Mühlberg, Brandenburg

Mühlberg is a town in the Elbe-Elster district, in the southwesternmost part of Brandenburg, Germany. It is located on the right bank of the river Elbe, about halfway between Riesa to the south and Torgau to the northwest. It is about 60 km east of Leipzig. It is accessed by the Bundesstraße 182 (Riesa - Torgau - Wittenberg) on the left bank of the Elbe, connected with the town by a bridge, opened in 2008. Mühlberg consists of the Ortsteile Mühlberg, Altenau, Brottewitz, Fichtenberg, Koßdorf and Martinskirchen.

Mühlberg
Church and town hall
Church and town hall
Coat of arms of Mühlberg
Location of Mühlberg within Elbe-Elster district
Mühlberg-Elbe in EE.png
Mühlberg is located in Germany
Mühlberg
Mühlberg
Mühlberg is located in Brandenburg
Mühlberg
Mühlberg
Coordinates: 51°25′59″N 13°13′00″E / 51.43306°N 13.21667°E / 51.43306; 13.21667Coordinates: 51°25′59″N 13°13′00″E / 51.43306°N 13.21667°E / 51.43306; 13.21667
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictElbe-Elster
Municipal assoc.Liebenwerda
Subdivisions5 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Dieter Jähnichen[1]
Area
 • Total88.55 km2 (34.19 sq mi)
Elevation
91 m (299 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total3,630
 • Density41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
04931
Dialling codes035342
Vehicle registrationEE, FI, LIB
Websitewww.muehlberg-elbe.de

HistoryEdit

The earliest documentary mention of Mühlberg is in 1230. The town was founded on a sandy island where the River Elbe could be crossed under protection of a castle. There is archaeological evidence, in the form of burials, of Slavic settlement dating back to ca. 600 A.D. During the middle ages lordship over the city shifted several times between the Bohemian noble family of the House of Berka z Dubé and the House of Wettin. The forces of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor defeated the Schmalkaldic League at the Battle of Mühlberg near the castle on April 24, 1547. From 1939-1945 there existed a World War II prisoner-of-war camp (Stalag IV-B) near Mühlberg. About 300000 prisoners passed the camp and about 3000, most of them Soviet soldiers, died there. After World War II the camp was re-used by the Soviet secret service NKVD as NKVD Special Camp No. 1. About 6700 of the 22000 prisoners of the NKVD are buried in mass graves near the camp area. Today a memorial area remembers on the victims of both camp periods. From 1952 to 1990, Mühlberg was part of the Bezirk Cottbus of East Germany.

DemographyEdit

Mühlberg/Elbe: Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 5,468—    
1890 5,854+0.46%
1910 5,895+0.03%
1925 6,244+0.38%
1933 6,288+0.09%
1939 6,700+1.06%
1946 8,862+4.08%
1950 8,660−0.57%
1964 6,836−1.68%
1971 6,973+0.28%
1981 6,433−0.80%
1985 6,349−0.33%
1989 6,193−0.62%
1990 6,076−1.89%
1991 5,956−1.97%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1992 5,916−0.67%
1993 5,838−1.32%
1994 5,736−1.75%
1995 5,662−1.29%
1996 5,586−1.34%
1997 5,499−1.56%
1998 5,435−1.16%
1999 5,307−2.36%
2000 5,185−2.30%
2001 5,067−2.28%
2002 4,957−2.17%
2003 4,857−2.02%
2004 4,768−1.83%
2005 4,698−1.47%
2006 4,581−2.49%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 4,485−2.10%
2008 4,437−1.07%
2009 4,334−2.32%
2010 4,244−2.08%
2011 4,128−2.73%
2012 4,051−1.87%
2013 3,969−2.02%
2014 3,892−1.94%
2015 3,856−0.92%
2016 3,813−1.12%
2017 3,745−1.78%
2018 3,734−0.29%
2019 3,671−1.69%
2020 3,630−1.12%

Sites of interestEdit

PersonalitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landkreis Elbe-Elster Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 1 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  4. ^ "Museum Mühlberg 1547". www.luther2017.de. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.

External linksEdit