and even prison.[6]

Despite her questionable methods, she stands for what's right and has a nurturing side.[7] As examples, Madea is often seen officiously involving herself in circumstances in which others have been wronged, offering self-defense tips, instruction, or avenging them on her own;[1] by her very nature, Madea is more than willing to "thug out" on some of the sassiest and brattiest of children and teens, but also shows to care about their well-being in the end.[8] The character combines an unusual pronunciation style with her locutions, such as "Heller, how ya dern?" or "Halleluyer praise da lort!"[9]

Madea is based on Perry's mother and his aunt. In Perry's own words Madea is "... exactly the PG version of my mother and my aunt, and I loved having an opportunity to pay homage to them. She would beat the hell out of you but make sure the ambulance got there in time to make sure they could set your arm back..."[10]

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Madea was born in Greensburg, Louisiana,[11] on June 26, 1935, and raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. Her maiden name is unknown, but it is presumably either Baker or Murphy as they were the last names of her father and mother, respectively. (Madea was 65 in the first play, I Can Do Bad All by Myself, as well as Madea's Class Reunion. Her ages in the other plays are unknown because they take place between these two plays, and there's no continuity offered. In Madea Goes to Jail, Madea was around 75). In "I Can Do Bad All by Myself," she reveals she once lived in Cleveland, Ohio, but later returned to Atlanta. Madea was a hooker and a stripper.

Madea was brought up in poverty and grew up living in a shotgun house with her parents and siblings. Madea has stated that although her family didn't have much, they had love.[12] She even claimed that her daddy would go outside and hunt for dogs and cook them on the stove to eat for dinner. According to Family Reunion, Madea's mother, "Big Mabel" Murphy, was a hooker during Madea's childhood and was not at all religious. As a result, Madea grew up with little knowledge of Baptism (as an elderly woman, Madea has a tendency to misquote the Bible).

She attended Booker T. Washington High School, where she served as a cheerleader. When Madea was 16, her parents moved her and the rest of her immediate family to Atlanta, Georgia, in a barn house. It was reported in Madea's book, Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings, that Madea's mother and father wouldn't allow her to go out at all until she turned 18.

In the films, it has been revealed that Madea used to be a stripper, and her stage names were Platinum and Delicious. It is heavily implied that she was a hooker as well.

Criminal backgroundEdit

Madea has a lifelong criminal record that began at age 9 with a charge of petty theft. It is also reported that Madea was charged with her first felony at this age, and her crimes began progressing to illegal gambling at age 18, which later evolved into check fraud, identity theft, insurance fraud (presumably related to her nine deceased husbands), assault, attempted murder, vehicle theft (mostly Lexus vehicles, the first vehicle she ever stole being a 1992 Lexus LS400), reckless driving (including smashing through objects, notably a mansion gate, a Cadillac CTS, and a fast food window in Diary of a Mad Black Woman, Goes to Jail, and Big Happy Family respectively) and forklifting vehicles out of parking spaces (usually for taking spaces that she wants to park at, as she did to many Camrys and Scions, as well as a Pontiac Solstice that she ruined in Madea Goes to Jail). Throughout the series, she is a repeat offender.

In Diary of a Mad Black Woman alone, Madea and her granddaughter Helen McCarter were both charged with "criminal trespassing, reckless endangerment, criminal possession of a handgun, assault with a deadly weapon, [driving on a] suspended license, expired registration, reckless driving, and a broken taillight", which placed Madea on house arrest, while her granddaughter was bailed for $5,000.

In Family Reunion, she violated the terms of house arrest by taking off her house arrest bracelet but was given the opportunity to avoid jail by becoming a foster mother.

In Meet the Browns, Madea was stopped by police as a normal traffic stop, only to refuse to pull over (fearing that she'll be sent to jail again), which leads her into a high-speed car chase with several law enforcement officials and news helicopters.

In Goes to Jail, Madea was about to get sent to jail, but was reluctantly released by Judge Mablean after learning the arresting officers did not read the Miranda rights warning when she was arrested (as the officers claimed that Madea was fighting with them), so she finally admits that her license was suspended indefinitely (implying that her license was suspended when she was 30 years old) and also gets ordered to anger management counseling, making it the very last opportunity for her to avoid jail. She, however, began driving as soon as Cora neglected her daughterly duties. Madea's brother Joe (also played by Perry) refers to her as a "po-po ho", meaning someone who is a professional at evading law enforcement.

