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Coordinates: 22°25′19.41″N 114°13′56.66″E / 22.4220583°N 114.2324056°E / 22.4220583; 114.2324056

Ma On Shan
Ma On Shan Aerial View 201712.jpg
A view of Ma On Shan and the Tolo Harbour
Traditional Chinese馬鞍山
Simplified Chinese马鞍山
Literal meaningSaddle Hill

Ma On Shan is a new town along the eastern coast of Tolo Harbour in the New Territories of Hong Kong. Although it was initially an extension of Sha Tin New Town, it has its own town centre and various government facilities, and is now classified as a separate new town in government reports.[1] Administratively, it belongs to Sha Tin District.

Contents

GeographyEdit

Ma On Shan is located by the west face of the twin peaks of Ma On Shan, which can be translated as "horse saddle mountain". The town is built on the strip between Tolo Harbour and Ma On Shan mountain. The north end of the town reaches the settlement of Wu Kai Sha and the southern Tai Shui Hang.

HistoryEdit

The original Ma On Shan Village still houses around 80 families. Yan Kwong Lutheran Church, one of two original churches established during the area's mining heyday, was revitalised in around 2014 as a centre to highlight the history and culture of the old village.[2]

Deep inside the slope of Ma On Shan was an iron mine. The mine was long abandoned before the more recent new town development. The quarrying workers spoke a language which is a combination of various languages in Southern China.[citation needed]

Three treasuresEdit

Historically, the three treasures of Ma On Shan were:
1. Iron ore: The deposit is estimated to have comprised over 7 million tonnes. The iron extracted from the 1950s to 1970s was mainly exported to Japan.

2. Azaleas: The azalea species Rhododendron hongkongense was discovered in Hong Kong in 1851 but was mistaken for another, only acquiring its "Hongkong" name in 1930. The species, which is found only on Ma On Shan and a few nearby sites, blooms in April with colours ranging from white to light red. Since 2006, an annual "Ma On Shan Azalea Festival" has promoted the azalea as the symbol of the district, celebrating six locally native species: (Rhododendron championae, Rhododendron farrerae, Rhododendron hongkongense, Rhododendron moulmainense, Rhododendron simiarum and Rhododendron simsii[3]) Various activities are held, including planting azaleas in housing estates and greenery areas, a photo-taking competition, painting competition, and exhibitions. The event is organised by Sha Tin East Area Committee of the District Council, Sha Tin District Office, Civil Engineering and Development Department, Leisure and Cultural Services Department, Ma On Shan Promotion of Livelihood and Recreation Association, the MTRC and various other bodies.[4][5]

3. Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak): The natural habitat of this species includes Hong Kong and as far west as India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The male has short antlers and canine teeth and likes to rest in bushes or tall grass. It feeds on leaves, underground roots and tubers, and sometimes tree bark. They live alone and if they are scared or during the mating season, produce a strange bark, hence their nickname "barking deer". They are timid and shy, with records showing that some local specimens died of fright when captured.

Development of public housing estates commenced in the mid-1980s, with Heng on Estate completed in 1987,[6] followed by Chevalier Garden in 1988.[7] The Ma On Shan Line of the MTR was opened in 2004.[8]

Shopping centresEdit

 
Sunshine City Plaza in 2008
 
Ma On Shan Plaza
 
Double Cove Place

Whilst Ma On Shan is a relatively small town in the New Territories, it is well known by Hong Kong residents and expatriates alike. The town features a three-storey shopping centre, Sunshine City Plaza. Connecting to Sunshine City Plaza are two other shopping centres; Ma On Shan Plaza and Sunshine Bazaar.

Ma On Shan PlazaEdit

Ma On Shan Plaza is a shopping centre in the town centre of Ma On Shan in the Sha Tin District. Located on Sai Sha Road, it is connected to the Sunshine City Plaza and the Ma On Shan Station of the MTR Ma On Shan Line by footbridges. It is an associated shopping centre built together with the residential estate of Bayshore Towers, developed by Cheung Kong Holdings. The shopping centre has been famous for its indoor merry-go-round for the amusement of visitors who purchase items in any shops in the shopping arcade up to a certain amount. The merry-go-round, together with the water-operated clock tower next to it, has been the symbol of the Ma On Shan Plaza.

