Méditerranée (French: [me.di.tɛ.ʁa.ne]) was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the Mediterranean Sea. It was formed in 1808, when the Kingdom of Etruria (formerly the Grand Duchy of Tuscany) was annexed directly to France. Its capital was Livorno.

Département de la Méditerranée
department of the First French Empire
Flag of Méditerranée
Coat of arms of Méditerranée
Coat of arms

Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
 • Coordinates43°33′N 10°19′E / 43.550°N 10.317°E / 43.550; 10.317
• 1812[1]
4,910 km2 (1,900 sq mi)
• 1812[1]
• Annexation from the Kingdom of Etruria
25 May 1808
Political subdivisions4 Arrondissements [1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Etruria
Grand Duchy of Tuscany

The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was restored to its previous Habsburg-Lorraine prince, Ferdinand III. Its territory is now divided between the Italian provinces of Livorno, Pisa, Florence and Siena.

Subdivisions edit

The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 318,725, and its area was 491,000 hectares.[1]

Elba was, from 1808 to 1811 a separate entity, ruled by a Commissaire général.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 433-434, accessed in Gallica 25 July 2013 (in French)
  2. ^ "L'ALMANACH IMPÉRIAL POUR L'ANNÉE 1810, CHAPITRE X, Sect. II, Eure et Loire - Jura". Retrieved 2010-09-28.