PersonalityEdit

Hard side and language useEdit

Scurrilous, wise cracking, and saucy in remarks and behavior, Madea is full of comical sass and vulgar and abusive language. She also has many catch phrases, such as "You crazy as hell," and "I oughta punch you in da face!" In addition, she uses Ebonics and other various urban expressions. Madea also intentionally adds a mispronounced "t" sound to many of her words, such as "Africant Americant", "cooking and cleanting" and "living for da Lort [Lord]."

Madea is mostly noted for her outrageous overreactions and thuggish toughness over which she has shown no shame. For example, the character has four general methods of attack:

  1. Destruction of property, such as demolishing others' household appliances with a chainsaw
  2. Weapon violence, such as stabbing others with a lit cigarette
  3. Physical violence, such as strangling and pounding others with her bare hands and elbows
  4. Intimidation through outrageous browbeating tactics and threats, such as firing off her Glock pistol, which she keeps handy with her in her purse at all times (from the extended interval of rapid-fire sounds in Madea Goes To Jail, it is implied that she owns a fully automatic assault-rifle, as well, but only brings it out on "special occasions")
  5. Murder, such as shooting and stabbing others with a gun and a knife. When using guns, Madea shoots around targets, using intimidation rather than actually killing or injuring anyone. As another form of intimidation, Madea frequently boasts of having killed in the past. As an example, she once claimed to have murdered Jimmy Hoffa over him calling her a wild woman. She also claimed to have shot Tupac Shakur while arguing over a parking space; although she claims not to have killed him in the shooting.

Soft sideEdit

In spite of her outrageous and shocking behaviors, Madea is consultative, protective, loving, and motherly at heart. This is heavily evidenced in Gets a Job, in which Madea provides life lessons, guidance, and direction to all the residents and staff members of a nursing home.[13] Moreover, on numerous occasions, Madea has accepted family members who were without a place to stay into her home on her own accord. These family members have included her granddaughter Helen (Diary of a Mad Black Woman film), granddaughter Vianne (I Can Do Bad All by Myself), her great niece Vanessa and her two kids (Madea's Family Reunion), and ex-convict Bobby Mitchell (I Can Do Bad All by Myself).

Quite often, Madea has offered direction and guidance to those who were being abused within their romantic relationships. Much of this direction and guidance tends to come in the form of extreme warmongering.

Madea also instructs troubled individuals about the mistakes they've made in their life choices and leads them down the path of forgiveness and improvement. While in prison in the film Madea Goes to Jail, Madea attends an anger management church meeting under duress. During the meeting, Madea ends up lecturing all the women to stop playing victims, stop whining, and start taking action to improve their lives.

Madea is mentally strong and offers nurturing advice to struggling individuals whom she cares for.

Pet peevesEdit

Madea has a series of pet peeves: disrespectful youth, gum popping, people who steal her parking space, rude people; lazy people; people who don't return shopping carts; adulterous people; and "people who are just plain stupid." She is also a firm critic of men that sag their pants, believing that it looks cheap and sloppy.

Madea's familyEdit

(Note: There are a few discrepancies and plot holes in Madea's family tree as between the regular films and the stage-plays)

Madea's motherEdit

In the book Tyler Perry's Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings, Madea gives details on her mother, "Big Mabel" Murphy, who was described as "unusually large". It is presumed that Madea is named after her mother and probably went by the nickname “Little Mabel” to distinct her from her mother. "Big Mabel" is characterized as being very gentle, mild-mannered, kind and peaceful woman, with a long and very dangerous fuse. In Madea's Family Reunion, Madea revealed that "Big Mabel" was a prostitute during Madea's childhood and not at all religious. This took a toll on Madea as she grew up with little knowledge of the Bible and has a tendency to comedically misquote the Word.

SiblingsEdit

Madea's brothers
According to Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings, Madea has several brothers. Three of them are Frederick (revealed in the book), Joe, and Heathrow (revealed in Madea's Family Funeral).