MOSTownEdit

MOSTown is a one-stop place to buy almost anything. The majority of shops are clothing shops, including well-known labels like Levi's, Bauhaus, Adidas, Giordano, and many others mostly specialising in women's fashion. MOSTown also boasts a large "Citistore" department store selling clothes, mattresses, beds, toys, electrical appliances, luggage and more.

Numerous restaurants can be found in the plaza and as well as local Cantonese favourites, you will also find McDonald's and KFC outlets. A large "Market Place by Jasons" supermarket is present as is a pharmacy, cosmetics shops, hairdressers, tea houses, bakeries, shoe-shops and a classic favourite: an HK "$12" shop.

Sunshine BazaarEdit

Sunshine Bazaar is a small arcade-size retail space that features a bank, pet shop, music store, family medical centre and tutorial centre(s).

Private housing estatesEdit

Ma On Shan is an area with a high density of private housing estate. Some of the larger private housing estates in Ma On Shan are:

Public facilitiesEdit

 
Ma On Shan Police Station

The Ma On Shan Sports Ground opens all week. Badminton courts and table-tennis tables abound, and the cost of a badminton court for one hour is around HK$60 (half-price for students).

Near the sports centre is the Ma On Shan Public Swimming Pool. Adjacent to the pool is the 'SA Poolside Cafe', a popular café run by the Salvation Army, staffed by young disabled men and women who provide a valuable service and gain immensely from the experience. The majority of the café's profits go towards the Salvation Army. The public library is near the sports centre and swimming pool, offering a free internet service and wordprocessing facilities.

The Ma On Shan Public Library, completed in the 2000s, provides an alternative location for reading and research to the Sha Tin Public Library.

SchoolsEdit

TransportEdit

 
Ma On Shan MTR Station

Ma On Shan is served by numerous modes of transport.

Buses: Numerous buses and public light buses serve the area and connect residents to nearby places including Sha Tin, Tai Po, and Kowloon, including a number of cross-harbour routes to Hong Kong Island.

Taxis: Ma On Shan is served by both green and red taxis. Green taxis only serve the outer New Territories, while red taxis also serve the urban areas of Hong Kong and are more expensive.

Railways: The Ma On Shan line of the MTR network was opened on 21 December 2004 by the Kowloon-Canton Railway. The last four stations on the line, Tai Shui Hang, Heng On, Ma On Shan, and Wu Kai Sha lie within Ma On Shan, of which Ma On Shan station is located directly in the town centre. The other end of the line is at Tai Wai, where passengers can change to the East Rail line for service to Kowloon and the mainland border crossings at Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau.

As part of the Sha Tin to Central Link project, the Ma On Shan line will be extended via Hin Tin and the Lion Rock Tunnel to eastern Kowloon and connect with the West Rail line at Hung Hom station, forming the Tuen Ma line with direct service to Tsuen Wan and Tuen Mun.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20110721092543/http://www.statistics.gov.hk/publication/stat_report/population/B1220001012006XXXXB0202.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Take a glimpse of Hong Kong’s mining past, EJ Insight, 26 September 2015
  3. ^ "Native Azaleas in Hong Kong" (PDF).
  4. ^ Ma On Shan Azalea Festival Archived 31 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Ma On Shan Azalea". Archived from the original on 31 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Heng on Estate". Hong Kong Housing Authority. Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Chevalier Garden". Hong Kong Housing Authority. Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  8. ^ "The Financial Secretary inaugurates MOS Rail today". Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation. 21 December 2004. Retrieved 7 August 2009.
  9. ^ Profile of Monte Vista
  10. ^ Official website of Monte Vista Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Official website of Villa Athena
  12. ^ Information page for Vista Paradiso
  13. ^ Emporis.com
  14. ^ Hong Kong Property