Macleod (provincial electoral district)

Macleod was a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada, mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1905 to 1993.[1]

Macleod
Alberta electoral district
Defunct provincial electoral district
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Alberta
District created1905
District abolished1993
First contested1905
Last contested1989

HistoryEdit

The Macleod electoral district was one of the original 25 electoral districts contested in the 1905 Alberta general election upon Alberta joining Confederation in September 1905. The district was carried over from the territorial Macleod electoral district which returned a single member to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories from 1885 to 1905.[2] Frederick W. A. G. Haultain the former Premier of the Northwest Territories until 1905 and incumbent in the Northwest Territories Macleod district chose contest the South Qu'Appelle electoral district for a seat in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan.[3] Malcolm McKenzie a lawyer who had lived in Fort Macleod and previously worked with Haultain was elected the first representative of the Macleod district.[4]

The Macleod electoral district was abolished in the 1993 electoral district re-distribution when it was merged with Pincher Creek-Crowsnest to form the Pincher Creek-Macleod electoral district.

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)Edit

Members of the Legislative Assembly for Macleod
Assembly Years Member Party
1st  1905–1909     Malcolm McKenzie Liberal
2nd  1909–1910 Colin Genge
 1910–1913     Robert Patterson Conservative
3rd  1913–1917
4th  1917–1921     George Skelding Liberal
5th  1921–1926     William H. Shield United Farmers
6th  1926–1930
7th  1930–1935
8th  1935–1940     James Hartley Social Credit
9th  1940–1944
10th  1944–1948
11th  1948–1952
12th  1952–1955
13th  1955–1959
14th  1959–1963
15th  1963–1967
16th  1967–1971 Leighton E. Buckwell
17th  1971–1975
18th  1975–1979     Thomas J. Walker Progressive Conservative
19th  1979–1982 LeRoy Fjordbotten
20th  1982–1986
21st  1986–1989
22nd  1989–1993
See Pincher Creek-Macleod electoral district from 1993-1997

Election resultsEdit

1905 general electionEdit

The Returning Officer for the 1905 election was James Wilson.

1905 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Malcolm McKenzie 584 58.11%
Conservative David J. Crier 368 36.62%
Independent Duncan J.D.K. Campbell 53 5.27%
Total 1,005
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/A N/A
Liberal pickup new district.
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1909 general electionEdit

1909 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Colin Genge 342 51.12% -6.99%
Conservative E. P. McNeill 327 48.88% 12.26%
Total 669
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing -9.63%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1909 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1910 by-electionEdit

Alberta provincial by-election, October 3, 1910
Upon Colin Genge's death on March 25, 1910
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Patterson 446 55.47% 6.59%
Liberal Edward Maunsell 358 44.53% -6.59%
Total 804
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/A N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing 3.30%
Source(s)
"By-elections". Elections Alberta. Retrieved May 26, 2020.

1913 general electionEdit

1913 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Patterson 579 50.83% -4.64%
Liberal Arthur Sifton 560 49.17% 4.64%
Total 1,139
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing -2.32%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1913 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1917 general electionEdit

1917 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Skelding 728 51.78% 2.61%
Conservative Robert Patterson 678 48.22% -2.61%
Total 1,406
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout 1,813 77.55%
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing 0.94%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1917 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1921 general electionEdit

1921 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Farmers William H. Shield 727 53.97%
Liberal George Skelding 620 46.03% -5.75%
Total 1,347
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout 1,785 75.46%
United Farmers gain from Liberal Swing 2.19%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1921 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1926 general electionEdit

1926 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
% Votes
final count
±%
United Farmers William H. Shield 656 48.66% 709 -5.31%
Liberal John W. McDonald 567 42.06% 606 -3.97%
Conservative Robert Patterson 125 9.27%
Total 1,348
Rejected, spoiled and declined 56
Eligible electors / turnout 1,769 79.37% 3.90%
United Farmers hold Swing -0.67%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1926 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
As no candidate received a plurality of votes, the bottom candidate was eliminated and their 2nd place votes were applied to both other candidates until one received a plurality.