Brother: Joe
Joe (also played by Perry) is Madea's most recognizable younger brother as he lives with her and frequently appears in Madea films. A wise guy who is very coarse, misbehaved, and ornery, Joe has no qualms with such tendencies as openly farting and hurling about insulting wisecracks about people, including Madea. Despite being elderly, he constantly makes crude passes at younger women. Joe regularly smokes marijuana in spite of his need to be on oxygen. On smoking marijuana, Joe has stated, "God made this for us. God made this little tree, Viagra and oxygen. Put them altogether and you can take a woman to heaven and back!" Joe has at least three children: Brian, Donna, and George Needleman.
(Note: The Joe character precedes the Madea character in debut, as Joe's first appearance was in the 1998 play ''I Know I've Been Changed'', taking place when the Madea character had not yet originated. After one other play, Madea is unveiled in the 1999 play I Can Do Bad All by Myself as Joe's sister)
Joe's children: Brian, Donna, and George
Brian (also played by Perry) is a criminal defense attorney, who often gets roped into Madea's messes as he represents her in the many criminal trials Madea lands herself in. He is married to Debra and has two children, Tiffany and BJ (Brian Jr.). Joe's daughter, Donna, is married to Isaac. She appeared in Madea's Family Reunion.
In Madea's Witness Protection, Joe discovers that he has a biracial son named George Needleman with his long-lost flame Barbara. Barbara confirms this by comparing George's age to how many years ago Joe had the affair with her. However, George never finds out about this despite several hints from Joe. Therefore, George is Madea's nephew.
Brother: Heathrow
Heathrow (also played by Perry) is Madea’s older brother. He made his debut in A Madea Family Funeral as the wheelchair-bound father of Vianne (Madea has a granddaughter of the same name) and grandfather of her children. Heathrow was a lifelong smoker and as a result uses a speech device to communicate in a robotic voice. Madea apparently warned Heathrow about the dangers of smoking cigarettes and urged him to quit before it got out of hand. This seems a bit hypocritical, as Madea is shown to be a heavy smoker as well and is almost always seen with a cigarette in her hand or mouth. Heathrow revealed that he was in the Vietnam war and was a decorated veteran, which would explain how he lost his legs. Madea refutes this, however, stating that he lost his legs due to an altercation with the mob and his medals were purchased from a costume shop. Heathrow is also a heavy marijuana user like his brother and sister. He appears to be the less favored of the Murphy-Baker siblings, because both Madea and Joe hate answering his phone calls. This could also explain why he was never mentioned before. In “Madea’s Family Reunion,” Madea mentions to Judge Mablean that Joe is “her only brother.” This could mean that she does not claim Heathrow, though this is up for debate. Heathrow was married to Vianne’s unnamed mother for many years and stated that he was so happy when she died, and that she smelled like a nursing home.
Brothers: Frederick Baker and Willie Humphries
Frederick and Willie are Madea’s half-brothers, mentioned in her book. Not much is known about Frederick as he is only mentioned by name. Willie is the illegitimate brother of Madea, whom she briefly married before realizing they were related. After the revelation, she demanded a divorce and the two were not known to have spoken since.

Madea's sister
In Madea's Family Reunion, it was revealed that Madea has an younger sister named Irene Andrews, who has a son named Sonny and a daughter named Victoria. The play begins with everyone leaving Irene's funeral. Madea was shown as not caring much for her sister; in fact, not only does Madea claim she's happy Irene's died, but she has also said Irene probably killed herself to get out of repaying Madea 20 dollars, which Madea looked for by searching Irene’s bra during her funeral. In Madea Goes to Jail, Madea helps out Sonny by letting him and his wife Vanessa, along with their newborn Sonny Jr., stay at her home rent-free.

Irene’s daughter Victoria makes her debut in ‘’Madea’s Family Reunion (film)’’ and is depicted as a wealthy snob who is harshly critical of her adult daughters Lisa and Vanessa. Victoria revealed in a tearful rant that Irene was a prostitute with a drug problem and that she traded Victoria for $10 and a dose of crack cocaine when she was young. Victoria’s parenting was no better than her mother’s, as she showed favoritism to Lisa because her father had money and Vanessa’s father was an aspiring musician. She is shown to be well aware of the abuse that Lisa suffers at the hands of her fiancé Carlos, but she tells her to put up with it and stop making him angry in an effort to merge the families together and increase their wealth. Towards the end of the film though, Victoria has a change of heart and attempts to reconcile with both of her daughters, which she succeeds in doing so. Victoria’s bond with her Aunt Madea is mostly neutral, and there seems to be a bit of long-standing friction between aunt and niece that was ever present in each of their verbal exchanges. It can be assumed that Victoria is a blood relation to Madea as she refers to Joe as “Uncle Joe,” meaning that Joe is both Madea and Irene’s brother.

