MGM Grand Las Vegas
The MGM Grand Las Vegas (formerly Marina and MGM-Marina) is a hotel and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The MGM Grand is the largest single hotel in the United States with 6,852 rooms. It is also the third-largest hotel complex in the world by number of rooms and second-largest hotel resort complex in the United States behind the combined The Venetian and The Palazzo. When it opened in 1993, the MGM Grand was the largest hotel complex in the world.
|MGM Grand Las Vegas|
|Address||3799 South Las Vegas Boulevard|
|Opening date||December 18, 1993|
|No. of rooms||6,852|
|Total gaming space||171,500 sq ft (15,930 m2)|
Brad Garrett's Comedy Club|
MGM Grand Garden Arena|
CSI: The Experience
L'Atelier de Joël Robuchon
Michael Mina's Pub 1842
|Owner||MGM Resorts International|
|Renovated in||1996, 2005, 2012|
Owned and operated by MGM Resorts International, the 30-floor main building is 293 ft (89 m) high. The property includes five outdoor pools, rivers, and waterfalls that cover 6.6 acres (2.7 ha), a 380,000 sq ft (35,000 m2) convention center, the MGM Grand Garden Arena, and the Grand Spa. It also houses numerous shops, night clubs, restaurants and the largest casino in Clark County, which occupies 171,500 sq ft (15,930 m2).
Located on the Tropicana - Las Vegas Boulevard intersection, pedestrians are not allowed to cross at street level. Instead, the MGM Grand is linked by overhead pedestrian bridges to its neighboring casinos: to the south across Tropicana Avenue, the Tropicana, and to the west across the Strip, New York-New York.
Marina Hotel and Casino (1975–1990)Edit
The property was originally the site of the Golf Club Motel during the 1960s. In 1972, Tom Wiesner co-founded Southwest Securities Development Company, and later founded Wiesner Investment Company. In November 1973, Southwest Securities Development was planning the Airport Marina Hotel, to be built at the site of the 170-room Golf Club Motel, which was located near McCarran International Airport. Southwest planned to renovate the motel structure and add a 14-story addition with 518 rooms. Fred Harvey Company would serve as the operator of the hotel, its restaurants, and other areas of the resort. Fred Harvey had previously opened hotels in other parts of the United States under the Airport Marina name. Southwest also planned to construct a 28,400 sq ft (2,640 m2) casino that would operate separately from Fred Harvey.
The 700-room Marina, located at 3805 South Las Vegas Boulevard, was built by Wiesner Investment Company and was opened in 1975. In 1989, Wiesner and his partners sold the Marina to Kirk Kerkorian, who also bought the Tropicana Country Club, located behind the Marina and across Tropicana Avenue from the Tropicana and San Rémo hotels to obtain the site that would become the home of the MGM Grand. Kerkorian saw the Marina as a stable and solidly built resort, and decided not to destroy the hotel, but to build around it. During that time, the Marina was known as the MGM-Marina Hotel.
The Marina closed on November 30, 1990, and ground was broken for the new casino hotel complex on October 7, 1991. The Marina hotel building still exists as the west wing of the main hotel building.
MGM Grand (1993–present)Edit
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When the latest MGM Grand opened on December 18, 1993, it was owned by MGM Grand Inc. At that time it had an extensive Wizard of Oz theme, including the green "Emerald City" color of the building and the decorative use of Wizard of Oz memorabilia. After entering the casino's main entrance, one would find themselves in the Oz Casino facing Emerald City. Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, and the Cowardly Lion were seen in front of the city. The Emerald City attraction featured an elaborate yellow brick road walk-through, complete with the cornfield, apple orchard, and haunted forest, as well as audio-animatronic figures of Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, the Cowardly Lion, and the Wicked Witch of the West. It would end at the door of the city, leading inside for a performance of "The Wizard's Secrets". When MGM Grand began its extensive refurbishment in 1996, the Oz Casino was the first to go. The Emerald City was completely demolished, and the Emerald City Gift Shop was moved to a new shopping section of the casino. The store remained open until early 2003.
Originally, the main entrance on the Strip was under the head of a giant cartoon-like version of MGM's logo, Leo the Lion, but this entrance feature was changed to a more traditional entrance. In 1998, a large bronze statue of Leo was added above the entrance to keep with the MGM Lion theme, while not scaring away guests. The statue weighs 50 tons, and at 45 feet (14 m) tall, on a 25-foot pedestal, is the largest bronze statue in the U.S.
When the MGM Grand opened, the intention was to create the first true destination hotel in the Las Vegas area by including the MGM Grand Adventures Theme Park behind the casino. The plan was to make the Las Vegas Strip more family friendly by providing activities for those too young to linger inside the casino. The theme park performed poorly and did not reopen for the 2001 season. On December 5, 2002, MGM Resorts International (then named MGM Mirage) announced that the former theme park would be developed as a luxury condominium and hotel complex called The Signature at MGM Grand.
The Las Vegas Monorail was built to connect MGM Grand to Bally's in 1995. The coming-out party for the monorail, on behalf of Bally's, consisted of showgirls and guys from Bally's famed show, Jubilee!, helping groups to the monorail. Characters from the Wizard of Oz greeted the groups on the MGM side. The track was later updated to become the southernmost section of the Las Vegas Monorail. The MGM Grand station was refurbished, the trains were replaced with Bombardier M-VI's, and the track was extended beyond the southern station to provide for track switching for the trains, as well as a starting point for a potential future southern extension to the monorail line.
In 2000, in an attempt to appeal to a more "mature" clientele, the hotel underwent a major renovation, and almost all traces of the Oz theme were removed. The theme is now more of the Art Deco era of classic Hollywood, and the hotel started billing itself as The City of Entertainment. More recently, the resort has used the phrase "Maximum Vegas", referring to the vast amount of activities MGM Grand offers its guests.
On April 26, 2000, MGM opened a new satellite registration/hotel check-in center at McCarran International Airport. This was the first of its kind opened by a hotel company at any United States airport. However, this airport check-in center appears to have closed in late 2013.
In 2005, MGM opened the West Wing, a renovation of the original Marina Hotel rooms.
In October 2011, MGM began a renovation in which all of its rooms and suites in the main tower were fully renovated, along with the casino floor and other public areas. This has provided the hotel with a more contemporary room design. The work was completed in September 2012.
- The MGM Grand was featured prominently in the 1996 boxing comedy The Great White Hype.
- The MGM Grand was one of the casinos that Danny Ocean and his crew robbed in the 2001 film Ocean's Eleven. A staged title unification match between heavyweight boxing champions Lennox Lewis and Wladimir Klitschko was prominently featured in the film.
- Clark Griswold (Chevy Chase) and his family play a game of Keno in the final scenes of Vegas Vacation alongside a character played by Sid Caesar. Keno is no longer offered at the casino. The exterior shot of the casino featured the former lion head entrance as well.
- The MGM Grand's Wizard of Oz theme is referenced in the 1996 film Swingers as the friend of the waitress that Trent picks up works as "a Dorothy".
- The MGM Grand, with its old entrance, was featured at the close of Casino as an example of the "new" Las Vegas.
- The MGM Grand was featured in The Amazing Race 15, and The Amazing Race 24.
A parody of the MGM Grand was featured in the BMX video game Mat Hoffman's Pro BMX 2. Leo the Lion was replaced with dragons.
The MGM Grand is the home base of David Whele in Dominion.
- MGM Grand featured a glass-sided lion habitat inside the casino area, in which up to six lions were shown daily since 1999. A see-through tunnel ran through the habitat for close-up viewing, where the lions would frequently lounge on top of the glass, allowing visitors to walk under them. The lions were owned by Keith Evans, a trainer of exotic animals, and did not live at the habitat, but at his ranch 12 miles (19 km) outside Las Vegas. The lion habitat closed permanently in February 2012 as part of MGM Grand's renovation.
- CSI: The Experience opened in the Studio Walk in September 2009. Here, guests try to solve one of three murder cases interactively, guided by touchscreen stations, cast member videos, and realistic recreated evidence. The first stop is a debriefing room where Gil Grissom introduces the "new recruits" to their assigned cases. After observing the evidence at the crime scene, visitors go to lab areas where they analyze the gathered evidence. They then present their findings in Grissom's office, answering a test based on their analysis of the evidence. Finally, visitors receive a case summary and a CSI diploma.
- TopGolf: Opened in 2017.
The MGM Grand has one of the largest gaming floors in all of Las Vegas, measuring 171,500 square feet (15,930 m2). There are more than 2,500 machines for gaming as well as 139 poker and table games.
The slot machines at the MGM Grand range from 1¢ to $1,000 and include progressive slots, video poker, and multi-game machines. There is a special High Limit Slots area, featuring slot machines with payouts up to $500,000.
The race and sports book is a state of-the-art betting area that features thirty-six 60-inch plasma TVs, along with twenty-four 42-inch plasmas. Bets are offered on a range of sports including soccer, football, boxing, MMA and more. They are also the first room to offer what they call "SkyBoxes". These boxes can hold up to ten guests and come with beverage servers and complimentary food.
The hotel rooms are located in several buildings including:
- The main hotel building, with 5,044 rooms (4,293 rooms ranging from USD $79 to USD $499 per night and 751 suites ranging from USD $275 to USD $20,500 per night.)
- SKYLOFTS at MGM Grand, a AAA Five-Diamond, Forbes Five Star hotel, occupies the top two floors of the main building. The hotel has 51 lofts ranging from USD $2,000 to USD $10,000 per night and is a member of The Leading Hotels of the World.
- The three The Signature at MGM Grand towers, each with 576 suites ranging from USD $170 to USD $599 per night (designed by Bergman Walls Associates).
- The Mansion at MGM Grand with 29 villas reserved for VIP's, celebrities, and casino-invited guests ranging from USD $5,000 to USD $35,000 per night.
The Signature at MGM GrandEdit
The Signature at MGM Grand is a condo hotel project by MGM Mirage and Turnberry Associates, who teamed up to build the three currently open Signature at the MGM Grand towers. The 38-story, 475-foot (145 m) tall structures have 576 all-suite units each and were priced from $450,000 to more than $2.0 million. Signature is located on the property where the MGM Grand Adventures Theme Park once stood. Each tower has its own private pool with cabanas as well as access to MGM Grand pools. Additional guest/owner amenities at The Signature include a Starbucks, meeting rooms, exercise room, bar and restaurant. Each tower is connected with walkways including moving walkways for the connection to the MGM Grand.
- Brad Garrett's Comedy Club - features Garrett and other comedians.
- David Copperfield Theater - nightly shows by the illusionist
- Hakkasan - restaurant and nightclub
- Jabbawockeez Theater - features "Jreamz" by the eponymous dance group, and Beacher's Madhouse. Formerly home to the "Crazy Horse Paris."
- Kà Theatre - home to Cirque du Soleil's production Kà. Formerly home to EFX.
- MGM Grand Garden Arena - hosts major concerts and sporting events.
- Wet Republic Ultra Pool - dayclub
- MGM Grand review. LasVegas.com.
- "Golf Club Motel". Vintage Las Vegas. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- Morrison, Jo Ann (June 26, 2002). "As regent, politician, businessman, Tom Wiesner did it all for Las Vegas". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on June 29, 2002.
- "Fred Harvey Planning Big Las Vegas Hotel". The Desert Sun. November 29, 1973. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- Knight, Jennifer; Guiremand, Steve; Kantowski, Ron; Neff, Erin (June 26, 2002). "Wiesner brought appealing mix of politics, pubs to LV". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- Burbank, Jeff (2014). "Holy Cow!". Lost Las Vegas. Pavilion Books. pp. 88–89. ISBN 978-1-90981-503-2.
- "The Marina Hotel was Never Destroyed". vegastodayandtomorrow.com. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Marina Hotel and Casino". lasvegasmikey.com. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "History of MGM Las Vegas Hotel". earlyvegas.com. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "MGM Grand Fact Sheet". mgmgrand.com. MGM Resorts International. Archived from the original on 17 October 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- Airport Check-In mgmgrand.com.
- "MGM Grand lions, on display at casino habitat for the last time today". Las Vegas Sun. Jan 31, 2012.
- "CSI:The Experience". mgmgrand.com. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
- Casino Games. mgmgrand.com.
- SkyBox. mgmgrand.com.
- "Skylofts at MGM Grand". forbestravelguide.com. Forbes. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- "Luxury Hotels in North America:Leading Hotels of the World". lhw.com. Leading Hotels of the World. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
- John Katsilometes (November 11, 2015). "Moving elephant gives Jabbawockeez a chance to open trunk at MGM Grand". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 2016-04-07.