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Ma Haiyan (1837–1900) was a Chinese Muslim General of the Qing Dynasty. Originally a rebel, he defected to Qing during the Dungan revolt and helped crush rebel Muslims.[1]

Ma Haiyan
Born馬海晏 1837
Linxia County, Gansu
AllegianceFlag of the Qing dynasty Qing dynasty
Years of service1877–1900
Battles/warsDungan revolt
Dungan Revolt (1895)
Boxer Rebellion
Ma Haiyan
Traditional Chinese馬海晏
Simplified Chinese马海晏

He was the father of Ma Qi and Ma Lin (warlord)[2] and of Ma Feng 馬風.

Dong Fuxiang, Ma Anliang and Ma Haiyan were originally called to Beijing during the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894, but the Dungan Revolt (1895) broke out and they were subsequently sent to crush the rebels.[3]

During the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898 Dong Fuxiang, Ma Anliang, and Ma Haiyan were called to Beijing and helped put an end to the reform movement along with Ma Fulu and Ma Fuxiang.[4]

He fought against the foreign Eight Nation Alliance in the Boxer Rebellion with his nephew Ma Biao serving under him, besieged the Catholic Xishiku Cathedral and the legations, and defeated the Alliance at Battle of Langfang, and died of exhaustion while he and the Kansu Braves were escorting the Imperial family to safety.[5] His son Ma Qi took over his posts.

Ma Biao was the eldest son of Ma Haiqing 馬海清, who was the sixth younger brother of Ma Haiyan, the grandfather of Ma Bufang.[6] Ma Haiyuan (Ma Hai-yüan) 馬海淵 was the seventh younger brother of Ma Haiyan, father of Ma Guzhong and Ma Bao (Ma Pao) 馬寶, and grandfather of Ma Zhongying.


  1. ^ Jun Jing (1998). The Temple of Memories: History, Power, and Morality in a Chinese Village. Stanford University Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-8047-2757-0. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  2. ^ University of Cambridge. Mongolia & Inner Asia Studies Unit (2002). Inner Asia, Volume 4, Issues 1-2. The White Horse Press for the Mongolia and Inner Asia Studies Unit at the University of Cambridge. p. 204. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  3. ^ 董福祥与西北马家军阀的的故事 - 360Doc个人图书馆
  4. ^ 董福祥与西北马家军阀的的故事 - 360Doc个人图书馆
  5. ^ 民国少数民族将军(组图)2 - 360Doc个人图书馆
  6. ^ 民国少数民族将军(组图)2 - 360Doc个人图书馆