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Méditerranée [me.di.tɛ.ʁa.ne] was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the Mediterranean Sea. It was formed in 1808, when the Kingdom of Etruria (formerly the Grand Duchy of Tuscany) was annexed directly to France. Its capital was Livorno.

Département de la Méditerranée
department of the First French Empire

1808–1814
 

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Méditerranée
Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
Capital Livorno
43°33′N 10°19′E / 43.550°N 10.317°E / 43.550; 10.317Coordinates: 43°33′N 10°19′E / 43.550°N 10.317°E / 43.550; 10.317
History
 •  Annexation from the Kingdom of Etruria 25 May 1808
 •  Treaty of Fontainebleau 1814
Area
 •  1812[1] 4,910 km2 (1,896 sq mi)
Population
 •  1812[1] 318,725 
Density 64.9 /km2  (168.1 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 4 Arrondissements [1]

The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was restored to its previous Habsburg-Lorraine prince, Ferdinand III. Its territory is now divided between the Italian provinces of Livorno, Pisa, Florence and Siena.

SubdivisionsEdit

The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 318,725, and its area was 491,000 hectares.[1]

Elba was, from 1808 to 1811 a separate entity, ruled by a Commissaire général.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 433-434, accessed in Gallica 25 July 2013 (in French)
  2. ^ "L'ALMANACH IMPÉRIAL POUR L'ANNÉE 1810, CHAPITRE X, Sect. II, Eure et Loire - Jura". Retrieved 2010-09-28.