Måsøy

Måsøy (Northern Sami: Muosát; Kven: Moseija) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Havøysund. Other villages include Ingøy, Måsøy, Slåtten, and Gunnarnes. The municipality is located on the mainland as well as several islands.

Måsøy kommune

Muosátsullo gielda
Moseijan komuuni
View of Havøysund in the winter
View of Havøysund in the winter
Flag of Måsøy kommune
Flag
Official logo of Måsøy kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Måsøy within Troms og Finnmark
Måsøy within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°59′48″N 24°39′41″E / 70.99667°N 24.66139°E / 70.99667; 24.66139Coordinates: 70°59′48″N 24°39′41″E / 70.99667°N 24.66139°E / 70.99667; 24.66139
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictVest-Finnmark
Established1838
Administrative centreHavøysund
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Bernth Sjursen (Ap)
Area
 • Total1,135.83 km2 (438.55 sq mi)
 • Land1,067.50 km2 (412.16 sq mi)
 • Water68.33 km2 (26.38 sq mi)  6%
Area rank97 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,225
 • Rank320 in Norway
 • Density1.1/km2 (3/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
−3.3%
Demonym(s)Måsøying[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5434
Official language formBokmål[2]
Websitemasoy.kommune.no

The 1,136-square-kilometre (439 sq mi) municipality is the 97th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Masøy is the 320th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,225. The municipality's population density is 1.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (2.8/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.3% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

The municipality includes the Fruholmen Lighthouse, the northernmost lighthouse in Norway as well as the Havøysund Bridge, the northernmost bridge in the world. The tallest tower in Scandinavia, the 362-meter (1,188 ft) tall Ingøy radio transmitter is located on Ingøya island.

The Hurtigruten coastal express boat stops at the village of Havøysund daily. There is also a road connection to Måsøy, albeit often blocked by snow in the winter. Norwegian County Road 889 connects the mainland to Havøysund.

General informationEdit

 
View of the village of Måsøy

The town of Hammerfest and the vast surrounding rural district of Hammerfest was established as the municipality of Hammerfest by og landdistrikt on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Soon after (the same year), the northern district (population: 498) was separated to become the new municipality of Maasøe, named after the village on the island of Måsøya where the local church is located. The spelling was later changed to Måsøy.

On 1 January 1963, a small area of southern Måsøy, north of Kokelv, (population: 34) was transferred to neighboring Kvalsund Municipality. On 1 January 1984, the western part of the island of Magerøya (population: 240) was transferred from Måsøy to the neighboring Nordkapp Municipality.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Finnmark county.[6]

NameEdit

The first element is måse which means "seagull" and the last element is øy which means "island". Previously, the village of Måsøy was the administrative centre since the main Måsøy Church was located there, hence it became the name of the municipality. Prior to 1918, the name was written Maasøe or Maasø.[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 7 September 1984. The arms show a golden-yellow fishing gaff on a red background. These fishing gaffs have been used for many centuries in the municipality to haul large fish into the boat. The device is made of a large piece of wood with a bone or metal hook. The tool was chosen as a symbol for the importance of fishing to the municipality.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Måsøy. It is part of the Hammerfest prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Måsøy
Parish (sokn) Church name Location Year built
Måsøy Gunnarnes Chapel Rolvsøya 1986
Havøysund Church Havøysund 1961
Ingøy Church Ingøy 1957
Måsøy Church Måsøya 1953
Slotten Chapel Slåtten 1963

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Måsøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Hammerfest District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Måsøy is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Måsøy Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:15
Måsøy Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:15
Måsøy Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
Total number of members:15
Måsøy Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:17
Måsøy Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
Total number of members:17
Måsøy Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Local list for Måsøy (Bygdelista i Måsøy)2
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Local list for Måsøy municipality
(Bygdelista i Måsøy kommune)
3
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist common list
(Venstresosialistiske felleslister)
2
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
Total number of members:21
Måsøy Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:16
Måsøy Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
Total number of members:16
Måsøy Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
6
Total number of members:16
Måsøy Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
Total number of members:16

MayorsEdit

The mayors of Måsøy (incomplete list):

  • 2019–present: Bernth Sjursen (Ap)
  • 2017-2019: Reidun Helene Mortensen (Sp)
  • 2014-2017: Gudleif Kristiansen (Sp)
  • 2011-2014: Anne Karin Olli (H)
  • 2009-2011: John Aase (Ap)
  • 1995-2009: Ingalill Olsen (Ap)

Notable peopleEdit

GeographyEdit

 
View of Ingøya

The municipality is located on the northern coast of western Finnmark, comprising parts of the mainland (located on the Porsanger Peninsula) and many islands of various sizes. The main islands include Måsøya, Hjelmsøya, Havøya, Ingøya, and Rolvsøya. Most people live in the village of Havøysund, but there are also small hamlets spread around the islands and in the fjord areas, notably Snefjord, Slåtten, Ingøy, Gunnarnes, and Måsøy. The large lake Havvatnet lies in the southern part of the municipality.

BirdlifeEdit

Lying in the northwest part of the county, Måsøy has a selection of habitats and a varied birdlife. Once again, some of the county's largest seabird colonies can be found in the municipality with the island of Hjelmsøya being one of the more interesting. White-tailed eagles can be seen as well as both Arctic skuas and great skuas.

ClimateEdit

Måsøy has a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfc), due to the relatively mild winter, but also due to the precipitation pattern with drier summer and wetter winter, which is opposite of the subarctic climate. Fruholmen was earlier a tundra climate, and is close to tundra with 1991-2020 normals. As the weather station is located at an exposed lighthouse, the inhabited areas of the municipality such as Havøysund will be slightly warmer in summer and slightly colder in winter than Fruholmen.

Climate data for Fruholmen lighthouse 1991-2020 (13 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
1.3
(34.3)
4.3
(39.7)
6.9
(44.4)
9.8
(49.6)
10.1
(50.2)
8.2
(46.8)
4.4
(39.9)
1.8
(35.2)
0.3
(32.5)
3.6
(38.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 100
(3.9)
89
(3.5)
86
(3.4)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
40
(1.6)
50
(2.0)
55
(2.2)
72
(2.8)
93
(3.7)
81
(3.2)
98
(3.9)
873
(34.5)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[28]


Climate data for Ingøya 1961-1990
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
0.2
(32.4)
1.9
(35.4)
5.3
(41.5)
8.9
(48.0)
12.0
(53.6)
11.7
(53.1)
8.8
(47.8)
5.2
(41.4)
2.3
(36.1)
0.5
(32.9)
4.7
(40.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
0.4
(32.7)
3.6
(38.5)
6.7
(44.1)
9.7
(49.5)
9.7
(49.5)
7.2
(45.0)
3.6
(38.5)
0.6
(33.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.8
(37.0)
Average low °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.9
(35.4)
5.0
(41.0)
7.9
(46.2)
8.1
(46.6)
5.7
(42.3)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.1
(30.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.1
(34.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 88
(3.5)
74
(2.9)
70
(2.8)
61
(2.4)
44
(1.7)
46
(1.8)
49
(1.9)
52
(2.0)
64
(2.5)
89
(3.5)
91
(3.6)
102
(4.0)
830
(32.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 17.9 15.6 15.8 14.5 11.3 10.5 10.0 11.0 14.6 19.2 18.0 19.4 177.8
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[29]

ReferencesEdit

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  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
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  6. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (2019-12-24). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 150–151.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
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  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  28. ^ http://sharki.oslo.dnmi.no/portal/page?_pageid=73,39035,73_39080&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External linksEdit