Mạc Đĩnh Chi Cemetery

  (Redirected from Mac Dinh Chi Cemetery)

Mạc Đĩnh Chi Cemetery was a large and prestigious French colonial cemetery in South Vietnam, located in the heart of former Saigon near the US Embassy, Saigon. The cemetery had a wooded, bucolic setting, surrounded by a tall concrete wall, with a gated entrance on Hai Ba Trung Street. It originated as the burial ground for those killed during the 1859 battle for the Gia Dinh Citadel.[1]

The cemetery was built by the French and had a European style confined within a quiet environment, giving it an air of simplicity, eeriness, and majesty. Small winding roads, lined with eucalyptus trees interspersed with straight roads, gave access to all corners of the cemetery. Eight-foot, bone white concrete walls enclosed it all around and gave it an air of isolation and solemnity in the middle of the noisy neighborhood. There were magnificent mausoleums, eight to ten feet high and six to eight feet wide, erected by families to commemorate their deceased. Others were simple tombstones, but no less impressive, with a block of stone marking the gallant deeds of the beloved person. It was by far the largest, cleanest and best-kept cemetery in Saigon.

Burial there was reserved for French governors and colonial officials, high-ranking Vietnamese politicians, generals, former war heroes, celebrities and prominent members of the South Vietnamese society. In 1955 it was named Mac Dinh Chi, after the renowned Vietnamese scholar and diplomat Mạc Đĩnh Chi (1280–1350).[1] South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu were interred there in unmarked graves following their assassinations.[2] The famous French correspondent for Time and Newsweek magazines François Sully[2] and the American missionary Grace Cadman[3] were also buried there.

In the early 1980s, Vietnam's communist government declared the cemetery a corrupt reminder of the past. In 1983 the Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee passed a resolution to abolish the cemetery, and ordered all remains to be exhumed and removed. Family members were given two months to claim their loved ones. Then the mausoleums and tombstones were bulldozed to the ground to create a children's park and playground.[2][4][5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Streets of Saigon". Archived from the original on 2002-08-15. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
  2. ^ a b c Tet and remembrance of the dead, International Herald Tribune, February 28, 2005
  3. ^ "Missionaries William and Grace Cadman". Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  4. ^ Vietnamese Also Extending The Search for Their M.I.A.'s, New York Times, May 20, 1994
  5. ^ In The Age of Globalization, Even the Dead Travel

Further readingEdit

  • Tin Bui, Judy Stowe, Do Van, Carlyle A. Thayer. Following Ho Chi Minh: The Memoirs of a North Vietnamese Colonel. University of Hawaii Press, 1995 ISBN 978-0-8248-2233-0
  • David Lan Pham. Two hamlets in Nam Bo: memoirs of life in Vietnam through Japanese occupation, the French and American wars, and communist rule, 1940–1986. McFarland, 2000 ISBN 978-0-7864-0646-3
  • Arthur J. Dommen. The Indochinese experience of the French and the Americans: nationalism and communism in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Indiana University Press, 2001 ISBN 978-0-253-33854-9

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 10°47′19″N 106°41′37″E / 10.7886°N 106.6937°E / 10.7886; 106.6937