1930 general electionEdit

1930 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Farmers William H. Shield 1,539 65.80% 17.13%
Liberal John W. McDonald 800 34.20% -7.86%
Total 2,339
Rejected, spoiled and declined 85
Eligible electors / turnout 3,179 76.25% -3.12%
United Farmers hold Swing 12.50%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1930 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1935 general electionEdit

1935 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 1,680 61.83%
United Farmers William H. Shield 650 23.92% -41.87%
Liberal C. T. Schiebout 387 14.24% -19.96%
Total 2,717
Rejected, spoiled and declined 89
Eligible electors / turnout 3,260 86.07% 9.82%
Social Credit gain from United Farmers Swing 3.16%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1935 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1940 general electionEdit

1940 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 2,487 50.42% -11.42%
Independent G. B. Walker 2,446 49.58%
Total 4,933
Rejected, spoiled and declined 162
Eligible electors / turnout 6,190 82.31% -3.76%
Social Credit hold Swing -18.54%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1940 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1944 general electionEdit

1944 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 2,440 53.59% 3.18%
Independent Earnest Bennion 989 21.72% -27.86%
Co-operative Commonwealth Wilfred Perrin 972 21.35%
Labor–Progressive R.L. Welsh 152 3.34%
Total 4,553
Rejected, spoiled and declined 78
Eligible electors / turnout 6,141 75.41% -6.90%
Social Credit hold Swing 15.52%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1944 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1948 general electionEdit

1948 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 2,852 67.58% 13.99%
Co-operative Commonwealth Joseph E. Peterson 756 17.91% -3.43%
Liberal Everett E. Marjerison 612 14.50%
Total 4,220
Rejected, spoiled and declined 268
Eligible electors / turnout 6,620 67.79% -7.62%
Social Credit hold Swing 8.90%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1948 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1952 general electionEdit

1952 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 3,232 71.81% 4.22%
Liberal Michael J. Jordan 773 17.17% 2.67%
Co-operative Commonwealth Joseph E. Peterson 496 11.02% -6.89%
Total 4,501
Rejected, spoiled and declined 286
Eligible electors / turnout 5,703 83.94% 16.14%
Social Credit hold Swing 2.48%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1952 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1955 general electionEdit

1955 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 3,037 60.95% -10.86%
Liberal Charles V. Bennett 1,946 39.05% 21.88%
Total 4,983
Rejected, spoiled and declined 280
Eligible electors / turnout 7,937 66.31% -17.63%
Social Credit hold Swing -16.37%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1955 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1959 general electionEdit

1959 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 3,731 72.38% 11.43%
Progressive Conservative Leo E. Toone 949 18.41%
Liberal Dennis Arthur Mouser 475 9.21% -29.84%
Total 5,155
Rejected, spoiled and declined 18
Eligible electors / turnout 7,304 70.82% 4.51%
Social Credit hold Swing 16.04%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1959 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1963 general electionEdit

1963 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit James Hartley 3,127 64.73% -7.65%
Progressive Conservative Allie Streeter 1,466 30.35% 11.94%
New Democratic John K. Head 238 4.93%
Total 4,831
Rejected, spoiled and declined 12
Eligible electors / turnout 7,377 65.65% -5.17%
Social Credit hold Swing -9.79%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1963 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1967 general electionEdit

1967 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Leighton E. Buckwell 2,822 52.10% -12.63%
Progressive Conservative George Whitehead 1,773 32.73% 2.38%
New Democratic Sid J. Cornish 673 12.42% 7.50%
Liberal Melba J. Grimm 149 2.75%
Total 5,417
Rejected, spoiled and declined 44
Eligible electors / turnout 7,901 69.12% 3.47%
Social Credit hold Swing -7.51%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1967 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1971 general electionEdit