Madea's parenting, husbands, and childrenEdit

In Madea Goes to Jail, it was revealed that Madea supported her children by stripping, pole dancing, and professional wrestling, among other things.

Madea has buried nine husbands, among them Johnny and Carl. Madea claims to have shot some of them, poisoned others with her sweet potato pie and ate the rest. After each husband died, they were buried quickly and Madea collected their life insurance checks. Each time it's happened, Madea has stated "I'm tryin' to get to the insurance company by five, and the casino by nine!"

First husband: Johnny Simmons
Madea killed her first husband Johnny Simmons (deceased), the father of Michelle and William. Madea implies that she was glad when he died and that he was stubborn and abusive. Johnny's niece Vickie appears in Family Reunion; she is the mother of four sons. Madea poisoned her second husband. In “Madea’s Class Reunion,” Madea reveals to Diana that she had been married 17 times, though Madea has a tendency to exaggerate.

Daughter with first husband: Michelle Griffin
Madea's daughter, Michelle Griffin, was born when Madea and her first husband, Johnny, were teenagers. Michelle grew up to be a fugitive and neglectful mother of two daughters of her own, Maylee and Vianne, who appear in the play, I Can Do Bad All by Myself. Michelle's children might have different fathers.
Michelle's husband was a drunk who didn't spend enough time with either of his children. Madea explains that Michelle did not know the father of Maylee and called her "Maybe" because she was unaware of her father. Madea changed it to "Maylee" when she took her and Vianne out of the projects to raise them. Maylee has a 14-year-old daughter Keisha, who is also seen as a product of a neglectful mother. Keisha lived with her great-grandmother while Maylee lives her own life. Maylee reveals that Michelle allowed her drug dealer to have sex with Maylee in exchange for more drugs, which resulted in the birth of Keisha when Maylee was 15. Keisha ended up pregnant by a classmate named Kelly, and the unnamed child is presumably Madea’s first great-great-grandchild.

Daughter: Cora Simmons
Madea's daughter, Cora Jean Simmons, is her most recognized and only child to appear in most of the plays and movies. Cora is 44 in Diary of a Mad Black Woman. She was born in 1953 when Madea was 18. Cora is a devout Baptist and is often in the company of her father Leroy Brown.

Tina and Lisa only appear in Family Reunion, but are the only granddaughters to be mentioned all the time. They are Cora’s daughters with her late husband, who has never been seen or named.

Cora thought that Johnny was her father until Class Reunion, in which Madea reminded Cora that she [Cora] was the product of a one-night stand with Leroy Brown during their prom in 1953. This suggests that Madea is 68 years old in her first appearance, as well as in Madea's Class Reunion when her parents attend their 50th class reunion. Once Cora learned the truth, she became closer to Mr. Brown, visiting his family (in Meet the Browns) and taking him to the hospital in What's Done in the Dark. Their father/daughter plotline is shown on movies in Meet the Browns, the TV series Tyler Perry's House of Payne, and its spin-off series Meet the Browns. In the movie, Madea's Big Happy Family, Cora enlists the help of Maury Povich to find out if Leroy Brown is in fact her father. DNA tests reveal that he is not the father of Cora.

In Madea's Big Happy Family there is no apparent relation between Leroy Brown and Cora other than friends, but she still views him as a father.

Son: William Simmons
William is Madea's youngest child and only son. Depending on the chronological order of the plays, William could be younger than Cora. William is also deceased, making Cora the only surviving child of Madea. Madea has not mentioned her son at all, and his existence is only proven in “Diary of a Mad Black Woman” when Helen reveals to Orlando that Madea is her paternal grandmother. As far as the plays, Myrtle only appears in the Diary of a Mad Black Woman. She is, however, mentioned in the I Can Do Bad All by Myself play. In the plays, Myrtle is in her 50s. In the film timeline, Myrtle is in her 70s, and is placed in a retirement home. This shows a natural propensity to disregard timelines humorously, because Madea herself is only in her mid-70s, meaning either Myrtle looks older than she is or William married an older woman.

