Ma Rong

Ma Rong (Chinese: 馬融; 79–166), courtesy name Jichang (季长), was a Chinese poet and politician of the Eastern Han dynasty. He was born in Youfufeng (右扶風) in the former Han capital region, in modern Xianyang, Shaanxi Province. He was known for his commentaries on the books on the Five Classics, and the first scholar known to have done this. He also developed the double column commentary while doing it. His main students were Lu Zhi and Zheng Xuan.

Ma Rong
Traditional Chinese馬融
Simplified Chinese马融

He was suspended for ten years due to critical comments. Eventually he was restored to the Governor of Nan Commandery (modern Hubei). His biography appears in the Book of Later Han. He wrote the Rhapsody on Long Flute (長笛賦); the Song dynasty Classic of Loyalty (忠經), patterned after the Classic of Filial Piety, bears attribution to his name.[1]


  1. ^ Liu Kwang-ching (1990). "Socioethics as Orthodoxy". In Liu Kwang-ching (ed.). Orthodoxy In Late Imperial China. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 69. ISBN 9780520065420.