1971 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Leighton E. Buckwell 3,399 50.91% -1.19%
Progressive Conservative Danny Le Grandeur 2,808 42.05% 9.32%
New Democratic Sid J. Cornish 470 7.04% -5.38%
Total 6,677
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 31
Eligible electors / Turnout 8,701 77.09% 7.98%
Social Credit hold Swing -5.26%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1971 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1975 general electionEdit

1975 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Thomas J. Walker 3,671 55.70% 13.64%
Social Credit Leighton E. Buckwell 2,359 35.79% -15.11%
New Democratic Kay Cairns 330 5.01% -2.03%
Liberal Bill Olafson 231 3.50%
Total 6,591
Rejected, spoiled and declined 39
Eligible electors / turnout 9,833 67.43% -9.67%
Progressive Conservative gain from Social Credit Swing 5.53%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1975 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1979 general electionEdit

1979 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative LeRoy Fjordbotten 4,189 58.89% 3.20%
Social Credit Roelof A. Heinen 2,369 33.31% -2.48%
New Democratic Kathleen M. Cairns 384 5.40% 0.39%
Liberal Alfred Saddleback 171 2.40% -1.10%
Total 7,113
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 12
Eligible electors / Turnout 10,994 64.81% -2.62%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing 2.84%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1979 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1982 general electionEdit

1982 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative LeRoy Fjordbotten 6,136 71.52% 12.63%
Western Canada Concept Ellis Oviatt 1,293 15.07%
New Democratic Paul Abildgaard 546 6.36% -32.34%
Independent Dennis Irvine 280 3.26%
Independent Scot MacLean 180 2.10%
Liberal Inez Watmough 144 1.68% -0.73%
Total 8,579
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 22
Eligible electors / Turnout 11,908 72.23% 7.42%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing 15.43%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1982 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1986 general electionEdit

1986 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative LeRoy Fjordbotten 4,054 66.29% -5.24%
Representative Ed Shimek 1,303 21.30%
New Democratic Laurie Fiedler 759 12.41% 6.05%
Total 6,116
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 33
Eligible electors / Turnout 11,624 52.90% -19.33%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing -5.74%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1986 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1989 general electionEdit

1989 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative LeRoy Fjordbotten 4,459 67.49% 1.20%
New Democratic Mike Dawson 1,292 19.56% 7.14%
Liberal Darrell Piehl 856 12.96%
Total 6,607
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 28
Eligible electors / Turnout 11,266 58.89% 5.99%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing 1.48%
Source(s)
Source: "Macleod Official Results 1989 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

Plebiscite resultsEdit

1957 liquor plebisciteEdit

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Macleod[5]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot choice Votes %
No 1,909 50.22%
Yes 1,892 49.78%
Total votes 3,801 100%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 46
7,476 eligible electors, turnout 51.46%

On October 30, 1957 a stand alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[6]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A, asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B, asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton, asked if men and women were allowed to drink together in establishments.[5]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Macleod voted against the proposal by a very slim margin. The voter turnout in the district was well above the province wide average of 46% with well over half the electors turning out to vote.[5]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[5] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not consider the results binding.[7] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[8]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the plebiscite such as Macleod were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones. Business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Election results for Macleod". abheritage.ca. Wayback Machine: Heritage Community Foundation. Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  2. ^ "North-West Territories: Council and Legislative Assembly, 1876-1905" (PDF). Saskatchewan Archives. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  3. ^ "Saskatchewan Election Results by Electoral Division" (PDF). saskarchives.com. Saskatchewan Archives. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Macleod Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d Alberta Gazette. 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2, 247–2, 249.
  6. ^ "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273. The Lethbridge Herald. October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2.
  7. ^ "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267. The Lethbridge Herald. October 24, 1957. p. 1.
  8. ^ "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72. The Lethbridge Herald. March 5, 1968. p. 1.
  9. ^ "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 50°18′N 113°36′W / 50.3°N 113.6°W / 50.3; -113.6