Maciej Sulkiewicz

Maciej (Suleyman bey) Sulkiewicz (Belarusian: Мацей Аляксандравіч Сулькевіч, Azerbaijani: Süleyman bəy Sulkeviç, Russian: Матвей (Магомет) Сулькевич, Matvei (Magomet) Sulkevich; 20 June 1865, Kiemiejšy, now Voranava District, Grodno Region, Belarus – 15 July 1920, Baku) was a lieutenant general of the Russian Empire, Prime Minister of Crimea (1918), and Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces in 1918–20.

Maciej Sulkiewicz
Мацей Аляксандравіч Сулькевіч
Süleyman bəy Sulkeviç
Süleyman bəy Sulkeviç.jpg
Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces
In office
March 26, 1919 – December, 1919
Preceded byHabib Bey Salimov
Succeeded byAbdulhamid Bey Gaytabashi
Personal details
Born(1865-06-20)June 20, 1865
Kiemiejšy, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Belarus)
DiedJuly 15, 1920(1920-07-15) (aged 55)
Baku, Azerbaijan
Military service
Branch/serviceCoat of arms of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces.png Azerbaijani Armed Forces
Years of service1883 - 1920
RankLieutenant General
Battles/warsBoxer Rebellion
Russo-Japanese War
World War I
Russian Civil War

Born to parents of Lipka Tatar origin, he changed his name to Mohammad after settling in Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, but in Azerbaijan he is still known as Suleyman bey Sulkiewicz and Mammad bey Sulkiewicz.

He joined the Imperial Russian Army in 1883 and became an officer in 1886. He was promoted to major general in 1910 and to lieutenant general in 1915. Sulkiewicz participated in the Chinese expedition against the Boxers, in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. After the collapse of the Russian Empire Sulkiewicz formed the Crimean Regional Government as interim government in Crimea under the German occupying forces.[1] Prior to the loss of Crimea to White Russians, Sulkiewicz moved to Azerbaijan and became Chief of Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces of ADR on March 26, 1919.[2]

He was executed by the Bolsheviks, after the Bolshevik invasion of Azerbaijan in 1920.[1]


  1. ^ a b Vilayet (2006-12-02). "ПОЛЬСКИЕ ТАТАРЫ НА СЛУЖБЕ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОСТИ" [Polish Tatars serving for Azerbaijani Statehood]. Baku: Zerkalo.
  2. ^ Азербайджанская Демократическая Республика (1918 - 1920) Армия. (Документы и материалы) [Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. (1918-1920) The Army (Documents and collections)]. Baku: Archives. 1998. p. 86.