Méditerranée [me.di.tɛ.ʁa.ne] was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the Mediterranean Sea. It was formed in 1808, when the Kingdom of Etruria (formerly the Grand Duchy of Tuscany) was annexed directly to France. Its capital was Livorno.
|Département de la Méditerranée|
|department of the First French Empire|
|•||Annexation from the Kingdom of Etruria||25 May 1808|
|•||Treaty of Fontainebleau||1814|
|•||1812||4,910 km2 (1,896 sq mi)|
|Density||64.9 /km2 (168.1 /sq mi)|
|Political subdivisions||4 Arrondissements |
The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was restored to its previous Habsburg-Lorraine prince, Ferdinand III. Its territory is now divided between the Italian provinces of Livorno, Pisa, Florence and Siena.
- Livorno, cantons: Fauglia, Lari, Livorno (4 cantons), San Miniato, Peccioli, Pontedera and Rosignano.
- Elba island, cantons: Portoferraio (sous-préfecture) and Porto Longone.
- Pisa, cantons: Bagni di San Giuliano, Barga, Bientina, Borgo a Buggiano, Cascina, Castelfranco di Sotto, Cerreto, Fucecchio, Montecarlo, Montecatini, Pescia, Pietrasanta, Pisa (3 cantons), Seravezza and Vicopisano.
- Volterra, cantons: Campiglia, Castelfiorentino, San Gimignano, Guardistallo, Montaione, Palaia, Pomarance and Volterra.
Its population in 1812 was 318,725, and its area was 491,000 hectares.
- Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 433-434, accessed in Gallica 25 July 2013 (in French)
- "L'ALMANACH IMPÉRIAL POUR L'ANNÉE 1810, CHAPITRE X, Sect. II, Eure et Loire - Jura". Retrieved 2010-09-28.
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