MTU Aero Engines

MTU Aero Engines AG is a German aircraft engine manufacturer. MTU develops, manufactures and provides service support for military and civil aircraft engines. MTU Aero Engines was formerly known as MTU München.

MTU Aero Engines AG
TypeAktiengesellschaft
FWBMTX
DAX Component
IndustryAerospace, defence
PredecessorBMW Flugmotorenbau GmbH
Founded22 December 1934; 86 years ago (1934-12-22)
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
Key people
Reiner Winkler (CEO and chairman of the management board), Klaus Eberhardt (Chairman of the supervisory board)
ProductsProduction and maintenance of civil and military aircraft engines; industrial gas turbines
RevenueIncrease €4.628 billion (2019)[1]
Increase €706 million (2019)[1]
Increase €488 million (2019)[1]
Total assetsIncrease €7.765 billion (31 December 2019)[1]
Total equityIncrease €2.421 billion (31 December 2019)[1]
Number of employees
Increase 10,660 (31 December 2019)[1]
SubsidiariesVericor Power Systems
Websitemtu.de/en

HistoryEdit

While the Munich-based engine manufacturer Rapp Motorenwerke, and subsequently BMW, had produced aircraft engines since 1913, the modern company regards the formal date of its formation as being 1934, the year in which BMW Flugmotorenbau GmbH was spun-off from BMW. This step was initiated by the Ministry of Aviation in order to disguise the planned rearmament of the Luftwaffe – as a standalone limited company the Flugmotorenbau GmbH had less strict disclosure requirements. Additionally, BMW aimed at outsourcing the unforeseeable risk of contributing to the German rearmament.[2]: 157–158  In 1936, BMW built an aircraft engine plant in Allach near Munich, which are the headquarters of MTU Aero Engines today. In 1940, the plant was expanded significantly to start large-scale production of BMW 801 aircraft engines, which powered the Focke-Wulfe FW 190 fighter aircraft and Dornier Do 217 bomber aircraft.[3]

Following the conclusion of the conflict in May 1945, American troops occupied the factory grounds in Allach, after which aircraft engine production was halted for ten years. During these years, the factory served as a U.S. Army vehicle and artillery repair shop.[4]

1950sEdit

On 22 January 1954, BMW formally re-commenced aircraft engine development. Three years later, after the ban on engine production was lifted in Germany, the company was able to restart aero engine production at Allach, initially focusing upon the licensed production of foreign-sourced, typically American, aero engines. By 1959, BMW Triebwerkbau GmbH was engaged in the production under licence of the General Electric J79-11A turbojet engine for the German Air Force's Lockheed F-104 Starfighter fleet.

1960sEdit

During the 1960s, the Rolls-Royce Tyne turboprop engine was also being manufactured via a licensing arrangement, it was used as the powerplant for multiple Luftwaffe aircraft, such as the Breguet Atlantic, a maritime patrol aircraft, and the C-160 Transall, a utility transport aircraft.[5] In addition to licensing other firm's aero engine designs, the company was keen to branch out into the development of new engines via the formation of risk-sharing partnerships with other European manufacturers.

In autumn 1968, MAN Turbo GmbH and Daimler-Benz formed a new joint venture, initially known as Entwicklungsgesellschaft für Turbomotoren GmbH, which combined their aircraft engine development and manufacturing interests.[6][7] In July 1969, this joint venture was superseded by Motoren- und Turbinen-Union GmbH (MTU), which took over the aircraft engine and high-speed diesel engine activities of both MAN Turbo and Daimler-Benz.[6][7] MTU München was responsible for aircraft engines, while MTU Friedrichshafen was responsible for diesel engines and other gas turbines.

On 14 October 1969, BMW formalised its cooperation with both the British aero engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce and the Italian aerospace company FiatAvio through the foundation of Turbo-Union; this entity was established as a joint venture to develop and manufacture the Turbo-Union RB199, a military-grade turbofan engine that was primarily produced to power the Panavia Tornado, a swing-wing multirole combat aircraft adopted by various European nations, including Germany.[5][8] BMW held a 40 per cent stake in the ownership of Turbo-Union, while Rolls-Royce held another 40 per cent with the remainder owned by FiatAvio; workshare for the production of the RB199 itself was also divided along a similar ratio.[9][10]

1980sEdit

During 1985, Daimler-Benz acquired MAN's 50% share in the company, after which MTU was placed under its aerospace subsidiary, DASA.

In 1986, EuroJet Turbo GmbH was founded to manage the development, production, support, maintenance, support and sales of the EJ200 turbofan engine for the Eurofighter Typhoon fighter.[11] At the time of its establishment, the original partners in Eurojet GmbH were Rolls-Royce, MTU, Fiat and Sener.[12][13] The EJ200 engine combined the leading technologies from each of the four European companies, using advanced digital control and health monitoring; wide chord aerofoils and single crystal turbine blades; and a convergent / divergent exhaust nozzle to give excellent thrust-to-weight ratio, multimission capability, supercruise performance, low fuel consumption, low cost of ownership, modular construction and significant growth potential.[14][15][16] By late 2006, Eurojet had been contracted to produce a total of 1,400 engines for the Eurofighter.[17]

During June 1989, another joint venture, MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce (MTR) was established as a part of the framework created on behalf of the French and West German governments to developed an advanced multirole battlefield helicopter, the Eurocopter Tiger. MTR's role in the programme was to develop and manufacture the MTR390 powerplant that powers the Tiger.[18] While it operates as the programme management company responsible for the engine, it is jointly staffed by the partner companies, these being MTU, France's Turbomeca and Rolls-Royce.[19] The initial workshare was divided as follows: Turbomeca produced the compressor, gearbox, accessories and control system, Rolls-Royce manufactured the power turbine stage, while MTU was responsible for the combustor, high-pressure turbine, along with the final assembly of the entire first batch of engines.[20] During early 2000, an initial production contract was signed by the German Federal Office of Defence Technology and Procurement (BWB) and MTR; valued at DM430 million and comprising 320 engines plus spares, the contract represented the MTU390's clearance for production.[20]