William and Myrtle have three children: Helen, Jackie, and Gina, all of whom have either appeared or been mentioned in one of the plays (though only Helen is mentioned in the movie). William's oldest daughter, Helen, is in her mid to late 30s in Diary of a Mad Black Woman, which makes William in his 50s. His cause of death is unknown. It is presumed that he was also a Christian, which is odd considering Madea is overall irreligious.

Media and entertainment featuring MadeaEdit

Madea has appeared in several plays (some of which have been recorded for repeated viewing), fully produced films, a couple of television programs (guest appearances), one book and one animated film. The character made her first appearance in the 1999 play I Can Do Bad All by Myself, later appearing in numerous other plays by Perry, then appearing in films based on those plays.

Plays (including recorded plays)Edit

FilmsEdit

Animated filmEdit

Television programsEdit

House of Payne (guest appearances)Edit

In the TBS comedy-drama House of Payne pilot episode "Bully and the Beast", Madea was the foster mother of Nikki. She factored into the plot through a school altercation between her adopted daughter and Curtis Payne's (the series' protagonist) great-nephew Malik. Curtis takes a particular disliking to Madea, who is not in the least bit intimidated by Curtis at all. Rather conversely, Curtis became intimidated by Madea and had nightmares about her.[15]

In the episode "The Wench Who Saved Christmas", Curtis tries to discourage everyone from having the Christmas spirit. He later fell asleep and dreamt that Madea was the ghost of Christmas past, present, and future. In this form, she tried to teach him a lesson about his killjoy behavior.[16]

In the episode "Wife Swap", Curtis' wife Ella chastises him for taking her for granted. That night, Curtis has an extended nightmare where he is married to Madea instead of Ella.[17]

Meet the Browns (mentioned)Edit

On another TBS series, Meet the Browns, Madea is said to be the mother of Cora Simmons as a result of a one-night stand with the show's lead character, She is an unseen character throughout the series.[18]

Love Thy Neighbor (guest appearance)Edit

On January 21, 2015, Madea made a special guest appearance in the Oprah Winfrey Network comedy series, Love Thy Neighbor. The episode titled "Madea's Pressure Is Up" aired as part of the 3rd season of Love Thy Neighbor.

BookEdit

Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings: Perry wrote the book in the character's persona. The book was published on April 11, 2006.

ReceptionEdit

PraiseEdit

In 2009, Entertainment Weekly put the character on its end-of-the-decade, "best-of" list, saying, "Whether she's going to jail or just opening up a can of whupass, Tyler Perry's Madea is the profane, gun-toting granny you never had but (maybe) wish you did."[19]

Parody and satireEdit

Orlando Jones's April Fools prankEdit

On April 1, 2013, Orlando Jones pulled an April Fools' Day prank, informing the public via his Huffington Post account that he would be replacing Perry as Madea. Jones led the public to believe that the decision had come amid Perry's prior obligations, assisting Oprah Winfrey with her struggling OWN network. As part of the prank, Jones released a photo of himself to the public in which he was impersonating Madea. In addition, he incorporated several pretend quotes seemingly issued by Perry, both acknowledging the news and giving Jones his blessing to continue on with the character. Unaware of the prank, however, many fans responded with great outrage and criticism. As result of increasing outcries from fans, Perry informed the public on April 15, 2013, that the news was untrue. Perry was quoted as stating, "That was an April Fool's joke that HE did. Not true. And not funny. When I'm done with Madea, she is done."[24]

CriticismEdit

Perry has been accused of minstrelsy and playing into black stereotypes with the Madea character, most notably by fellow black director Spike Lee. Perry's argument with Lee dates back to a 2009 interview in which Lee referred to Perry's films as "coonery buffoonery".[25] Lee equated the Madea movies with the old-time minstrel shows which lampooned black people as dim-witted, lazy, buffoonish, superstitious and happy-go-lucky,[26][27] and further stated that if a white director made a movie depicting black people in such a manner he would be ostracized.[25]

