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Moscow Ring Road

  (Redirected from MKAD)

The Moscow Automobile Ring Road (Russian: Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога, Moskovskaya Koltsevaya Avtomobilnaya Doroga), or MKAD (МКАД), is a ring road encircling the parts of the City of Moscow, the capital of Russia. The length of the road is 108.9 km (67.7 mi), and the number of exits is 35 (including 10 interchanges).

Moscow Ring Road (MKAD)
Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога
MKAD on Moscow map[1]
Route information
Part of E22 E30 E101 E105 E115 E119
Length108.9 km (67.7 mi)
Existed1961–present
Location
Major citiesMoscow
Highway system
Russian Federal Highways

HistoryEdit

The growth of traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realise Russia's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running 108.9 kilometres along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph).

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980s Moscow started annexing territory outside the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD.[2]

In 1995-1999 the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001 all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office.

RouteEdit

Distance
(approx.)
Destinations Notes
0 km     M7 (Entuziastov shosse) — Nizhny Novgorod
2 km   Pobeda ulitsa — Reutov, Ivanovskoe
4 km   Ketcherskaya ulitsa, Nosovikhinskoye ulitsa — Balashikha, Elektrougli
7 km   Moldagulovoy ulitsa, Novoukhtomskoe shosse
8 km   Ryazansky prospekt, Lermontovsky prospekt — Lyubertsy
11 km     M5 (Volgogradsky prospekt, Novoryazanskoye shosse) — Bykovo Airport, Ryazan
14 km   Verkhniye Polya ulitsa — Kotelniki
16 km   Energetikov ulitsa, Kapotnya ulitsa — Dzerzhinsky, Kapotnya
20 km   Besedinskoe shosse — Besedy
24 km   Kashira Highway
27 km     M4 (Lipetskaya ulitsa) — Domodedovo Airport, Vidnoe, Kashira, Rostov-on-Don
30 km   Bulatnikovo
33 km     M2 (Varshavskoe shosse) — Podolsk, Ostafyevo International Airport
35 km   Polyany ulitsa — Butovo
38 km   Paustovskogo ulitsa — Yasenevo
41 km     A130, Profsoyuznaya ulitsa
45 km     M3 (Kievskoe shosse), Leninsky Avenue — Vnukovo Airport, Bryansk, Kiev
48 km   Borovskoye shosse, Ozyornaya ulitsa
55 km     M1 (Minskoye shosse), Mozhayskoye shosse — Smolensk, Brest
56 km   Gorbunova ulitsa — Nemchinovka
60 km     A106 (Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse) — Uspenskoye
61 km   Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse — Rublevo
63 km     M9 (Novorizhskoye shosse), Marshala Zhukova prospekt — Riga, Velikiye Luki
65 km   Myankininsky prospekt — Myakinino
68 km     A109 (Volokolamskoye shosse) — Dedovsk, Petrovo-Dalneye
72 km   Novokurkinskoye shosse — Kurkino
74 km   Svobody ulitsa, Molodezhnaya ulitsa — Kurkino
75 km     M10 (Leningradskoye Highway) — Sheremetyevo International Airport, Khimki, St. Petersburg
78 km     M11
82 km     A104 (Dmitrovskoye shosse) — Dubna, Dmitrov
85 km   Altufyevskoye shosse — Veshki
91 km   Ostashskaya ulitsa
95 km     M8 (Yaroslavskoye shosse) — Yaroslavl
103 km   Khabarovskaya ulitsa — Abramtsevo
105 km     A103 (Shchelkovskoye shosse) — Shchyolkovo

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Map not including the new boroughs (2012) of Novomoskovsky and Troitsky
  2. ^ "Bul'var Dmitriya Donskogo". Moscow Metro official site. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2013.

External linksEdit