Ma Xingrui (Chinese: 马兴瑞; born October 1959) is a Chinese politician and aerospace engineer who is the Governor of Guangdong. Prior to his governorship, he had served as head of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of Guangdong, Communist Party Secretary of Shenzhen, and Deputy Party Secretary of Guangdong. Ma is a full member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
|Governor of Guangdong|
|Assumed office |
December 30, 2016
(Acting until January 23, 2017)
|Leader||Hu Chunhua (Party secretary)|
|Preceded by||Zhu Xiaodan|
|Communist Party Secretary of Shenzhen|
March 26, 2015 – December 30, 2016
|Deputy||Xu Qin (Mayor)|
|Preceded by||Wang Rong|
|Succeeded by||Xu Qin|
|Director of the China National Space Administration|
March 2013 – November 2013
|Preceded by||Chen Qiufa|
|Succeeded by||Xu Dazhe|
|Born||October 1959 (age 60)|
Shuangyashan, Heilongjiang, China
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Liaoning University of Technology|
Harbin Institute of Technology
Ma is recognized as one of China's top scientists. He previously served as Vice President of Harbin Institute of Technology, General Manager of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Director of the China National Space Administration, and chief commander of Chang'e 3, China's first lunar exploration mission.
Education and academic careerEdit
Ma Xingrui was born in October 1959 in Shuangyashan, Heilongjiang province, to a family of mine workers in China's industrial northeast. His branch of the family migrated from Yuncheng County, Shandong to Shuangyashan in the 1930s during his grandfather's generation. He received a bachelor's degree at Fuxin Mining College (now Liaoning University of Technology) in 1982, and went on to graduate school for general mechanics at Tianjin University. He earned his doctorate in mechanics at Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT). He joined the Communist Party of China in January 1988. He stayed at HIT to pursue post-doctoral work, and was named a professor in 1991. In April 1992 he became dean of the school of mechanics at the institute. In April 1996 he was named vice president of the institute.
In May 1996 Ma was appointed Vice-Dean of Chinese Academy of Space Technology (CAST), and became the leader and chief engineer of the Shijian 5 satellite project. In 1999 he was named deputy general manager of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). In December 2003 he was additionally appointed Chairman of the Sino Satellite Communications Company and worked on various lunar missions. In September 2007, Ma was promoted to General Manager of CASC.
In 2013 Ma was appointed Director of the China National Space Administration, Director of the China Atomic Energy Authority, Director of the SASTIND, and Vice-Minister of Industry and Information Technology. He was the chief commander of the successful Chang'e 3 mission, China's first lunar surface exploration.
In 2012, Ma was elected as a full member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In November 2013, Ma left his posts in the world of science and was transferred to Guangdong to serve as deputy party chief of the province and concurrently the Secretary of the provincial Political and Legal Affairs Commission. In March 2015, he was named Communist Party Secretary of Shenzhen, replacing Wang Rong. Ma's appointment in Shenzhen placed him in his first executive party leadership role. His appointment also elevated the status of the office, given that his predecessor Wang is only an alternate member of the Central Committee, while Ma is a full member.
In December 2016, Ma was appointed as the acting Governor of Guangdong. In a break with tradition, Ma became the first governor in over 30 years to have not been native to the province. Ma was elected as the Governor of Guangdong on January 23, 2017.
- He Huifeng (26 March 2015). "China's moon mission chief Ma Xingrui named party chief of high-tech hub Shenzhen". South China Morning Post.
- "马兴瑞2年内三次跨界式工作换岗". Beijing Youth Daily. 2015-03-26.
- 中央批准马兴瑞任中国航天科技集团公司党组书记. People's Daily (in Chinese). 2007-09-20.
- "马兴瑞执掌深圳 副省级市唯一"特例"". Duowei. March 26, 2015.
- "马兴瑞任广东省副省长、代理省长". The Paper. 2016-12-30. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
- "李玉妹当选省人大常委会主任 马兴瑞当选广东省省长". Xinhua. January 24, 2017.