2000sEdit

 
The Europrop TP400 engine on static display at the Paris Air Show, 2017

During 2000 DASA was merged with several other European companies to form the European Aeronautics and Defense Systems (EADS) multinational conglomerate, MTU was split off and remained a part of DaimlerChrysler. Three years later, MTU was sold to the private equity firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR). During 2005, KKR opted to sell all of its shares in the firm on the stock exchange.[21]

In 2002, the Europrop International (EPI) consortium was set up by four aero engine manufacturers, MTU, France's Safran Aircraft Engines, Rolls-Royce and Spain's Industria de Turbo Propulsores.[22][23][24] EPI GmbH is tasked with designing, developing, marketing, manufacturing and providing support for the TP400-D6 turboprop engine to power the Airbus A400M Atlas, a military airlifter manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space.[25][23][24][26] The TP400 is the most powerful turboprop in the world currently in production.[27][28]

2010sEdit

In 2019, MTU announced that Serbia would be a centre for aircraft engine repairs, after MTU Aero Engines signed a memorandum of understanding with Serbia's Economy Ministry; a new facility shall be established in the northern town of Stara Pazova, near to Belgrade.[29] The company possesses numerous other locations around the globe, including Rocky Hill, Connecticut; Vancouver, British Columbia; Rzeszów, Poland; Zhu Hai, China and Dallas, Texas.[citation needed]

During December 2019, Safran and MTU announced an agreement to found a 50/50 joint venture to manage the development, production, and after-sales support activities of the new military aero engine intended to power the Future Combat Air System.[30]

ProductsEdit

CivilEdit

Source:[31]

  • PW4000Growth, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • PW1000G, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • PW2000, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • PW6000, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • PW300, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • PW500, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • JT8D, partner to Pratt & Whitney.
  • GP7000, partner to Engine Alliance.
  • V2500, partner to International Aero Engines.
  • GEnx, partner to General Electric.
  • GE90, partner to General Electric.
  • GE9x, partner to General Electric.
  • CF6, subcontracting to General Electric.
  • CFM56, subcontracting to CFM International.
  • LM 2500,[32] LM5000, LM6000, LMS100

MilitaryEdit

Source:[33]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report 2019" (PDF). MTU Aero Engines. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  2. ^ Lorenzen, Till (2011). BMW als Flugmotorenhersteller 1926-1940 : staatliche Lenkungsmassnahmen und unternehmerische Handlungsspielräume (in German). Munich: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-486-70979-7. OCLC 883632214.
  3. ^ MTU Aero Engines. "The early years". www.mtu.de. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  4. ^ "The early years". MTU Aero Engines. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  5. ^ a b "The 1950s and 60s". MTU Aero Engines. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b "75 years: MTU Aero Engines celebrates anniversary". Global Business Jet. Stansted News Limited. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  7. ^ a b "AERO ENGINES 1970". Flight International. Flight International. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  8. ^ "Turbounion". Turbounion. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Turbo-Union" (PDF). Flight International: 183. 19 January 1980.
  10. ^ Skinner, Stephen (2012). British Aircraft Corporation: A History. Crowood. ISBN 9781847974501. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Eurojet: Company profile". www.eurojet.de. Retrieved 6 July 2007.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Donne, Michael (3 August 1985). "Why three into one will go; Europe's new combat aircraft". Financial Times. p. 6.
  13. ^ "Rolls to Complete ITP Acquisition for $847.5M". americanmachinist.com. 11 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Eurofighter Typhoon—EJ200 engine fact sheet". Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  15. ^ http://www.mtu.de/fileadmin/EN/2_Engines/2_Military_Aircraft_Engines/1_Fighter_Aircraft/EJ200/ProductLeaflet_EJ200.pdf
  16. ^ GmbH, EUROJET Turbo. "Eurofighter Typhoon Pilots Emphasise Exceptional Performance of the EJ200 Engine in Service /PR Newswire UK/". Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  17. ^ "EUROJET delivers all 363 Tranche 1 Engines to schedule" (PDF) (Press release). Eurojet GmbH. 22 December 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28.
  18. ^ Krotz 2001, pp. 130-131.
  19. ^ "MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce GmbH". Aviation Week. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Production contract signed for Tiger's MTR390 engine". Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology. 72 (2). 1 April 2000. doi:10.1108/aeat.2000.12772bab.051. ISSN 0002-2667.
  21. ^ "KKR Sells All MTU Shares". defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  22. ^ "EUROPROP INTERNATIONAL". Safran Aircraft Engines. 2015-04-01. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  23. ^ a b "TP400-D6 - MTU Aero Engines". www.mtu.de. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  24. ^ a b "TP400-D6". www.rolls-royce.com. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  25. ^ "TP400-D6 - MTU Aero Engines". www.mtu.de. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  26. ^ "EPI achieves the assembly of the 400th TP400 turboprop". Safran Aircraft Engines. 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  27. ^ "TP400-D6 turboprop engine - Europrop International". Europrop. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  28. ^ "TP400". Safran Aircraft Engines. 2015-05-22. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  29. ^ "German company signs memorandum on understanding with Serbia's Economy Ministry". rs.n1info.com. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  30. ^ . Janes. 3 December 2019 https://www.janes.com/article/92964/safran-mtu-agree-framework-for-future-fighter-engine. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 October 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "LM2500 - MTU Aero Engines".
  33. ^ http://mtu.de/en/products_services/military_business/programs/index.html[permanent dead link]

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit