MFSB, officially standing for "Mother Father Sister Brother",[1] was a pool of more than 30 studio musicians based at Philadelphia's Sigma Sound Studios.[2] They worked closely with the production team of Gamble and Huff and producer/arranger Thom Bell, and backed up Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, The O'Jays, The Stylistics, the Spinners, Wilson Pickett, and Billy Paul.[2]

MFSB (Mother Father Sister Brother)
OriginPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
GenresJazz, R&B, soul, Philadelphia soul, funk, disco,
Years active1971–1985
LabelsPhiladelphia International
Past membersBob Babbitt (deceased)
Ronnie Baker (deceased)
Thom Bell
Keith Benson
Karl Chambers (deceased)
Roland Chambers (deceased)
Charles Collins
Bobby Eli
John E. Davis
John H. Davis (deceased)
Norman Farrington
Michael Foreman (deceased)
Eddie Green (deceased)
Dennis Harris
Norman Harris (deceased)
Leon Huff
Anthony Jackson
Frederick Joiner
Quinton Joseph
Ron Kersey (deceased)
Reggie Lucas (deceased)
Vincent Montana Jr. (deceased)
Lenny Pakula (deceased)
Don Renaldo
T. J. Tindall (deceased)
Larry Washington (deceased)
Winnie Wilford
Harold Ivory Williams (deceased)
Jimmie Williams
Earl Young
Leon "Zach" Zachery (deceased)

In 1972, MFSB began recording as a named act for the Philadelphia International label. "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)", also known as the Soul Train theme, was their second and most successful single. Released in March 1974, it peaked at number one on the US Billboard pop and R&B charts. "TSOP" was influential in establishing the disco sound.[2] The track sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA in April 1974.[3]

OverviewEdit

MFSB formed in 1971 and disbanded in 1985, three years after Teddy Pendergrass's car accident, which left him paralyzed.[4]

Assembled by record producers Kenneth Gamble and Leon Huff, MFSB was the house band for their Philadelphia International Records label and originated the signature smooth "Philly sound" that dominated the early 1970s for the artists who recorded at the Sigma Sound Studios, including The O'Jays, The Spinners, the Bluenotes, The Delfonics, Blue Magic, the Intruders, the Three Degrees, Jerry Butler, and Teddy Pendergrass.[citation needed] Later in the decade, the collective would become known for the hi-hat-dominated disco sounds that became popular in the late 1970s with groups such as the Trammps, First Choice, Ripple and Double Exposure.[citation needed]

It was the 1973 release of their first album, MFSB, that put them on the map.[4] This marked the beginning of a string of instrumental hits that brought major attention to a large orchestra who laid the foundation for the Sound of Philadelphia. The line-up of musicians included Karl Chambers, Earl Young, and Norman Fearrington on drums; Norman Harris, Roland Chambers, Bobby Eli, and T. J. Tindall on guitar; Winnie Wilford and Ronnie Baker on bass; Vincent Montana Jr. on vibes, timpani, orchestra bells, chimes, percussion, arrangements and conductor, and Larry Washington on congas and bongos, Harold Ivory Williams on keyboards, plus Leon Huff and Thom Bell on keyboards and Don Renaldo on strings and horns featuring Rocco Bene on trumpet.[citation needed]

MFSB's disco sound first hit the top of the Billboard Hot 100 charts as the backing band for the O'Jays' "Love Train" in March 1973.[5]

In 2005, drummer Keith Benson (who had joined the group upon Young's departure) revived the group with Gamble's help.[citation needed] The lineup included himself on drums, Jimmy Williams on bass, Dennis Harris and Barton French on guitars, and vocalists Carla Benson, Johnny Ingram, and Michael Clark.[citation needed] In 2007, Philadelphia's Inner City Horns (George Bussey, Jr., saxophone; Bill Hosbach, Jr., trumpet; and Matt Vernon, trombone) were added to the mix. The group performs live at private and concert events, and was featured at the inauguration of Philadelphia mayor Michael Nutter.[citation needed]

CareerEdit

In the spring of 1974, Philadelphia International released an instrumental track which had been recorded by the band as the theme music for the television show Soul Train as a single. The record, titled "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)" reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 and also topped the R&B chart and the adult contemporary chart.[5] The success of "TSOP" launched a recording career for the band under their own name. MFSB albums and singles were released for the rest of the decade.

MFSB recorded a cover of the Nite-Liters's 1971 instrumental "K-Jee", which gained some popularity when it was featured in a key scene in the film Saturday Night Fever (1977).[4] It is also included in the soundtrack to that movie. "Sexy" (1975) was later used as a prize cue for the "Big Deal of the Day" on the 1980 version of Let's Make a Deal.

Another popular MFSB number, "Love Is the Message", has been a favorite of dance/disco DJs since its release; countless remixes, both official and unofficial, exist of the song. On September 20, 2004, the record became among the first to be inducted into the newly formed Dance Music Hall of Fame. In October 2004, the song appeared in the video game, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, playing on funk radio station, Bounce FM.[6]

Due to a disagreement with Gamble & Huff over finances, several members of the group moved on to Salsoul Records, where they became known as the Salsoul Orchestra. Other members began performing as the Ritchie Family orchestra, and John Davis and the Monster Orchestra.[citation needed] Not to be outdone, Gamble & Huff replaced them with a new rhythm section consisting of Charles Collins on drums, Michael Foreman on bass guitar, and Dennis Harris on lead guitar. They also employed Dexter Wansel and others on MFSB's latter recordings for the label.[citation needed]

Since 1975, MFSB's "My Mood" has been the closing theme music for the Friday 6:00 p.m. newscast on WRC-TV (NBC4), the NBC-owned television station in Washington, D.C.[7] MFSB's "TLC" (Tender Lovin' Care) was used for decades as the closing credits theme for the Washington, DC, version of the It's Academic quiz show recorded at WRC-TV.[citation needed]

In 2008, some of the members appeared together on new recordings made at Bobby Eli’s Studio E/The Grooveyard in the Philly suburbs. Musicians on the session were Earl Young on drums, Bobby Eli and Dennis Harris on guitars, Jimmie Williams on bass guitar, Rikki Hicks on percussion and T G Conway on keys. Two songs have been released from that session: "Soul Recession" by Double Exposure and "There I go falling in love again" by Chiquita Green.[citation needed]

Name originEdit

According to the book A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul, by John A. Jackson, the "clean" version of the MFSB name means "Mother, Father, Sister, Brother", because according to Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, despite the diversity at Philadelphia International Records, all were connected musically.[citation needed] This was in line with their spiritual views at the time. The "other" version was "mother-fuckin' son-of-a-bitch", an expression which was used among the musicians to compliment a person's musical prowess.[1]

DiscographyEdit

Studio albumsEdit

Year Album Peak chart positions Certifications Record label
US
[8]
US
R&B

[8]
US
Jazz

[8]
AUS
[9]
CAN
[10]
1973 MFSB 131 20 Philadelphia International
Love is the Message 4 1 4 55 6
1975 Universal Love 44 2
Philadelphia Freedom 39 14 30
1976 Summertime 106 18 21
1978 MFSB: The Gamble & Huff Orchestra
1980 Mysteries of the World 54 TSOP
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Compilation albumsEdit

SinglesEdit

Year Title Peak chart positions
US
[8]
US
R&B

[8]
US
Dance

[8]
AUS
[9]
AUT
[12]
CAN
[10]
GER
[13]
NLD
[14]
SWI
[15]
UK
[16]
1973 "Family Affair"
1974 "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)" (featuring The Three Degrees) 1 1 12 17 1 5 18 3 22
"Love Is the Message" (featuring The Three Degrees) 85 42 37
1975 "Sexy" 42 2 2 51 37
"T.L.C. (Tender Lovin' Care)" 54
"K-Jee" 18
"The Zip" 91 72 24
1976 "Philadelphia Freedom"
"Picnic in the Park" 14
"Summertime and I'm Feelin' Mellow" 65
"We Got the Time"
1977 "Let's Clean Up the Ghetto" (with Philadelphia International All Stars) 91 4 26 8 34
1978 "Use ta Be My Guy" 94
"To Be in Love"
1980 "Manhattan Skyline"
"Mysteries of the World" 41
1994 "TSOP (Theme from Soul Train '94)" (vs Johnny Vicious) 98
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jackson, John A. (2004). A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 115. ISBN 0195149726. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Nite, Norm N. (1978). Rock On: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Rock N' Roll, 1964–1978. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. p. 320. ISBN 0-690-01196-2.
  3. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 331. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  4. ^ a b c Huey, Steve. "MFSB | Biography & History". AllMusic.
  5. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (1996). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits.
  6. ^ Wales, Matt (November 10, 2021). "Here's the GTA Trilogy remaster's full radio station track listing according to Rockstar". Eurogamer. Retrieved August 6, 2022.
  7. ^ Campbell, Arch (June 23, 2017). "Arch Campbell Remembers His Friend Jim Vance". The Washingtonian. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "US Charts > MFSB". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
  9. ^ a b David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  10. ^ a b "CAN Charts > MFSB". RPM. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
  11. ^ "US Certifications > MFSB". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
  12. ^ "AUT Charts > MFSB". Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  13. ^ "GER Charts Search > MFSB". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  14. ^ "NLD Charts > MFSB". MegaCharts. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  15. ^ "SWI Charts > MFSB". Swiss Hitparade. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  16. ^ "UK Charts > MFSB". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 20, 2016.

External linksEdit