Perry responded by stating that his films were meant as entertainment and should not be taken so seriously. Stated Perry, "I am sick of him talking about me. I am sick of him saying, 'This is a coon, this is a buffoon.' I am sick of him talking about black people going to see movies. This is what he said: 'You vote by what you see'—as if black people don't know what they want to see. I am sick of him. He talked about Whoopi, he talked about Oprah, he talked about me, he talked about Clint Eastwood. Spike needs to shut the hell up!"[28]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Another Fine Mess: A History of American Film Comedy - Saul Austerlitz - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  2. ^ Pulsford, Brendan. "Tyler Perry's "Madea" Toys With Stereotypes - Arts". The Wesleyan Argus. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  3. ^ "Madea Goes to Jail". Moviemistakes.com. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  4. ^ "10-movies". 10-movies. Archived from the original on 2013-04-23. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  5. ^ Jet - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2006-02-27. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  6. ^ a b Moore, Tasha (2012-06-25). "Tyler Perry and the Business of 'Madea'". ScreenPicks. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  7. ^ Atlanta Magazine - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  8. ^ Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings: Madea's Uninhibited ... - Tyler Perry - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
  9. ^ "Hip Hop, News, Entertainment, Social and Business Network". The Flow Online. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  10. ^ "Tyler Perry Transforms: From Madea To Family Man". NPR. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
  11. ^ Fierce Angels: The Strong Black Woman in American Life and Culture - Sheri Parks - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  12. ^ Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings: Madea's Uninhibited ... - Tyler Perry - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  13. ^ "Madea saves all again in 'Madea Gets a Job' | HamptonRoads.com | PilotOnline.com". HamptonRoads.com. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  14. ^ McNary, Dave (22 June 2017). "Two Tyler Perry Movies Get 2018 Release Dates".
  15. ^ "Tyler Perry's House of Payne, Vol. 1: Episodes 1-20 [3 Discs] - DVD". Bestbuy.com. 2007-12-04. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  16. ^ "Preview: Tyler Perry's Madea visits House of Payne - Today's News: Our Take". TVGuide.com. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  17. ^ TV.com (2008-05-08). "Tyler Perry's House Of Payne - Season 4, Episode 1: Wife Swap". TV.com. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  18. ^ "Meet the Browns TV show | canceled + renewed TV shows". TV Series Finale. 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  19. ^ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz, Adam; Nashawaty, Chris; Pastorek, Whitney; Rice, Lynette; Rottenberg, Josh; Schwartz, Missy; Slezak, Michael; Snierson, Dan; Stack, Tim; Stroup, Kate; Tucker, Ken; Vary, Adam B.; Vozick-Levinson, Simon; Ward, Kate (December 11, 2009), "The 100 Greatest Movies, TV Shows, Albums, Books, Characters, Scenes, Episodes, Songs, Dresses, Music Videos, and Trends That Entertained Us Over the Past 10 Years". Entertainment Weekly. (1079/1080):74-84
  20. ^ McGlynn, Katla (2012-12-09). "Tyler Perry's Madea Meets 'Alex Cross' On Jamie Foxx 'SNL' Episode (Video)". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  21. ^ McFarland, Kevin (2013-04-29). ""The Full Cognitive Redaction Of Avery Bullock By The Coward Stan Smith" | American Dad | TV Club | TV". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
  22. ^ Braxton, Greg (2010-06-21). "Aaron McGruder's Boondocks' lampoons Tyler Perry". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  23. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0795461/fullcredits/
  24. ^ Scott, Tracy. "Tyler Perry calls Orlando Jones' news 'not true and not funny'". S2SMagazine.com. Archived from the original on 2014-01-28. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
  25. ^ a b "Spike Lee on Black Enterprise". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  26. ^ The Coon Character, Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia, Ferris State University. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  27. ^ John Kenrick, A History of the Musical: Minstrel Shows, musicals101.com. 1996, revised 2003. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  28. ^ Yamato, Jen (2011-04-20). "Madea's Tyler Perry Blasts Spike Lee: 'Spike Can Go Straight to Hell!'". Movieline. Retrieved 2012-12-29.

External linksEdit